Schwabing

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The Siegestor (front), on Leopoldstraße between Munich's Maxvorstadt and Schwabing
Walking Man at Leopoldstraße

Schwabing is a borough in the northern part of Munich, the capital of the German state of Bavaria. It is divided into the city borough 4 (Schwabing-West) and the city borough 12 (Schwabing-Freimann). The main boulevard is Leopoldstraße.[1] For further information on the Munich boroughs, see: Boroughs of Munich.

Overview[edit]

2011 before the demolition of the Schwabinger 7 bar and redevelopment of the area shown in the photograph

Schwabing used to be famous as Munich's bohemian quarter, but has lost much of this reputation due to strong gentrification in the last decades.[2] A popular location is the Englischer Garten, or English Garden, one of the world's largest public parks. Other not so commonly known parks in Schwabing are: Leopoldpark, Petuelpark and Biotop am Ackermannbogen.

The main buildings of Munich's largest universities, Ludwigs-Maximilians-Universität and the Technical University of Munich and Academy of Fine Arts are situated in the nearby Maxvorstadt. A student housing area called "Studentenstadt" (literally, "student city") is located in the north of Schwabing.

The gentrification of Schwabing and various construction projects have led to protests, as around 2011.[3]

Culture[edit]

Schwabing in the 1970s: The Yellow Submarine discotheque and the futuristic Schwabylon shopping center

Bohemia since 1890[edit]

Schwabing became very famous especially during the reign of Prince Regent Luitpold when numerous artists like Ludwig Ganghofer, Heinrich Mann, Thomas Mann, Oskar Panizza, Otto Julius Bierbaum, Frank Wedekind, Ernst von Wolzogen, Gustav Meyrink, Rainer Maria Rilke, Isolde Kurz, Ludwig Thoma, Max Halbe, Annette Kolb, Stefan George, Karl Wolfskehl, Ludwig Klages, Roda Roda, Christian Morgenstern, Max Dauthendey, Mechtilde Lichnowsky, Lion Feuchtwanger, Leonhard Frank, Joachim Ringelnatz, Claire Goll, Oskar Maria Graf, Hugo Ball, Hermann Kesten, Thomas Theodor Heine, Olaf Gulbransson, Bruno Paul, Eduard Thöny and Rudolf Wilke lived or worked there. Lenin was a resident of Schwabing for some years, as was noted psychoanalyst and bohemian Otto Gross.[4] The Countess Fanny zu Reventlow was known as "The Bohemian Countess of Schwabing".

Famous 60s and 70s Scene[edit]

In the 1960s and 1970s Schwabing became a hotspot for the flower power and 1968 movements as well as an internationally renowned party district with legendary clubs such as Big Apple, PN, Domicile, Hot Club, Piper Club, Tiffany, Germany's first large-scale discotheque Blow Up and the underwater nightclub Yellow Submarine,[5] as well as many bars such as Schwabinger 7, Drugstore and Schwabinger Podium. The Schwabinger Krawalle unrests of 1962 were a prelude for the student protests of 1968. In the last decades Schwabing has lost much of its nightlife activity, mainly due to gentrification and the resulting high rents. It has become the city's most coveted and expensive residential district, attracting affluent citizens with little interest in partying.

Maps[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Travel, D. K. (16 January 2015). Top 10 Munich: Munich. Dorling Kindersley Limited. ISBN 9780241196014 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ Hemminger, Patrick (7 September 2012). "Münchner Boulevard". Süddeutsche Zeitung (in German). ISSN 0174-4917. Retrieved 2018-06-12 – via Sueddeutsche.de.
  3. ^ Konstantin Wecker: Interview „Sollen die Normalverdiener rausziehen? Interview: Franz Kotteder SZ 17. Mai 2011
  4. ^ Jennifer E. Michaels (1983) Anarchy and Eros: Otto Gross' Impact on German Expressionist Writers: 15
  5. ^ Hecktor, Mirko; von Uslar, Moritz; Smith, Patti; Neumeister, Andreas (1 November 2008). Mjunik Disco – from 1949 to now (in German). ISBN 978-3936738476.


Coordinates: 48°10′02″N 11°35′10″E / 48.16722°N 11.58611°E / 48.16722; 11.58611