The Six vilayets or Six provinces (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت سته Vilâyat-ı Sitte) or the Six Armenian vilayets (Armenian: Վեց հայկական վիլայեթներ Vets' haykakan vilayet'ner, Turkish: Altı vilayet, Altı Ermeni ili) were the Armenian-populated vilayets (provinces) of the Ottoman Empire:
Reliable population statistcs do not exist. Different versions are shown below.
- Armenian Patriarch of Constantinople, 1912
Note: The analysis excludes certain portions of these provinces where the Armenians are only a minor element. These portions are as follows: Hakkari, in the Vilayet of Van; the south of Sairt, the Vilayet of Bitlis; the south of Vlayet of Diyarbekir; the south of Malatia, in the Vilayet of Mamouret-ul-Aziz; the north-west and west of the Vilayet of Sivas.
There is no evidence supporting the data of the Armenian Patriarch of Constantinople, as the methods of gathering of data was never cited. Also, the Patriarch had issued statistics of Six Vilayets in 1882 stating a total of 1.63 million Armenians in the area, 2.55 times the number they reached in the 1914 Census Report, but disowned 1882 figures in 1912 to publish new figures.
- Ottoman official census, 1914
Note: The Ottoman census doesn't give information for separate Muslim ethnic groups such as the Turks, Kurds, Circassians, etc.
Most modern Western scholars agree that the official Ottoman census underestimated the number of ethnic minorities, including the number of Armenians. In fact Ottoman census didn't define any ethnic groups, only religious ones. So Armenian meant an adherent of Armenian Apostolic Church. Ethnic Armenians who claimed to be Muslims were counted as Muslims, Armenian Protestants - like Pontic Greeks, Caucasus Greeks, and Laz - were counted as others.
All figures are as of early 20th century.
|Mezereh||Vilayet of Mamuret-ul-Aziz||12,200||6,080||49.8%|
|Arapgir||Vilayet of Mamuret-ul-Aziz||20,000||10,000||50%|
|Malatya||Vilayet of Mamuret-ul-Aziz||40,000||20,000||50%|
- (Turkish) İsmail Soysal, Türkiye'nin Siyasal Andlaşmaları, I. Cilt (1920-1945), Türk Tarih Kurumu, 1983, p. 14.
- "The Treatment of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire 1915-1916" by JAMES VISCOUNT BRYCE, London, T. Fisher Unwin Ltd., 1916
- McCarthy, Justin (1983). Muslims and Minorities : The Population of Ottoman Anatolia and the End of the Empire. New York University Press. pp. 56–59. ISBN 0-87150-963-6.
- Mutlu, Servet (2003). "LATE OTTOMAN POPULATION AND ITS ETHNIC DISTRIBUTION" (PDF). Turkish Journal of Population Studies (Nüfusbilim Dergisi) 25 (1): 21. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
There is no evidence supporting the Patriarch’s numbers. Conceivably they could have been based on church registers. But to date, neither any local church register nor any document showing the summation of local registers at the Patriarchate in İstanbul has been produced as proof (McCarthy, 1998a, pp.56- 59). More important, even if such records of the Armenian population existed, how could the local priests, and hence the Patriarch who would be getting his numbers from them, ever know how many Muslims existed short of a census. Yet, the census figures belie the Patriarch’s . Hence, the Patriarch’s figures were nothing but politically motivated constructions."
- "1914 Census Statistics" (PDF). Turkish General Staff. pp. 603–628. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- Steven T. Katz,The Holocaust in Historical Context, 1994, p. 86 ...indicates (based on 1919 British estimates) that though Ottoman data were generally reliable they did underestimate the Armenian population in 1914...
- Hakobyan 1987, p. 236.
- Hakobyan 1987, p. 222.
- Hakobyan 1987, p. 163.
- Hakobyan 1987, p. 134.
- Hakobyan 1987, p. 51.
- Hakobyan 1987, p. 182.
- Hakobyan, Tadevos (1987). Պատմական Հայաստանի քաղաքները (Cites of historic Armenia) (in Armenian). Yerevan: "Hayastan" Publishing.