Scribbled nudibranch

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Scribbled nudibranch
Crosshatch Doriopsilla miniata.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia

clade Euthyneura
clade Nudipleura
clade Nudibranchia
clade Euctenidiacea
clade Doridacea

Superfamily: Phyllidioidea
Family: Dendrodorididae
Genus: Doriopsilla
Species: D. miniata
Binomial name
Doriopsilla miniata
(Alder & Hancock, 1864)[1]
Synonyms
  • Dendrodoris davisi Allan, 1933
  • Doridopsis miniata Alder & Hancock, 1864 (basionym)

The scribbled nudibranch (Doriopsilla miniata) is a species of sea slug, a dorid nudibranch. It is a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Dendrodorididae.[2]

Distribution[edit]

This species is known from the Mediterranean Sea, and the Indo-Pacific Ocean. Around the southern African coast it is found from the Atlantic side of the Cape Peninsula to Sodwana Bay, from the intertidal to at least 30 m.[3]

Description[edit]

The scribbled nudibranch is a smooth-bodied yellow-brown nudibranch, with opaque white lines on its notum. It may reach a total length of 50 mm.[4]

Ecology[edit]

This species feeds on sponges. It lacks a tooth-bearing tongue (radula) and instead digests prey sponges using digestive enzymes produced by its oral gland. The externally digested sponge cells are then pumped into the mouth. Its appearance is mimicked by a sea snail, Trivia millardi.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alder J. & Hancock A. (1864). "Notice of a collection of Nudibranchiate Mollusca made in India by Walter Elliot, Esq., with descriptions of several new genera and species". Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 5: 113-147.
  2. ^ Bouchet, P. (2010). Doriopsilla miniata (Alder & Hancock, 1864). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=533888 on 2012-06-09
  3. ^ GOSLINER, T.M. 1987. Nudibranchs of Southern Africa ISBN 0-930118-13-8
  4. ^ ZSILAVECZ, G. 2007. Nudibranchs of the Cape Peninsula and False Bay. ISBN 0-620-38054-3
  5. ^ LILTVED W.R. 2000. Cowries and their relatives of southern Africa ISBN 0-908420-89-7
  • Burn R. (2006) A checklist and bibliography of the Opisthobranchia (Mollusca: Gastropoda) of Victoria and the Bass Strait area, south-eastern Australia. Museum Victoria Science Reports 10:1–42.

External links[edit]