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24 May 1902|
Kobe, Hyōgo Japan
|Died||28 December 1981
Yokomizo was born in the city of Kobe, Hyōgo Prefecture. He read detective stories as a boy and in 1921, while employed by the Daiichi Bank, published his first story in the popular magazine Shin Seinen ("New Youth"). He graduated from Osaka Pharmaceutical College (currently part of Osaka University) with a degree in pharmacy, and initially intended to take over his family's drug store even though sceptical of the contemporary ahistorical attitude towards drugs. However, drawn by his interest in literature, and the encouragement of Edogawa Rampo, he went to Tokyo instead, where he was hired by the Hakubunkan publishing company in 1926. After serving as editor in chief of several magazines, he resigned in 1932 to devote himself full-time to writing.
Yokomizo was attracted to the literary genre of historical fiction, especially that of the historical detective novel. In July 1934, while resting in the mountains of Nagano to recuperate from tuberculosis, he completed his first novel Onibi, which was published in 1935, although parts were immediately censored by the authorities. Undeterred, Yokomizo followed on his early success with a second novel Ningyo Sashichi torimonocho (1938–1939). However, during World War II, he faced difficulties in getting his works published due to the wartime conditions, and was in severe economic difficulties. The lack of Streptomycin and other antibiotics also meant that his tuberculosis could not be properly treated, and he joked with friends that it was a race to see whether he would die of disease or of starvation.
However, soon after the end of World War II, his works received wide recognition and he developed an enormous fan following. He published many works via Kodansha's Weekly Shōnen Magazine in serialized form, concentrating only on popular mystery novels, based on the orthodox western detective story format, starting with Honjin Satsujin Jiken and Chōchō Satsujin Jinken (both in 1946). His works became the model for postwar Japanese mystery writing. He was also often called the "Japanese John Dickson Carr" after the writer whom he admired.
The Yokomizo Seishi Prize is a literary award established in 1980 by the Kadokawa Shoten publishing company and the Tokyo Broadcasting System in honor of Yokomizo. It is awarded annually to a previously unpublished novel-length mystery. The winner receives a statuette of Kosuke Kindaichi and a cash award of ¥10,000,000, making it one of the richest literary prizes in the world. In addition, the winning story is published by Kadokawa Shoten and dramatized as a television movie by TBS.
- The Case of the Honjin Murder (本陣殺人事件 Honjin satsujin jiken, April 1946); ISBN 978-4-04-130408-2
- Gokumon Island (獄門島 Gokumontō, January 1947 - October 1948); ISBN 978-4-04-130403-7
- Woman Walking at Night (夜歩く Yoru aruku, 1948); ISBN 978-4-04-130407-5
- The Village of Eight Graves (八つ墓村 Yatsuhakamura, March 1949 - March 1951); ISBN 978-4-04-130401-3
- Queen Bee (女王蜂 Jo-o-batchi, June 1951 – May 1952); ISBN 978-4-04-130411-2
- The Inugami Clan (犬神家の一族 Inugamike no Ichizoku, January 1950 - May 1951); ISBN 978-4-925080-76-7
- The Sleeping Bride (睡れる花嫁 Nemureru Hanayome, 1952); ISBN 978-4-04-130497-6.
- The Devil Comes and Plays His Flute (悪魔が来りて笛を吹く Akuma ga kitarite fue o fuku, 1951-1953); ISBN 978-4-04-130404-4
- Three Head Tower (三つ首塔 Mitsu-kubi Tō, 1955); ISBN 978-4-04-130406-8
- Head (首 Kubi, 1957); ISBN 978-4-04-130443-3
- The Tragedy of MaZee Inn (迷路荘の惨劇 Meiro-sō no sangeki); ISBN 978-4-04-130434-1
- A Devilish Temari Song (悪魔の手毬歌 Akuma no Temari Uta, August 1957 – January 1959); ISBN 978-4-04-130402-0
- Pimple on Human Face (人面瘡 Jin-Men-Sō); ISBN 978-4-04-130497-6
- Masquerade (仮面舞踏会 Kamen-Budō-Kai); ISBN 978-4-04-130438-9
- The House of Hanging on Hospital Slope (病院坂の首縊りの家 Byōin-zaka no kubikukuri no ie, December 1975); ISBN 978-4-04-130461-7,; ISBN 978-4-04-130462-4