Schinopsis brasiliensis

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Schinopsis brasiliensis
Braúna.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Anacardiaceae
Genus: Schinopsis
Species:
S. brasiliensis
Binomial name
Schinopsis brasiliensis

Schinopsis brasiliensis is a species of flowering plant in the cashew family known by the common names baraúna or braúna.[1]

This species is endemic to Brazil, where it is a component of the Caatinga ecoregion.[2]

Description[edit]

Schinopsis brasiliensis can grow up to 12 metres (39 ft) tall with a trunk diameter of 60 centimeters.[3]

Uses[edit]

This tree has a hard, sturdy wood which is used in construction.[1][4] Because of its harvesting for this purpose, the tree is considered an endangered species.[1]

Two species of mite have been noted to live on this tree, Calacarus torulus and Shevtchenkella schinopsidis.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Cardoso, M. P., et al. (2005). A new alkyl phenol from Schinopsis brasiliensis. Natural Product Research 19(5) 431-33.
  2. ^ Dantas, B.F.; et al. (2008). "Biochemical changes during imbibition of Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl. seeds". Revista Brasileira de Sementes. 30 (2): 214–9. doi:10.1590/S0101-31222008000200027.
  3. ^ Saraiva, A.M.; et al. "Quantitative analysis of Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl. extract when incorporated into oil-in-water microemulsion" (PDF).
  4. ^ a b Navia, D.; Flechtmann, C.H.W. (1999). "Two new Eriophyid mites (Acari: Eriophyidae) from Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl. (Anacardiaceae) from Brazil". International Journal of Acarology. 25 (3): 183–8. doi:10.1080/01647959908684151.

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