Robert Drury (speaker)
|Sir Robert Drury|
|Died||2 March 1535|
Sir William Drury|
Sir Robert Drury
|Parent(s)||Roger Drury, Felice Denston|
Sir Robert Drury, (before 1456 – 2 March 1535), knight, (knighted by Henry VII of England after the battle of Blackheath, 17 June 1497) and Lord of the Manor of Hawstead, Suffolk, was Knight of the Body to Kings Henry VII and Henry VIII, Knight of the Shire for Suffolk, Speaker of the House of Commons [elected 4 October 1495], and Privy Councillor. He was also a barrister-at-law. His London townhouse was in Drury Lane.
Robert Drury, born before 1456 at Hawstead, Suffolk, was the eldest of four sons of Roger Drury (d. 1496) of Hawstead, Suffolk, by his second wife Felice Denston, daughter and heiress of William Denston of Besthorpe, Norfolk.
With Sir Robert Drury began for this family a long connection with the courts of the Tudor sovereigns, and a succession of capable and eminent men whose careers are part of English history throughout the 16th century. In 1473 he was admitted to Lincoln's Inn, where he became a prominent figure. However, according to Hyde 'there is no evidence, as was once thought, that he was educated at Gonville Hall, Cambridge'.
Drury was named in many commissions in the county of Suffolk from 1486 onwards. Drury procured from Pope Alexander VI a licence for the chapel in his house at Hawstead, dated 8 July 1501 in the tenth year of that pontificate. The original is now in the museum at Bury. Another early reference to him is an indenture 15 December 1490 by which Robert Geddying, son and heir of John Geddyng, agreed with Robert Drury, esquire, for the erection of houses at Lackford, Suffolk, Roger and William Drury being co-feoffees.
Drury was knighted by King Henry VII on 17 June 1497, after the battle of Blackheath, and was present at the funeral of the young Prince Henry in 1511, where, amongst the list of mourners, he is included as one of the knights to bear the canopy. He was an executor of the will of John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford, who died in 1513.
Between June 1510 and February 1513 inclusive he was engaged with various colleagues in the attempt "to pacify the Scottish border by peaceful methods and to obtain redress for wrongs committed." Previously, on 29 August 1509, he had been a witness to the renewal of the "Treaty of Perpetual Peace" between England and Scotland, signed shortly after Henry VIII's accession to the throne.
Two splendid books once owned by Sir Robert Drury have survived. One, a fine Latin MS of the Vulgate, written by an English scribe early in the 13th century, is now in the library of Christ's College, Cambridge. Some blank leaves at the end have been used to record the marriages and progeny of his children. The first group of entries was made at the end of 1527; subsequent entries carry on the records of the growth of the family until 1566. The other book is the finest and most famous of all Chaucer MSS, the Ellesmere manuscript of The Canterbury Tales now in the Huntington Library. At the top of a preliminary fly-leaf is written "Robertus Drury, miles", and below a list of his children: "William Drury, miles, Robertus Drury, miles, Domina [Anne] Jarmin, Domina [Bridget] Jarningham, and Domina [Ursula] Allington."
On 1 May 1531 Drury made his last will, requesting burial in the chancel of St. Mary's Church, Bury St. Edmunds beside his first wife, Anne Calthorpe. He died 2 March 1535. Drury and Anne Calthorpe are buried under a stone monument in St. Mary's Church; a wooden palisade bears the inscription ‘Such as ye be, sometime were we, such as we are, such shall ye be. Miserere nostri.’
Drury House, the mansion built by Robert Drury, eventually gave its name to London's Drury Lane and to the well-known Drury Lane Theatre.
Marriages and issue
- Sir William Drury (c. 1500–1558) of Hawstead, Suffolk, who married firstly, Jane Saint Maur (d. 1517), by whom he had no issue, and secondly, Elizabeth Sothill (1505–1575) a granddaughter of another Speaker of the House of Commons, and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Sir Richard Empson (d. 17 August 1510).
- Sir Robert Drury.
