Sister Simone in 2012 with "Nuns on the Bus"
October 22, 1945
|Alma mater||Mount St. Mary's College |
UC Davis School of Law
|Occupation||Religious Sister |
Simone Campbell, SSS (born October 22, 1945), is an American Roman Catholic Religious Sister, lawyer, lobbyist and executive director of NETWORK. She belongs to the Sisters of Social Service. She is known as an outspoken advocate for social justice.
Early life and education
When Campbell was born in Santa Monica, California, to parents who had recently moved from Colorado, she was given the first name "Mary" in honor of her paternal grandmother. She was the eldest of four siblings. She joined the Sisters of Social Service, an international Roman Catholic religious congregation rooted in the Benedictine tradition, in 1964 and took her final vows in 1973, adopting the name "Simone." She received a bachelor's degree in 1969 from Mount St. Mary's College in Los Angeles.
In 1978 Campbell founded the Community Law Center in Oakland, California, which she served for the next 18 years as its lead attorney. She practiced family law and worked on the needs of the working poor of her county in Probate Court.
Campbell was first recruited to lead NETWORK in 2004 and continues to serve as its executive director.
In March 2010, the United States Congress debated reforms to healthcare, known as the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (H. R. 3590). As a part of her work with NETWORK, Campbell wrote the "nuns' letter" supporting the reforms and asked leaders of women's religious orders to sign it. Sixty heads of religious orders and umbrella groups signed and the letter was sent to all members of Congress. The U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, the official voice of the Catholic Church in the United States, did not support the healthcare reforms. The letter contributed to the momentum in favor of the legislation. Campbell attended the signing ceremony for the law and received a hug of gratitude from President Obama.
Campbell led the Nuns on the Bus project, in which she also participated. Campbell and a small group of religious sisters (commonly, "nuns") make tours on a dedicated bus to highlight social issues. In 2012, the first year of the project, the Nuns aimed to draw attention to nuns' work with the poor and to protest planned aid cuts. In honor of her advocacy work she was the 2014 recipient of the Pacem in Terris Peace and Freedom Award, which commemorates the 1963 encyclical of Saint John XXIII of the same name.
Campbell addressed the Democratic National Convention held in September 2012.
Campbell was targeted by then Pope Benedict XVI in his investigation of American nuns. Pope Francis, mindful of American Catholics' negative views on the criticism of their nuns, put an abrupt end to the Vatican investigation and welcomed their representatives to a conciliatory meeting.
Unlike some members of the U.S. Conference of Bishops, Campbell supported the Affordable Care Act. both as a matter of social justice and as a better way to eliminate abortion rather than through criminalization. She said: "From my perspective, I don't think it's a good policy to outlaw abortion. I think, rather, let's focus on economic development for women and economic opportunity. That's what really makes the change."
With regard to sexual abuse committed by clergy and covered up in the Catholic Church, Campbell noted in 2017 that she found it "outrageous" that the church was failing to sufficiently address sexual abuse and clerical accountability.
- Sister Simone Campbell; David Gibson (2014). A nun on the bus: how all of us can create hope, change, and community. New York, NY: HarperOne. ISBN 978-0062273543.
- Campbell, Simone (2014). A Nun on the Bus.p. 1
- "Simone Campbell, SSS". Network.
- "Our Ministries". Sisters of Social Service. Archived from the original on October 25, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "Simone Campbell - How to Be Spiritually Bold". On Being with Krista Tippett. Retrieved June 11, 2015.
- Boorstein, Michelle (March 18, 2010). "Dissent among Catholics seen as nuns' groups back health bill". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
- Landsberg, Mitchell (March 18, 2010). "Nuns in U.S. back healthcare bill despite Catholic bishops' opposition". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
- Anderssen, Erin (March 26, 2010). "Sisters' Obamacare Lobby Second to Nun: Nuns say Catholic bishops' blustered on abortions". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
- Campbell, Sister Simone, SSS (June 7, 2013). "New Orleans, LA - Site Visit". Network: Nuns on the Bus. Archived from the original on June 10, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Linda Cook (September 22, 2014). "'Nuns on the Bus' leader receives peace award". Quad-City Times. Retrieved September 22, 2014.
- USA Today, (April 16, 2015)
- further straining her ties with the Church
- "Society Is Failing Our Families: Sister Simone Campbell on Inequality, Donald Trump & Women's Health". Democracy Now!. August 1, 216. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
- A Nun on the Bus: How All of Us Can Create Hope, Change, and Community Simone Campbell, Author
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