Sendai Subway Namboku Line
|Sendai Subway Namboku Line|
|Owner||Sendai City Transportation Bureau|
|Rolling stock||Sendai Subway 1000 series|
|Line length||14.8 km (9.2 mi)|
|No. of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC overhead wire|
The Sendai Subway Namboku Line (仙台市営地下鉄南北線 Sendai shiei chikatetsu nanbokusen?) is a rapid transit line in Sendai, Japan. It connects Izumi-Chūō Station in Izumi-ku, Sendai, with Tomizawa Station in Taihaku-ku, Sendai. This 1,067 mm gauge line is 14.8 km long has 17 stations and runs on 1,500 volt overhead line. The name "Namboku" means north-south, which is the general direction that the track runs.
The Namboku Line was the world's first public train to use fuzzy logic to control its speed. This system (developed by Hitachi) accounts for the relative smoothness of the starts and stops when compared to other trains, and is 10% more energy efficient than human-controlled acceleration.
|Station No.||Station||Japanese||Distance from previous station (km)||Distance from Tomizawa (km)||Transfers||Location|
|N15||Nagamachi||長町||0.9||2.4||Tōhoku Main Line, Jōban Line|
|N10||Sendai||仙台||0.9||6.3||Tōhoku Shinkansen, Tōhoku Main Line, Senzan Line, Senseki Line (at Aoba-dōri Station), Jōban Line|
- 1981 - Construction started
- July 15, 1987 - Line opened from Yaotome to Tomizawa.
- July 15, 1992 - Line extended from Yaotome to Izumi-Chūō.
- March 11, 2011 - Damaged in the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami and subsequently shut down for repairs.
- April 29, 2011 - Line reopens after repair works were finished.
- 1000 series 4-car EMUs
- Andrew Pollack (April 2, 1989). "Fuzzy Computer Theory: How to Mimic the Mind?". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-10-31.
- Philip Elmer-DeWitt (September 25, 1989). "Time For Some Fuzzy Thinking". Time. Retrieved 2007-10-31.
- Kyodo News, "Sendai subway to fully resume operation April 29, earlier than planned", 6 April 2011.