Shattered Glass (film)
|Directed by||Billy Ray|
|Written by||Billy Ray|
|Based on||An article by Buzz Bissinger|
|Narrated by||Hayden Christensen|
|Music by||Mychael Danna|
|Edited by||Jeffrey Ford|
|Box office||$2.9 million|
Shattered Glass is a 2003 American-Canadian drama film written and directed by Billy Ray. The screenplay is based on a September 1998 Vanity Fair article by H. G. Bissinger. In it he chronicled the rapid rise of Stephen Glass' journalistic career at The New Republic during the mid-1990s and his steep fall when his widespread journalistic fraud was exposed.
The film, starring Hayden Christensen, Peter Sarsgaard, Chloë Sevigny, Hank Azaria, Melanie Lynskey, and Steve Zahn, premiered at the 2003 Toronto International Film Festival on August 10, 2003 before screening at multiple film festivals, ultimately receiving a North American limited release on November 26, 2003. The film, although not a box office success, was well received critically.
Stephen Glass is a reporter at The New Republic, where he has made a name for himself for writing colorful stories. His editor, Michael Kelly, is revered by the magazine's young staff. When David Keene (at the time Chairman of the American Conservative Union) questions Glass' description of minibars and the drunken antics of Young Republicans at a convention, Kelly backs his reporter when Glass admits to one mistake but says the rest is true.
Kelly is fired after he stands up to his boss Marty Peretz on an unrelated personnel issue, and fellow writer Charles "Chuck" Lane is promoted to replace him. Glass publishes an entertaining story titled "Hack Heaven" about a teenage hacker named Ian Restil who was given a lucrative job at software company Jukt Micronics after hacking into their computer system. After the article is published, Adam Penenberg, a reporter at Forbes Digital Tool, begins researching the story in order to discover how Glass scooped them. Penenberg is unable to uncover any corroborating evidence for Glass' story and brings his concerns to The New Republic.
Lane becomes suspicious when Glass cannot provide sources for his article and when the few pieces of concrete evidence are discovered to be a Palo Alto voicemail box and an amateurish website representing Jukt Micronics, where every call goes directly to voicemail. Penenberg and a colleague (Rosario Dawson) can find no proof Jukt or an Ian Restil even exist. Lane drives Glass to a hotel where the hacker convention supposedly took place. Despite frantic attempts at spin from Glass, Lane discovers that the convention room at the hotel was not open the day the convention supposedly took place and that the restaurant where they supposedly ate dinner closed in the early afternoon.
Glass finally admits to Lane that he wasn't actually at the hacker convention, but relied on sources for information. Lane is outraged, but proceeds cautiously after telling Glass that he wants the truth from now on. He suspends Glass, earning him the enmity of the staff reporters, who all like Glass; Caitlin Avey, Glass' friend and fellow writer at the magazine, is so angered she considers quitting. When a colleague calls Lane to express concern for Glass' state of mind, he also reveals that Glass has a brother in Palo Alto, and Chuck realizes the brother must have posed as the president of Jukt Micronics.
Glass pleads for another chance, but Lane orders him out of the office and takes his security access card. Searching through back issues of The New Republic, Lane realizes that much, if not all, of Glass' previous work was falsified. When an emotional Glass returns to the office, Lane fires him. Caitlin accuses Lane of wanting to get rid of everyone who was loyal to Michael Kelly, but he challenges her to act like the good reporter she is. He reminds her that half of the falsified stories were published on Kelly's watch and that the entire staff will have to apologize to their readers for allowing Glass to continue to hand in fictitious stories.
The following day, a receptionist wryly remarks to Lane that all this trouble could have been averted if the stories required photographs. Lane discovers the staff has written an apology to their readers. They spontaneously applaud their editor, signifying their unity. At a meeting with Glass and a lawyer, Lane is told the entire truth. Glass, in effect, admits that twenty-seven of the articles he wrote were fabricated in whole or in part. An epilogue reveals that Glass has decided to attend law school.