- Anne Drury, who married firstly Sir George Waldegrave, esquire (c. 1483 – 8 July 1528) of Smallbridge, Suffolk, from whom descend the Earls Waldegrave, as well as a branch of the Highams of Higham Green and the Denham family, and secondly Sir Thomas Jermyn (c. 1500 – 1552) of Rushbrooke, Suffolk, from whom descend that family (including the Jacobite peer) as well as the Crane family of Chilton, later baronets.
- Elizabeth Drury, who married, in 1510, Sir Philip Boteler.
- Bridget Drury (d. 19 January 1518), who married Sir John Jerningham of Somerleyton, Suffolk, eldest son and heir of Edward Jerningham (d. 6 January 1515) of Somerleyton by his first wife, Margaret Bedingfield (d. 24 March 1504), by whom she had three sons, George, Robert and John, and two daughters, Anne Jerningham, who married Sir Thomas Cornwallis of Brome, Suffolk, and Elizabeth Jerningham, who married John Sulyard of Wetherden, Suffolk.
- Ursula Drury, who married Sir Giles Alington of Horseheath, Cambridgeshire.
After Anne Calthorpe's death, Drury married secondly, Anne (née Jerningham), daughter of Sir Edward Jerningham (d. 6 January 1515) of Somerleyton, Suffolk, by Margaret Bedingfield (d. 24 March 1504), and sister of Sir John Jerningham (see above). At the time of her marriage to Sir Robert Drury, she is said to have been the widow of two husbands: Lord Edward Grey (d. before 1517), eldest son and heir of Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset, and grandson of King Edward IV's wife, Elizabeth Woodville; and Henry Barley (d. 12 November 1529) of Albury, Hertfordshire. In his will Drury refers to her as 'my Lady Grey'. There were no issue of Drury's second marriage. After Drury's death, Anne (née Jerningham) married Sir Edmund Walsingham.
- Richardson II 2011, p. 92
- "Drury, Robert (DRRY496R)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Hyde 2004
- History of Parliament Online: DRURY, Sir Robert I (by 1456-1535), of Hawstead, Suff. and London., accessed June 2018.
- Shaw 1906, p. 29
- Campling 1937
- Hyde 2004
- Richardson II 2011, p. 92
- Hyde 2004
- Betham 1801, pp. 227-9.
- According to some sources, Anne (née Jerningham) is also said to have been the widow of a fifth husband surnamed Berkeley, about whom nothing further is known.
- Richardson II 2011, p. 93.
- Hyde 2004.
- Campling 1937.
- Challen 1963, pp. 5-9.
- 'Anne Jerningham', A Who’s Who of Tudor Women: I-J, compiled by Kathy Lynn Emerson to update and correct Wives and Daughters: The Women of Sixteenth-Century England (1984) Retrieved 10 June 2013.
- Betham, William (1801). The Baronetage of England. I. Ipswich: Burrell and Bransby. pp. 227–9. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- Campling, Arthur (1937). "The History of the Family of Drury". London. Archived from the original on 19 July 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- Challen, W.H. (January 1963). "Lady Anne Grey". Notes and Queries. 10 (1): 5–9. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
- Hyde, Patricia (2004). "Drury, Sir Robert (b. before 1456, d. 1535)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/8097. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. II (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1449966381. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
- Shaw, William A. (1906). The Knights of England. II. London: Sherratt and Hughes. p. 29. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
- Burke, Messrs John and John Bernard, The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales, with their descendants, Sovereigns and Subjects, London, 1851, vol.2, pedigree CXVII.
- Carr-Calthrop, Colonel Christopher William, C.B.E., M.D., &c.,Notes on the Families of Calthorpe & Calthrop, 3rd edition, London, 1933, p. 43.
- Bald, R.C.,Donne and the Drurys, Cambridge University Press, 1959, pp. 10-11.
- Will of Sir Robert Drury, National Archives
- The Ellesmere mss at the Huntington Library
- Will of Lady Anne Grey, widow, of Yates, Kent, proved 8 May 1558 [sic], PROB 11/42B/3, National Archives Retrieved 15 June 2013
- Campling, Arthur, F.S.A., The History of the family of Drury, London, 1937
Sir Richard Empson
| Speaker of the House of Commons
Sir Thomas Englefield