Sizergh Castle and Garden

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Sizergh Castle, pele tower and Tudor house

Sizergh Castle and Garden is a stately home and garden at Helsington in the English county of Cumbria, about 4 miles (6 km) south of Kendal. Located in historic Westmorland, the castle is a grade I listed building.[1] While remaining the home of the Hornyold-Strickland family, the castle with its garden and estate is in the care of the National Trust.

In 2016 the Sizergh estate was included in the newly extended Lake District National Park.[2]

Details[edit]

The tower at Sizergh Castle, as viewed from the South

The earliest part of the building is a tower of fourteenth or fifteenth century date.[1]

Woodwork[edit]

Some of the early furnishings date from the time of Walter Strickland (1516–1569) who married Alice Tempest in 1560. She made inventories of the house after her husband's death. These mention three oak armchairs and three chests still in the house.[3]

There are oak-panelled interiors, including the Inlaid Chamber, where the panelling is inlaid with floral and geometric patterns in pale poplar and dark bog-oak. The contents of the Inlaid Chamber were sold to the Victoria and Albert Museum in the 1890s and it was displayed as a reconstructed period room. The return of the panelling to its original location at Sizergh was advocated by among others Mark Girouard, an authority on England's country houses. The panelling returned in 1999 under a long-term loan.[4] In 2017 it was reported that transfer of ownership to the National Trust had been made formal.[5]

The bargeboards probably date from the seventeenth century.

Paintings[edit]

The Castle contains a variety of paintings, including the following:

Portraits gallery[edit]

History[edit]

The Deincourt family owned this land from the 1170s. On the marriage of Elizabeth Deincourt to Sir William de Stirkeland in 1239, the estate passed into the hands of what became the Strickland family, who owned it until it was gifted to the National Trust in 1950 by Gerald Strickland, 1st Baron Strickland's grandson Lt. Cdr. Thomas Hornyold-Strickland, 7th Count della Catena.[11]

Catherine Parr, the sixth wife of Henry VIII and a relative of the Stricklands, is thought to have lived here after her first husband died in 1533. Catherine's second husband, Lord Latymer, was kin to the dowager Lady Strickland.[12][13]

It was extended in Elizabethan times. Sir Thomas Strickland went into exile with James II.

Around 1770, the great hall was again expanded in the Georgian style.

Gardens[edit]

Sizergh Castle and part of the garden

The gardens are registered Grade II.[14] There is a lake, a kitchen garden and a rock garden. The rock garden, constructed in the 1920s, is the largest limestone rock garden belonging to the National Trust.

Sizergh houses part of the National Collection of ferns, which are to be seen in the rock garden, the stumpery and the orchard.

Estate[edit]

In 1336 a grant from Edward III allowed Sir Walter Strickland to enclose the land around Sizergh as his exclusive park.

The estate covers 647 hectares (1,600 acres).[15]

Biodiversity[edit]

There are various types of habitat on the estate. For example, in 2014 it was reported that 35 ha of wetland habitat was being created in the Lyth Valley on the western edge of the estate. The project received funding from Natural England as part of a higher level stewardship scheme. It is hoped to attract bittern and other wildlife.[16]

Sizergh has received support from the Morecambe Bay Nature Improvement Area which was launched in 2012. It received three years of government grant funding (2012–15). Projects continue under the auspices of the Morecambe Bay Partnership, a registered charity.[17]

Birds[edit]

The Sizergh estate is a good place to see birds. For example, hawfinches are attracted to the area because of its hornbeam trees, and these birds sometimes come close to the main car park.[18][17]

Butterflies[edit]

Fritillary butterflies (including pearl-bordered and high brown fritillary) live on the estate.[18]

Literary and media interest[edit]

The castle was featured in the ITV documentary Inside the National Trust.[19]

