|Prunella vulgaris (Common Self-heal)|
Most are native to Europe, Asia, and North Africa, but Prunella vulgaris (the Common Self-heal) is Holarctic in distribution, occurring in North America as well, and is a common lawn weed. Prunellas are low-growing plants, and thrive in moist wasteland and grass, spreading rapidly to cover the ground. They are members of the mint family and have the square stem common to mints.
- Prunella albanica Pénzes - Albania
- Prunella × bicolor Beck - parts of Europe (P. grandiflora × P. laciniata)
- Prunella × codinae Sennen - Spain (P. hyssopifolia × P. laciniata)
- Prunella cretensis Gand. - Crete
- Prunella × gentianifolia Pau - Spain (P. hyssopifolia × P. vulgaris)
- Prunella grandiflora (L.) Scholler - central + southern Europe from Caucasus to Russia; Caucasus
- Prunella hyssopifolia L. - Spain, France, Italy, Morocco
- Prunella × intermedia Link - central + southwestern Europe (P. laciniata × P. vulgaris)
- Prunella laciniata (L.) L - central + southern Europe, North Africa, Middle East
- Prunella orientalis Bornm. - Turkey, Syria
- Prunella prunelliformis (Maxim.) Makino - Japan
- Prunella × surrecta Dumort. - central + southwestern Europe (P. grandiflora × P. vulgaris)
- Prunella vulgaris L. - widespread in Europe, North Africa, Asia, North America; naturalized in New Zealand parts of South America
- Prunella vulgaris ssp. aleutica (Fernald) Hultén – Aleutian selfheal
- Prunella vulgaris ssp. lanceolata (W. Bartram) Hultén – lance selfheal
- Prunella vulgaris ssp. vulgaris (L.) – common selfheal
In the Pacific Northwest, its juice was used by the Quinault and the Quileute on boils. They also used the whole plant to treat cuts and inflammations. Ointments can be made by fixing[clarification needed] the plant with grease. Dried Prunella (Chinese: 夏枯草) is used to make a herbal drink.
As a health supplement
Prunella vulgaris is used as an ingredient in some bodybuilding supplements.
- Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
- Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 134 夏枯草 xia ku cao Prunella vulgaris Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 600. 1753.
- Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Prunella includes photos plus range maps for Europe + North America
- "Prunella vulgaris L." www.itis.gov. ITIS. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
- Plant Fact Sheet
- Prunella spike History...