Social Studies (Carla Bley album)

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Social Studies
Social Studies (Carla Bley album).jpg
Studio album by
RecordedSeptember–December 1980
StudioGrog Kill Studio, Willow, New York
ProducerCarla Bley
Carla Bley chronology
Musique Mecanique
Social Studies

Social Studies is an album by American composer, bandleader and keyboardist Carla Bley recorded in 1980 and released on the Watt/ECM label in 1981.[1][2]


The Allmusic review by Alex Henderson awarded the album 4½ stars and stated "Bley's risk-taking serves her quite well on Social Studies, an unorthodox and adventurous pearl that is as rewarding as it is cerebral".[3] The Penguin Guide to Jazz awarded the album 3 stars stating "Social Studies shouldn't be missed: a bookish cover masks some wonderfully wry music".[4]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Penguin Guide to Jazz[4]
The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide[5]
Tom HullB+ ((1-star Honorable Mention))[6]

Track listing[edit]

All compositions by Carla Bley except where noted.

  1. "Reactionary Tango (In Three Parts)" (Carla Bley, Steve Swallow) - 12:54
  2. "Copyright Royalties" - 6:45
  3. "Útviklingssang" - 6:31
  4. "Valse Sinistre" - 4:56
  5. "Floater" - 5:56
  6. "Walking Batteriewoman" - 4:24



  1. ^ Discogs album entry accessed August 3, 2010
  2. ^ ECM/WATT discography accessed August 25, 2016
  3. ^ a b Henderson, A. Allmusic Review accessed August 3, 2010
  4. ^ a b Cook, Richard; Brian Morton (2008) [1992]. The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings. The Penguin Guide to Jazz (9th ed.). New York: Penguin. p. 130. ISBN 978-0-14-103401-0.
  5. ^ Swenson, J., ed. (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. USA: Random House/Rolling Stone. p. 26. ISBN 0-394-72643-X.
  6. ^ Hull, Tom (28 February 2018). "Streamnotes". Tom Hull – on the Web. Retrieved 9 July 2020.