Schinopsis brasiliensis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Schinopsis brasiliensis
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Anacardiaceae
Genus: Schinopsis
S. brasiliensis
Binomial name
Schinopsis brasiliensis

Schinopsis brasiliensis is a species of flowering plant in the cashew family known by the common names baraúna or braúna.[1]

This species is native to Brazil, Bolivia, and Paraguay.[2] It is a component of the Caatinga ecoregion in northwestern Brazil[3] and the Chiquitano dry forests ecoregion of eastern Bolivia and adjacent portions of Brazil.[4]


Schinopsis brasiliensis can grow up to 12 metres (39 ft) tall with a trunk diameter of 60 centimeters.[5]


This tree has a hard, sturdy wood which is used in construction.[1][6] Because of its harvesting for this purpose, the tree is considered an endangered species.[1]

Two species of mite have been noted to live on this tree, Calacarus torulus and Shevtchenkella schinopsidis.[6]


  1. ^ a b c Cardoso, M. P., et al. (2005). A new alkyl phenol from Schinopsis brasiliensis. Natural Product Research 19(5) 431-33.
  2. ^ "Schinopsis brasiliensis". Plants of the World Online. Accessed 15 July 2020. [1]
  3. ^ Dantas, B.F.; et al. (2008). "Biochemical changes during imbibition of Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl. seeds". Revista Brasileira de Sementes. 30 (2): 214–9. doi:10.1590/S0101-31222008000200027.
  4. ^ "Chiquitano dry forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund.
  5. ^ Saraiva, A.M.; et al. "Quantitative analysis of Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl. extract when incorporated into oil-in-water microemulsion" (PDF).
  6. ^ a b Navia, D.; Flechtmann, C.H.W. (1999). "Two new Eriophyid mites (Acari: Eriophyidae) from Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl. (Anacardiaceae) from Brazil". International Journal of Acarology. 25 (3): 183–8. doi:10.1080/01647959908684151.

Media related to Schinopsis brasiliensis at Wikimedia Commons