Jacobite succession

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The Jacobite succession is the line through which the crown in pretence of England, Scotland and Ireland (France also claimed) has descended since the flight of James II & VII from London at the time of the "Glorious Revolution". James and his Jacobite successors were traditionally toasted as "The King over the Water". After the death of James's grandson, Henry Benedict Stuart, in 1807, none of the notional Jacobite "successors" have claimed the thrones of England and Scotland or incorporated the arms of England and Scotland in their coats-of-arms.

House of Stuart[edit]

The Stuarts who claimed the thrones of England, Scotland, Ireland and France after the Glorious Revolution of 1688 were, with the dates of their claim:

Descendant and Dates of Claim Portrait Birth Marriages Death
James II & VII
11 December 1688 –
16 September 1701[1]
King James II and VII.jpg 14 October 1633
St. James's Palace
son of Charles I and Henrietta Maria of France[1]
Lady Anne Hyde
(at that time plain Anne Hyde) 3 September 1660
8 children

Princess Mary of Modena
21 November 1673
7 children[1]

16 September 1701
Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye
aged 67[1]
James Francis Edward Stuart
("James III & VIII")
("The Old Pretender")
16 September 1701–
1 January 1766
James 10 June 1688[2]
St. James's Palace
son of James II & VII and Mary of Modena
Princess Clementina Sobieski
3 September 1719
2 children
1 January 1766
Palazzo Muti
aged 77
Charles Edward Stuart
("Charles III")
("The Young Pretender")
("Bonnie Prince Charlie")
1 January 1766–
31 January 1788
Charles 31 December 1720[3]
Palazzo Muti
son of James Francis Edward Stuart and Clementina Sobieski
Princess Louise of Stolberg-Gedern
28 March 1772
no children
(2 illegitimate children)
31 January 1788
Palazzo Muti
aged 67
Henry Benedict Stuart
("Henry IX & I")
("Cardinal Duke of York")
31 January 1788–
13 July 1807
Henry 11 March 1725[4]
Rome
son of James Francis Edward Stuart and Clementina Sobieski
Cardinal. Never married. 13 July 1807
Frascati
aged 82

Upon Henry's death, the succession passed to a different house, and none of the Jacobite heirs since has claimed the thrones of England and Scotland or incorporated the arms of England and Scotland in their coats-of-arms.

House of Savoy[edit]

Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia was a descendant of Charles I through his youngest daughter Henrietta Anne. Her daughter Anne Marie of Orléans married Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia, and Charles Emmanuel IV was great-grandson of Queen Anne Marie in the male line.

Descendant and Dates of Claim Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia
("Charles IV")
13 July 1807–
6 October 1819
Charles Emmanuel IV 24 May 1751
Turin
son of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonietta of Bourbon
Princess Marie Clotilde of France
1775
No children
6 October 1819
Rome
aged 68
Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia
("Victor")
6 October 1819–
10 January 1824
Victor Emmanuel I 24 July 1759
Turin
son of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and Maria Antonietta of Bourbon
Archduchess Maria Teresa of Austria-Este
21 April 1789
7 children
10 January 1824
Moncalieri
aged 65
Princess Maria Beatrice of Savoy
("Mary III & II")[5]
10 January 1824–
15 September 1840
Maria Beatrice Vittoria of Savoy.jpg 6 December 1792
daughter of Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia and Maria Teresa of Austria-Este
Francis IV, Duke of Modena
20 June 1812
4 children
15 September 1840
aged 48

House of Austria-Este[edit]

Descendent and Dates of Claim Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Francis V, Duke of Modena
("Francis I")
15 September 1840–
20 November 1875
Francesco V d'austria este Duca Modena young.jpg 1 June 1819
Modena
son of Maria Beatrice of Savoy and Francis IV, Duke of Modena
Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria
30 March 1842
1 child
20 November 1875
Vienna
aged 56
Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este
("Mary IV & III")[5]
20 November 1875–
3 February 1919
MariaTheresiaAustriaEste.jpg 2 July 1849
Brno
daughter of Ferdinand of Austria-Este[6] and Elisabeth of Austria
Ludwig III of Bavaria
20 February 1868
13 children
3 February 1919
Chiemgau
aged 69

