Sir William Drury
Sir William Drury
|Born||2 October 1527|
|Died||13 October 1579|
|Parent(s)||Sir Robert Drury, Elizabeth Brudenell|
Sir William Drury (2 October 1527 – 13 October 1579) was the son of Sir Robert Drury (c.1503–1577) the grandson of Sir Robert Drury (c.1456–2 March 1535), Speaker of the House of Commons, and the nephew of Sir William Drury. He was an English statesman and soldier.
William Drury, born at Hawstead in Suffolk on 2 October 1527, was the third son of Sir Robert Drury (c.1503–1577) of Hedgerley, Buckinghamshire, and Elizabeth Brudenell, the daughter of Edmund Brudenell of Chalfont St Peter, Buckinghamshire. He was the grandson of another Sir Robert Drury (c.1456–2 March 1535), Speaker of the House of Commons in 1495. He was a brother of Sir Robert Drury (1525–1593) and Sir Drue Drury (1531/2–1617).
Drury was educated at Gonville College, Cambridge. Fighting in France, Drury was taken prisoner in 1544; then after his release, he helped Lord Russell, afterwards Earl of Bedford, to quell a rising in Devonshire in 1549, but he did not come to the front until the reign of Elizabeth I.
In 1554 he sat as Member of Parliament for Chipping Wycombe. In 1559, he was sent to Edinburgh to report on the condition of Scottish politics, and five years later he became Marshal and deputy-governor of Berwick-upon-Tweed. He was a close observer of the affairs of Mary, Queen of Scots, and her house-arrest in Loch Leven Castle, and was in constant communication with Lord Burghley and wrote to him on 3 April 1568 regarding her escape from that place on 25 March about which he gave a full account. Again in Scotland in January 1570, the regent James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, was proceeding to keep an appointment with Drury in Linlithgow when he was mortally wounded, and it was probably intended to murder the English envoy also.
After this event, Drury led two raids into Scotland; at least thrice he went to that country on more peaceable errands, during which, however, his life was continually in danger from assassins. As ambassador with Thomas Randolph in April 1572 he stayed at Restalrig Deanery. There he plotted with Archibald Douglas to kidnap George, Lord Seton from the shore at Leith, but the plan did not take effect. In May 1573 he commanded the force which compelled Edinburgh Castle to surrender. In 1576, he was sent to Ireland as President of Munster, where his rule was severe but effective, and in 1578 he became Lord Justice of Ireland, taking the chief control of affairs after the departure of Sir Henry Sidney. The Second Desmond Rebellion had just broken out when Sir William died in October 1579.
Drury's letters to Cecil, and others, are invaluable for the story of the relations between England and Scotland at this time.
Marriage and issue
On 10 October 1560 at St Alphage London Wall Drury married Margery Wentworth (d.1587), widow of John Williams, 1st Baron Williams of Thame, and daughter of Thomas Wentworth, 1st Baron Wentworth of Nettlestead, Suffolk, by whom he had three daughters:
- Jane Drury, who married Sir Richard Chetwood, son of Richard Chetwood and Agnes Wodehull.
- Anne Drury, who married Robert Hartwell, esquire.
- Elizabeth Drury, who was born 12 December and baptized 29 December 1573 at Long Crendon, Buckinghamshire, with Queen Elizabeth I, Lady Wentworth, and Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, as godparents. Elizabeth Drury married William Cecil, 2nd Earl of Exeter and from this union descend the Earls of Berkshire.
After Drury's death his widow married, in 1580, James Croft (d. September 4, 1624), the third son of Sir James Croft of Croft Castle, Herefordshire. Croft had served as a captain under Margaret's second husband, Sir William Drury, in 1578–9. The couple settled on property in Weston-on-the-Green, Oxfordshire, which had come to Margaret through her first marriage.
- Kelsey 2004.
- "Drury, William (DRRY527W)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Drury, Sir William". Encyclopædia Britannica. 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 603.
- Calendar State Papers Scotland, vol. 4, (1905), p. 297
- Kelsey 2004; Jack 2004.
- Wentworth, Margaret, in A Who's Who of Tudor Women Archived 21 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine..
- Sir William Drury, tudorplace.com[unreliable source].
- Richardson IV 2011, p. 442.
- Moffat 1904, p. 183.
- Kelsey 2004; Jack 2004; Ellis 2004.
- Campling, Arthur (1937). "The History of the Family of Drury". London. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- Ellis, Steven G. (2004). "Croft, Sir James (c.1518–1590)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/6719. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Jack, Sybil M. (2004). "Williams, John, Baron Williams (c.1500–1559)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/29514. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Kelsey, Sean (2004). "Drury, Sir William (1527–1579)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/8101. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Moffat, S.E. (1904). "The Story of the Old Register Book of Long Crendon, Bucks". In Hardy, W.J. The Home Counties Magazine. VI. London: F.E. Robinson & Co. pp. 181–5. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. IV (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1460992709. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
- The History of the Family of Drury, by Arthur Campling, F.S.A., London, 1937, p. 102.
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