Siaolin Village

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Coordinates: 23°09′45″N 120°38′40″E / 23.162497°N 120.644388°E / 23.162497; 120.644388

Siaolin Village
小林里
俯瞰日光小林.jpg
Siaolin, Jiasian.svg
LocationJiasian, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Remains of the village after Typhoon Morakot.

Siaolin Village[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11] (also Xiaolin Village; Siao-Lin Village[4]) (Chinese: 小林里; Hanyu Pinyin: Xiǎolín; Tongyong Pinyin: Siǎolín; Wade–Giles: Hsiao-Lin) is a village in the rural district of Jiasian District, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. It is in a largely agricultural area and was destroyed by a landslide during Typhoon Morakot in 2009.[12] Siaolin is also one of the biggest community of indigenous Taivoan people.

History[edit]

Due to the influx of Siraya people in early 18th century to Yujin Basin, Taivoan people started to migrate from Tainan to Kaohsiung between 1722 and 1744. Nearly 150 years later, some Taivoan people from Aliguan in Kaohsiung further migrated to a river terrace 10 km to the north of Aliguan for hunting. During the Japanese Occupation Period, in order to have Taivoan people counter the Mountain Indigenous people so as to control the camphor forest in Jiasian and Namasia, Japanese government collectively moved more Taivoan people to the river terrace, which later became Siaolin Village in 1904, said to be named after the family name of the local Japanese police officer Kobayashi (Hiragana: こばやし; Chinese: 小林; Tongyong Pinyin: Siǎolín).

Typhoon Morakot[edit]

Typhoon Morakot brought more than 60% of the average rainfall (about 2440–3270 mm) and 85% of the total rainfall in 2009.[13][14] This excessive rainfall from Typhoon Morakot resulted in a landslide to occur at 6:17 a.m. on 9 August 2009.[13]

Impacts and Casualties[edit]

There are two parts of Siaolin Village, north and south. The north part is located at a lower elevation and was completely wiped out by the landslide while the south part was unaffected. Main sediment had only buried part of the village, but an artificial dam broke, burying the rest of it.[13][14] The entire village was nearly razed to the ground, leaving one building standing.[12]

Over 600 residents were believed to have been buried alive, while 150 residents were transported to safety after the disaster.[12] Some people remained trapped several days after the disaster and was in urgent need for assistance.[15]

Tourism and agriculture, the village's main industry, were put to a complete halt in the village.[13] The Qishan River became dammed because of the debris (otherwise known as a landslide dam), affecting the ecosystem in the river and surrounding area.[13]

Aftermath[edit]

Rescuers and soldiers were dispatched by the government to look for survivors, but arrival was slow due to the amount of debris and continuous fall of rain.[15] Measurements were also taken and the average depth of the landslide was approximated to be 44.6 mm.[13]

Over 400 people died because of this mass movement of land, and, even though this high death toll and devastation was not directly a result of flooding or winds but by another disaster created by excessive saturation of the land, Typhoon Morakot became the deadliest typhoon to hit Taiwan since the establishment of Taiwan's typhoon warning system in 1992.[13]