House of Wittelsbach[edit]

Descendant and Dates of Claim Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria
("Robert I & IV")
3 February 1919–
2 August 1955
Rupprecht von Bayern.jpg 18 May 1869
Munich
son of Maria Theresa of Austria-Este and Ludwig III of Bavaria
Duchess Marie Gabrielle in Bavaria
10 July 1900
Munich
4 children

Princess Antonia of Luxembourg
7 April 1921
Lenggries
6 children
2 August 1955
Schloß Leutstetten
aged 86
Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria
("Albert")
2 August 1955–
8 July 1996
Albrechtbavaria1922.jpg 3 May 1905
Munich
son of Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria and Marie Gabrielle of Bavaria
Countess Maria Draskovich of Trakostjan
1930
4 children

Countess Marie-Jenke Keglevich of Buzin
1971
No children
8 July 1996
Castle Berg
aged 91
Franz, Duke of Bavaria
("Francis II")
8 July 1996–
present
Franz von bayern.JPG 14 July 1933
Munich
son of Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria and Countess Maria Draskovich of Trakostjan
not married

Future succession after the Duke in Bavaria[edit]

The heir presumptive of Franz, Duke in Bavaria, is his younger brother

Family tree[edit]

This is a family tree of the Jacobite lineage. The boldface names are successors, and the italic names are in line of succession.

Jacobite Lineage
1600-1649
Charles I
1625-1649
1630-1685
Charles II
1660-1685
1633-1701
James II & VII
1685-(1688)-1701
1644-1670
Henrietta
of England
1640-1701
Philippe I,
Duke of Orléans
1688-1766
James Francis
Edward Stuart

as James III
& VIII

1701-1766
1669-1728
Anne Marie
d'Orléans
1666-1732
Victor Amadeus II
of Sardinia
1720-1788
Charles Edward
Stuart

as Charles III
1766-1788
1725-1807
Henry Benedict
Stuart

as Henry IX and I
1788-1807
1701-1773
Charles Emmanuel III
of Sardinia
1726-1796
Victor Amadeus III
of Sardinia
1751-1819
Charles Emmanuel
IV of Sardinia

as Charles IV
1807-1819
1759-1824
Victor Emmanuel I
of Sardinia

as Victor I
1819-1824
1779-1846
Francis IV,
Duke of Modena
1792-1840
Maria Beatrice
of Savoy

as Mary III & II
1824-1840
1819-1875
Francis V,
Duke of Modena

as Francis I
1840-1875
1821-1849
Ferdinand Karl Viktor
of Austria-Este
1845-1921
Ludwig III
of Bavaria
1849-1919
Maria Theresa of
Austria-Este

as Mary IV & III
1875-1919
1869-1955
Rupprecht, Crown
Prince of Bavaria

as Robert I & IV
1919-1955
1905-1996
Albrecht,
Duke of Bavaria

as Albert I
1955-1996
1933-
Franz, Duke
of Bavaria

as Francis II
1996-
1937-
Prince Max,
Duke in Bavaria
1967-
Duchess Sophie
in Bavaria
1968-
Alois of
Liechtenstein

Regent
1995-
Prince Joseph Wenzel
of Liechtenstein

Royal family tree[edit]

Family tree showing the ancestry of the Jacobite Pretenders and their relation to the UK monarchs descended from Sophia of Hanover

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "thePeerage.com – Person Page 10136". Retrieved 2007-10-25.
  2. ^ "Stuart, James Francis Edward, Duke of Cornwall". Directory of Royal Genealogical Data: University of Hull. Retrieved 2008-03-21.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Stuart, Charles Edward Louis Casimer, Prince of Wales". Directory of Royal Genealogical Data: University of Hull. Retrieved 2008-03-21.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Stuart, Henry Benedict Thomas Maria, Duke of York". Directory of Royal Genealogical Data: University of Hull. Retrieved 2008-03-21.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ a b Mary III & II and Mary IV & III were numbered in such a way because some Jacobites regard Elizabeth I of England as illegitimate, and therefore consider Mary, Queen of Scots, to have been the rightful Queen Mary II of England from the death of Mary I
  6. ^ Ferdinand was the second son of Francis IV

External links[edit]