Shani Mootoo

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Shani Mootoo
Mootoo with her book, Moving Forward Sideways Like a Crab
Mootoo with her book, Moving Forward Sideways Like a Crab
BornDublin, Ireland

Shani Mootoo, writer, visual artist and video maker, was born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1957 to Trinidadian parents. She grew up in Trinidad and relocated at the age of 19 to Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. She currently lives in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


Early life and education[edit]

At an early age Mootoo showed a talent for drawing, painting, and writing, and expressed interest in becoming an artist at the age of 10. Her early efforts were encouraged by her mother Indra (née Samaroo). Mootoo's father, Ramesh Mootoo, was a medical family doctor and Trinidadian politician. Much of Shani Mootoo's personal and literary life has been focused on political activism. According to Mootoo, her parents were upset by some of her earliest poems because they described love between two men or love between two women. She has also said that her parents worried for what those themes might mean for her future, which is why she put her words away and chose to paint instead. She claims that she came back to writing accidentally and expressed a worry that she was not a writer but a painter first.[1] As an adult, Mootoo has discussed being sexually assaulted by one of her grandfather's friends.[2]

Mootoo earned a Fine Arts BFA Degree at the University of Western Ontario in 1980 and an MA in English and Theatre from the University of Guelph, 2010. As a multimedia visual artist in Vancouver and New York City, where she lived from 1994 to 1999, she explored in her paintings, photographs and videos themes of gender, sexuality, and race. The themes of her work resonated with Mootoo's experiences as an adolescent in Trinidad and as an immigrant adult in Canada. Her visual art and video work have traveled and been acclaimed internationally. She is now teaching the Creative Writing Program at the University of Toronto.[3]

Visual and video art[edit]

Mootoo's visual art and video work have been exhibited internationally, including at the New York Museum of Modern Art. On the topic of her visual work, Mootoo has said that as a victim of child abuse she found it safer to use pictures rather than words.[4][5] Mootoo uses her art as a way to deal with the trauma of her childhood and has discussed feelings of confusion as to why the universe would let child abuse happen, while also claiming that as a survivor, she and all those that have suffered at the hands of abusers must come to terms with the trauma and understand what to do with suffering.[6] Mootoo's film and video work was revisited by Rungh in its program Longing and Belonging: 1990s South Asian Film and Video which was a featured program at the 2019 DOXA Documentary Film Festival. Mootoo reflected on her film and video work in the 1990s in a newly commissioned article, Streams Coming Together: 1990s video in Vancouver and beyond.

Literary career[edit]

Mootoo's first literary publication, Out on Main Street, a collection of short stories, was solicited by the Vancouver-based feminist publishing house Press Gang in 1993 and was the beginning of her literary career. Her first full-length novel, Cereus Blooms at Night, published by Press Gang in 1996, was shortlisted for the Scotia Bank Giller Prize in 1997, the Ethel Wilson Fiction Prize, and the Chapters Books in Canada First Novel Award. It has been published in 15 countries and won the New England Book Sellers Award in 1998.[3] Set on a tropical island, the novel is narrated by a male nurse and caretaker, and explores trauma, madness and redemption, the legacies of sexual abuse, and the boundaries between heterosexual and homosexual desire.[7]

In 2002, Mootoo followed her first novel with a collection of poetry, The Predicament of Or.

Mootoo's second full-length novel, He Drown She in the Sea, was published in 2005. It made the long list for the International Dublin Literary Award in 2007.[8]

Mootoo's 2008 novel, Valmiki's Daughter, is set in San Fernando, Trinidad, and depicts a father and daughter who struggle to come to terms with secrets. Mootoo has said that the story is about a father trying to help his daughter from leading the same kind of closeted life that he has led.[9] Viveka and her father's lives are each underpinned by the constraints of class and race, and most importantly by the sexual conventions of their society. Set against its strongly evoked backdrop of place, the novel charts Viveka's coming to terms with the hard understanding that love faces society's obstacles, and her knowledge of her certain survival. Valmiki's Daughter was long-listed for 2009's Scotiabank Giller Prize.[10] In an interview Mootoo has explained her realization that she had written about food on almost every page of Valmiki's Daughter without realizing so. She discusses the importance of food and entertaining people in Trinidadian Culture, as well as in her life and her other work.[9]

Mootoo's two most recent novels, Moving Forward Sideways like a Crab (2014) and Polar Vortex (2020), were also shortlisted for the Giller Prize.[11]

Mootoo's novels are found on course lists in the Departments of English, Liberal Arts, Women's Studies, and Cultural Studies at universities in the Caribbean, Canada, the United States, England, Europe, India, and Australia.

Mootoo's literary papers are held at Simon Fraser University Special Collections and Rare Books. The fonds contain "printed typescripts of published works with drafts and related working papers, published reviews, drafts of unpublished works, lecture notes, professional correspondence, notebooks and sketchbooks, video productions in VHS format, audio materials and works of visual art".[12]

In 2022 the Writers' Trust of Canada awarded Mootoo its Writers' Trust Engel/Findley Award for her body of work.[13]

Other projects[edit]

Mootoo has served as writer in residence at the University of Alberta, the University of Guelph and the University of the West Indies, as a visiting scholar at Mills College in California, US, and frequently speaks and read internationally. In 2008, the University of the West Indies, Cave Hill, Barbados, hosted a "Symposium on the Fictions of Shani Mootoo in the Context of Caribbean Women's Writings".

In 2009, she served on the jury for the Dayne Ogilvie Prize, a literary award for emerging LGBT writers in Canada, selecting Debra Anderson as that year's prize winner.[14]

Mootoo has spoken out against child abuse and in 1989 she addressed Sex Offenders at Stave Lake Correctional Centre about being a survivor of child abuse and suffering.

Videos written, directed and filmed by Shani Mootoo[edit]

Selected visual art exhibitions and video screenings[edit]



  1. ^ "Shani Mootoo: 2012 Literature Award Winner". YouTube. Archived from the original on 22 December 2021.
  2. ^ Shani Mootoo (2000), 'Shani Mootoo', Journal of Lesbian Studies, 4:4, 107-113, 109.
  3. ^ a b "UWA Publishing". Archived from the original on 18 May 2013.
  4. ^ "Canadian Lit & Culture".
  5. ^ "Writer's History". Archived from the original on 19 December 2013.
  6. ^ "Writers History". Archived from the original on 19 December 2013.
  7. ^ Andrew Vowles, "A New Write of Passage", People at Guelph, Volume 53, No. 16, October 28, 2009.
  8. ^ "Shani Mootoo" Archived 2011-01-08 at the Wayback Machine, Sawnet Bookshelf.
  9. ^ a b "An interview with Shani Mootoo". YouTube. Archived from the original on 22 December 2021.
  10. ^ Maureen Phillips, "Book review: Valmiki's Daughter - Shani Mootoo crafts treacherous seas", November 25, 2008.
  11. ^ "Shani Mootoo » Oeno Gallery". Retrieved 29 April 2023.
  12. ^ "Shani Mootoo Fonds" (PDF). Simon Fraser University.
  13. ^ Deborah Dundas, "Writers’ Trust 2022 book award winners collect $270,000 in prizes". Toronto Star, November 2, 2022.
  14. ^ "Code write" Archived 2013-06-16 at Xtra!, June 18, 2009.

External links[edit]