- Hayden Christensen as Stephen Glass
- Peter Sarsgaard as Charles Lane
- Chloë Sevigny as Caitlin Avey - a fictional character based on Hanna Rosin
- Hank Azaria as Michael Kelly
- Melanie Lynskey as Amy Brand
- Steve Zahn as Adam Penenberg
- Rosario Dawson as Andy Fox
- Ted Kotcheff as Marty Peretz
- Owen Rotharmel as Ian Restil
- Bill Rowat as George Sims
- Mark Blum as Lewis Estridge
- Simone-Élise Girard as Catarina Bannier
- Chad Donella as David Bach
- Jamie Elman as Aaron Bluth
- Luke Kirby as Rob Gruen
- Cas Anvar as Kambiz Foroohar
Producer Craig Baumgarten, working with HBO executive Gaye Hirsch, optioned H.G. Bissinger's Vanity Fair magazine article about Stephen Glass for an HBO original movie. They hired screenwriter Billy Ray based on the script he had written for the TNT film Legalese. Ray grew up with Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein as his heroes and studied journalism for a year. It was this love for journalism that motivated him to make Shattered Glass.
A sudden change in management put the film into turnaround and it remained inactive for two years until Cruise/Wagner Productions bought it from HBO. They took it to Lionsgate and Ray asked the studio if he could direct in addition to writing it. Ray stuck with the project because he knew Bissinger, having previously adapted one of his books, Friday Night Lights. The challenge for Ray was to make the subject matter watchable because, according to the filmmaker, "watching people write is deadly dull ... in a film like this, dialogue is what a character is willing to reveal about himself, and the camera is there to capture everything else". The breakthrough for Ray came when he realized that the film's real protagonist was not Glass but Chuck Lane. According to Ray, "as fascinating as Stephen Glass is by the end of the movie people would want to kill themselves – you just can't follow him all the way". He used the Bissinger article as a starting point, which gave him a line of dialogue on which to hook the entire character of Glass: "Are you mad at me?" According to Ray, "you can build an entire character around that notion, and we did".
To prepare for the film, Ray interviewed and re-interviewed key figures for any relevant details. He signed some of them as paid consultants and gave several approval over the script. Early on, he spent a considerable amount of time trying to earn the trust of the people who had worked with Glass and get them to understand that he was going to be objective with the subject matter. The real Michael Kelly was so unhappy about how he was portrayed in Bissinger's article that he threatened to sue when Ray first contacted him about the film and refused for two years to read Ray's script, which he eventually approved. Ray attempted to contact Glass through his lawyers but was unsuccessful. Lionsgate lawyers asked Ray to give them an annotated script where he had to footnote every line of dialogue and every assertion and back them up with corresponding notes.
The night before principal photography began in Montreal, Ray screened All the President's Men for the cast and crew. He shot both halves of the film differently – in the first half, he used hand-held cameras in the scenes that took place in the offices of The New Republic, but when the Forbes editors begin to question Glass, the camerawork was more stable.
Ray's original cut of the film was a much more straightforward account of events but while editing the film he realized that it was not good enough. He raised additional funds to shoot the high school scenes that bookend the film.
On April 3, 2003, a little more than six months before the film was released, Michael Kelly was killed while reporting on the invasion of Iraq. The film is dedicated to his memory.
Shattered Glass premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival and was shown at the Telluride Film Festival, the Boston Film Festival, the Woodstock Film Festival, the Mill Valley Film Festival, and the Austin Film Festival before opening on eight screens in New York City and Los Angeles on October 31, 2003. It grossed $77,540 on its opening weekend. It eventually earned $2,220,008 in North America and $724,744 in foreign markets for a total worldwide box office of $2,944,752.
The film received positive reviews from critics. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a 91% "fresh" rating, based on 166 reviews, with an average rating of 7.7/10. The site's consensus states: "A compelling look at Stephen Glass' fall from grace." On Metacritic, the film has a score of 73 out of 100, based on 38 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
A. O. Scott of The New York Times described the film as "a serious, well-observed examination of the practice of journalism," and "an astute and surprisingly gripping drama." He added, "A more showily ambitious film might have tried to delve into Glass's personal history in search of an explanation for his behavior, or to draw provocative connections between that behavior and the cultural and political climate of the times. Such a movie would also have been conventional, facile and ultimately false. Mr. Ray knows better than to sensationalize a story about the dangers of sensationalism. Shattered Glass is good enough to be true". Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three-and-a-half stars out of four and felt the film was well-cast and "deserves comparison with All the President's Men among movies about journalism". In a dissenting review from The Village Voice, J. Hoberman dismissed the film as "self-important yet insipid," and asks, "Shattered Glass begs a larger question: What sort of culture elevates Glass for his entertainment value, punishes him for being too entertaining, rewards his notoriety, and then resurrects him again as a moral object lesson?"