The room known as the Inlaid Chamber is the subject of Letitia Elizabeth Landon's poetical illustration The Queen’s Room, Sizergh Hall, Westmorland to an engraving of a painting by Thomas Allom, published in Fisher's Drawing Room Scrap Book, 1836.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Taylor, Michael Waistell (1892). "Sizergh Castle". The Old Manorial Halls of Westmorland & Cumberland (Publications of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, Extra Series, volume 8). Kendal: Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society. pp. 182–198.
  • Taylor, Michael Waistell (1889). Sizergh, No. 1. 10 Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society. p. 48.
  • Curwen, John F (1889). Sizergh, No. 2. 10 Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society. p. 66.
  • Goodall, Ian (September 2002). "Privacy, Display and Over Extension: Walter Strickland's Rebuilding of Sizergh". The Antiquaries Journal. The Society of Antiquaries of London. 82: 197–245. doi:10.1017/S0003581500073789. S2CID 162616633.
  • "Helsington: Sizergh Castle, Sizergh" (2007) 7 Transactions of the Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archeological Society (Third Series) 257
  • Emery, Anthony (1996). "Sizergh Castle". Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales, 1300–1500. Vol. 1 (Northern England). Cambridge University Press. pp. 248–250. ISBN 978-0521497237.
  • Fry, Plantagenet Somerset (1996). "Sizergh". Castles of Britain and Ireland. BCA by arrangement with David & Charles. p. 181. ISBN 978-0789202789.
  • Strickland, Edeline Sackville (1898). Sizergh Castle, Westmoreland, and Notes on Twenty-five Generations of the Strickland Family. T Wilson.
  1. ^ a b Historic England. "Sizergh Castle (Grade I) (1318962)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  2. ^ "Yorkshire Dales and Lake District national parks to be extended". BBC News. 23 October 2015. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
  3. ^ Wheeler, Megan (2018). "Early Elizabethan Chests at Sizergh Castle". Regional Furniture. Regional Furniture Society. 32: 103–25. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  4. ^ "Inlaid Room at Sizergh Castle". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
  5. ^ Kennedy, Maev (2 January 2017). "V&A returns Tudor bedroom to original Sizergh Castle setting". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  6. ^ Corp, Edward (23 September 2004). "Belle, Alexis-Simon". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/46466. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  7. ^ "Walter Strickland (1729–1761)". National Trust Collections. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  8. ^ Nicholson, Savannah (19 March 2020). "18th century Romney painting returns to Sizergh Castle". Westmorland Gazette. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  9. ^ "Anne Cholmeley (1796–1829), Mrs Jarrard Edward Strickland (the artist's mother)". Art UK. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  10. ^ "Lady Edeline Sackville (1870–1918), Lady Strickland". Art UK. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  11. ^ "Meet Henry Hornyold-Strickland, Sizergh". National Trust. Archived from the original on 5 February 2014.
  12. ^ James, Susan E. (2009). Catherine Parr: Henry VIII's Last Love. The History Press. p. 56. ISBN 978-0752448534.
  13. ^ Porter, Linda (2010). Katherine the Queen. Macmillan. p. 58. ISBN 978-0330460804.
  14. ^ Historic England. "Garden (1000673)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  15. ^ "Sizergh – Visitor information". National Trust. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 3 October 2012.
  16. ^ Dickinson, Katie (16 October 2014). "Park End Moss aims to bring wildlife flooding in". Westmorland Gazette. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
  17. ^ a b "Hawfinch recovery project". Morecambe Bay Local Nature Partnership. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
  18. ^ a b "Wildlife at Sizergh". National Trust. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  19. ^ "Video: 'Inside the National Trust': preview". The Daily Telegraph. 12 October 2013. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013.
  20. ^ Landon, Letitia Elizabeth (1835). "picture". Fisher's Drawing Room Scrap Book, 1836. Fisher, Son & Co.Landon, Letitia Elizabeth (1835). "poetical illustration". Fisher's Drawing Room Scrap Book, 1836. Fisher, Son & Co.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°17′04″N 2°46′19″W / 54.28444°N 2.77194°W / 54.28444; -2.77194