From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Sikyong of the Central Tibetan Administration
Emblem of Tibet.svg
Lobsang Sangay, Tibetan Prime Minister.jpg
Lobsang Sangay

since 8 August 2011
Residence Kashag
Dharamsala, India
Appointer Direct popular vote
Term length 5 years
Inaugural holder Jangsa Tsang
Formation 31 March 1959
as Kalön Tripa of the CTA
8 August 2011

The President of the Central Tibetan Administration,[1] officially Sikyong (Tibetan: སྲིད་སྐྱོང༌Wylie: srid-skyong, Lhasa dialect IPA: sícóŋ; Chinese: 司政; pinyin: sīzhèng) is the leader of the Central Tibetan Administration, a Tibetan exile organisation also known as the Tibetan Government-in-Exile. Prior to September, 2012, this office was known as Kalön Tripa, sometimes translated as prime minister.[2] The current Sikyong is Lobsang Sangay. The Sikyong is the head of the Kashag or Cabinet, part of the executive branch of the Central Tibetan Administration. This office should not be confused with the Chairman of the government of the Tibet Autonomous Region.

The first directly elected Kalön Tripa was Lobsang Tenzin, the Samdhong Rinpoche, who was elected August 20, 2001.[3]

Before 2011, the Kalön Tripa position was subordinate to the 14th Dalai Lama[4] who presided over the government in exile from its founding.[5] In August of that year, Lobsang Sangay polled 55 per cent votes out of 49,189, defeating his nearest rival Tethong Tenzin Namgyal by 8,646 votes,[citation needed] becoming the second popularly elected Kalon Tripa. The Dalai Lama announced that his political authority would be transferred to Sangay.[6]

Change to Sikyong[edit]

On September 20, 2012, the 15th Tibetan Parliament-in-Exile unanimously voted to change the title of Kalön Tripa to Sikyong in Article 19 of the Charter of the Tibetans in exile and relevant articles.[7] The Dalai Lama had previously referred to the Kalon Tripa as Sikyong, and this usage was cited as the primary justification for the name change. According to Tibetan Review, "Sikyong" translates to "political leader", as distinct from "spiritual leader".[8] Foreign affairs Kalon Dicki Chhoyang claimed that the term "Sikyong" has had a precedent dating back to the 7th Dalai Lama, and that the name change "ensures historical continuity and legitimacy of the traditional leadership from the fifth Dalai Lama".[9] The online Dharma Dictionary translates sikyong (srid skyong) as "secular ruler; regime, regent"[2]. The title sikyong had previously been used by regents who ruled Tibet during the Dalai Lama's minority. It is also used in Tibetan to refer to the governors of the states of the United States.[3]

List of Kalön Tripas and Sikyong of the Kingdom of Tibet and Central Tibetan Administration[citation needed][edit]

Kingdom of Tibet[edit]

# Name Took Office Left Office Monarch
1 Chankyim Trekhang Thupten Shakya Chankyim Trekhang Thupten Shakya.jpg 1907 1920 Thirteenth Dalai Lama Thubten Gyatso.jpg
Dalai Lama
Thubten Gyatso
(1879 – 1933)
2 Paljor Dorje Shatra Paljor Dorje Shatra.jpg 1907 1923
3 Sholkhang 13th Dalai Lama 1910 in India.png 1907 1926
4 Langdün Künga Wangchuk Langdun Kunga Wangchuk 6.jpg 1926 1940
5 Lobsang Tashi 本珠仓·洛桑扎西.jpg 1950 1952
Lukhangwa 鲁康娃·泽旺饶登.jpg 1950 1952 Tenzin Gyatso as a young boy.jpg
Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso
(reigned in Tibet 1937 – 1950; 1937 onwards as Dalai Lama)

Central Tibetan Administration[edit]

# Name Took Office Left Office Head of State
1 Jangsa Tsangy No image.png 1959 1960
Dalai Lama 1430 Luca Galuzzi 2007.jpg

Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso
(reigned in exile 1950 – 2011; 1937 onwards as Dalai Lama)
2 Surkhang Wangchen Gelek Wangchen Geleg Surkhang, Phuntsog Rabgye Ragashar.jpg 1960 1964
3 Shenkha Gurmey Topgyal 先喀·居美多吉(夏苏)、洛桑扎西、柳霞·土登塔巴.jpg 1965 1970
4 Garang Lobsang Rigzin No image.png 1970 1975
5 Kunling Woeser Gyaltsen No image.png 1975 1980
6 Wangdue Dorjee No image.png 1980 1985
7 Juchen Thupten Namgyal Voa Juchen Thupten Namgyal 480.jpg 1985 1990
8 Kalsang Yeshi No image.png 1990 1991
9 Gyalo Thondup Gyalo Thondup.jpg 1991 1993
10 Tenzin Tethong Tenzin Tethong.jpg 1993 1996
11 Sonam Topgyal Sonam Topgyal.jpg 1996 2001
12 Lobsang Tenzin Samdhong Rinpoche Lobsang Tenzin crop.JPG 2001 2011
13 Lobsang Sangay Lobsang Sangay, Tibetan Prime Minister.jpg 2011 Present
Lobsang Sangay, Tibetan Prime Minister.jpg

Lobsang Sangay
(2011 – Present)


  1. ^ "President Is the English Title for Sikyong". Central Tibetan Administration. May 6, 2017. Retrieved May 15, 2017. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Donovan Roebert, Samdhong Rinpoche: Uncompromising Truth for a Compromised World (World Wisdom, 2006) ISBN 978-1-933316-20-8 (On August 20, 2001, Venerable Professor Samdhong Rinpoche was elected Kalon Tripa (Prime Minister) of the Tibetan Government in Exile, receiving 84.5% of the popular exile vote.)
  4. ^ The Charter of Tibetans in-Exile, Article 20 of the Constitution of Tibet, retrieved 2010-03-19.
  5. ^ The Charter of Tibetans in-Exile, Articles 19, 30, & 31 of the Constitution of Tibet, retrieved 2010-03-19.
  6. ^ Dean Nelson Lobsang Sangay: profile, The Telegraph, 08 Aug 2011
  7. ^ Tibetan Parliament changes 'Kalon Tripa' to 'Sikyong'
  8. ^ "Kalon Tripa to be now referred to as Sikyong". Tibetan Review. 2012-09-22. Archived from the original on 2013-10-17. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  9. ^ "International Support Groups Meet in Dharamsala to Deal with Critical Situation In Tibet". Central Tibetan Administration. 2012-11-16. 

External links[edit]