Sarsgaard's performance as Charles Lane was singled out by several critics for praise. USA Today gave the film three-and-a-half stars out of four and wrote of him: "Sarsgaard deserves more credit than he'll probably get for his multi-layered performance". Premiere's Glenn Kenny wrote, "it's Peter Sarsgaard, as the editor who serves Glass his just desserts (sic), who walks away with the picture, metamorphosing his character's stiffness into a moral indignation that's jolting and, finally, invigorating". His performance ended up winning numerous awards, including "Best Supporting Actor" citations from the Boston Society of Film Critics, Kansas City Film Critics Circle, National Society of Film Critics, Online Film Critics Society, San Francisco Film Critics Circle, and the Toronto Film Critics Association, as well as nominations from the Independent Spirit Awards and the Golden Globes. The A.V. Club placed his portrayal of Chuck Lane at number six on a list of the best performances of the decade.
Stephen Glass saw the film and, when reflecting about the experience, he said, "It was very painful for me. It was like being on a guided tour of the moments of my life I am most ashamed of".
Awards and nominations
- Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture (Peter Sarsgaard, nominee)
- Independent Spirit Award for Best Film (nominee)
- Independent Spirit Award for Best Screenplay (nominee)
- Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Male (Sarsgaard, nominee)
- Independent Spirit Award for Best Cinematography (nominee)
- Satellite Award for Best Adapted Screenplay (nominee)
- Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama (Hayden Christensen, nominee)
- Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor (Sarsgaard, winner)
- Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor (Sarsgaard, nominee)
- Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor (Sarsgaard, winner)
- Las Palmas de Gran Canaria International Film Festival Award for Best Actor (Sarsgaard and Christensen, winners)
- National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor (Sarsgaard, winner)
- San Francisco Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor (Sarsgaard, winner)
- Toronto Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor (Sarsgaard, winner)
- Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor (Sarsgaard, nominee)
- Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Adapted Screenplay (nominee)
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- "Movie Shattered Glass". The Numbers. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- "Shattered Glass". Box Office Mojo. 2004-01-29. Retrieved 2011-08-23.
- Bissinger, Buzz (September 1998). "Shattered Glass". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 2011-08-23.
- "Shattered Glass (2003)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved December 26, 2010.
- David Plotz (Sep 30, 2003), "Steve and Me: How accurate a portrayal of journalism is Shattered Glass?", Slate
- Jonathan V. Last (Oct 30, 2003), "Stopping Stephen Glass", The Weekly Standard
- Bowen, Peter (Fall 2003). "Confirm or Deny". Filmmaker magazine. Retrieved 2009-08-13.
- Carr, David (October 19, 2003). "Film: Authors of Their Own Demise; The Real Star of Stephen Glass's Movie". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-08-13.
- Bear, Liz (October 28, 2003). "Journalist as the Bad Guy". Indiewire. Retrieved 2009-08-13.
- P, Ken (March 24, 2004). "Interview: Billy Ray". IGN. Retrieved 2009-08-13.
- Horgan, Richard (October 22, 2003). "Glass Shards". FilmStew. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved 2009-08-13.
- "Shattered Glass reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved December 26, 2010.
- Scott, A.O. (October 31, 2003). "A Young Writer's Ambition, With Loyalty and Betrayal". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- Ebert, Roger (November 7, 2003). "Shattered Glass". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- Hoberman, J (October 28, 2003). "Telling Lies in America". The Village Voice. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- Clark, Mike (October 30, 2003). "'Glass' puts the pieces together". USA Today. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- Kenny, Glenn (October 29, 2003). "Shattered Glass". Premiere. Archived from the original on January 31, 2010. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- Murray, Noel; et al. (December 1, 2009). "The best film performances of the '00s". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 2009-01-06.
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