On 15 January 2011, a ground-breaking ceremony was held for Xiaolin No. 2 at a plot of land where 120 permanent houses will be built for survivors of the landslide.[16] On 15 January 2012, the Xiaolin Village Memorial Park was opened to commemorate the victims.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minister Wu Visits the "Exhibition of Technologies That Make Life Easier"". Ministry of Education. 14 November 2009. Retrieved 29 July 2019. Students from the Geography Department of National Taiwan Normal University demonstrated the 3D Web GIS, showing the changed landscape of Siaolin Village after Typhoon Morakot.
  2. ^ "Siaolin Village Memorial Park". Construction of Public Works Bureau, Kaohsiung City Government. Retrieved 29 July 2019. Siaolin Village Memorial Park
  3. ^ "Cemetery of Zhenghaijun in Jiasian". Jiasian District Office. Retrieved 29 July 2019. They established a camp at the present Wulipu of Siaolin Village, but due to the heat of summer, there was too much harmful vapors in the air, and numerous soldiers got ill and died.
  4. ^ a b "History". Jiasian District Office. Retrieved 29 July 2019. The place was renamed as Aliguan sub-district official building during the 32nd year of Guangsyu era (1906), with the additional establishment of Aliguan and Dongdaciouyuan police stations, as well as a station at Siaolin.{...}There are in total 103 neighborhoods within the seven villages of Dong-An, Si-An, He-An, Da-Tian, Bao-Long, Guan-Shan and Siao-Lin etc. in this township.
  5. ^ "Nearby Attractions 鄰近景點". 小林平埔族群文物館 Xiaolin Pingpu Cultural Museum. Retrieved 29 July 2019. Siaolin Village site
  6. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved 29 July 2019. 高雄甲仙區小林國民小學 Siaolin Elementary School
  7. ^ "The people dance under the stars". PINGTUNG County Government. Retrieved 29 July 2019. Jiarueipu and Siaolin Village in Kaohsiung is separated by Kaoping River.
  8. ^ Siaolin (Variant - V) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  9. ^ Wang Jung-hsiang, Jake Chung (4 April 2019). "Kaohsiung to pay compensation to Siaolin survivors". Taipei Times. Retrieved 29 July 2019. Kaohsiung Mayor Han Kuo-yu, center, yesterday announces the Kaohsiung City Government’s acceptance of a Taiwan High Court ruling on compensation for victims of a landslide in Siaolin Village.{...}The Kaohsiung City Government is to budget an additional NT$32 million (US$1.04 million) for compensation of 15 Siaolin Village (小林) survivors and would not appeal a Taiwan High Court ruling, Kaohsiung Mayor Han Kuo-yu (韓國瑜) said yesterday.{...}Typhoon Morakot in 2009 left 381 people dead and 16 missing in Siaolin, part of Jiasian Township (甲仙) in then-Kaohsiung County.
  10. ^ Cheng, T. H.; Chen, Y. H. (December 2018). "Implication of clay minerals in the source area of slide of Siaolin village in Taiwan". SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System. Retrieved 29 July 2019. The typhoon of Morakot attacked Taiwan in 2009, which caused disastrous damages in the south of Taiwan,especially Siaolin Village at Kaohsiung county.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  11. ^ Kahn-Bao Wu (October 2018). "The automatic detection of landslide features from LiDAR DEM using modifying contour connection method". Retrieved 29 July 2019. One of the most affected areas, Siaolin village at Kaohsiung city, was buried by deep-seated landslides in Taiwan. From this disaster, Government realized that deep-seated landslides are the hazard needed to be detected and monitored
  12. ^ a b c "600 believed buried alive at Siaolin". 2009-08-14. Retrieved 2011-01-16.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g Chen, Su-Chin; Liu, Ko-Fei; Chen, Lien-Kuang; Wu, Chun-Hung; Wang, Fawu; Wei, Shih-Chao (2013). Catastrophic Deep-Seated Landslide at Siaolin Village in Taiwan Induced by 2009.8.9 Typhoon Morakot. Environmental Science and Engineering. pp. 401–419. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-29107-4_23. ISBN 978-3-642-29106-7.
  14. ^ a b Wu, Chun-Hung; Chen, Su-Chin; Feng, Zheng-Yi (2013-05-02). "Formation, failure, and consequences of the Xiaolin landslide dam, triggered by extreme rainfall from Typhoon Morakot, Taiwan". Landslides. 11 (3): 357–367. doi:10.1007/s10346-013-0394-4. ISSN 1612-510X.
  15. ^ a b "Hundreds missing after Xiaolin mudslides - Taipei Times". www.taipeitimes.com. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
  16. ^ "Ma launches New Cishan Bridge". Taipei Times. 2011-01-16. Retrieved 2011-01-16.