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Dome of Soltaniyeh
Soltaniyeh is located in Iran
Coordinates: 36°26′05″N 48°47′51″E / 36.43472°N 48.79750°E / 36.43472; 48.79750Coordinates: 36°26′05″N 48°47′51″E / 36.43472°N 48.79750°E / 36.43472; 48.79750
1,784 m (5,853 ft)
 (2016 Census)
 • Total7,638 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)

Soltaniyeh (Persian: سلطانيه, also Romanized as Solţānīyeh, Solţāneyyeh, Sultaniye, and Sultānīyeh; also known as Sa‘īdīyeh;[2] Latin: Soltania/ Sultania) is the capital city of Soltaniyeh District of Soltaniyeh County, Zanjan Province, northwestern Iran.

At the 2006 census, its population was 5,684, in 1,649 families.[3]


Soltaniyeh, located some 240 kilometres (150 mi) to the north-west of Tehran, was built as the capital of Mongol Ilkhanid rulers of Iran in the 14th century. Its name which refers to the Islamic ruler title sultan translates loosely as "the Regal". Soltaniyeh was visited by Ruy González de Clavijo, who reported that the city was a hub of silk exportation.[4]

In 2005, UNESCO listed Soltaniyeh as one of the World Heritage Sites. The road from Zanjan to Soltaniyeh extends until it reaches to the Katale khor cave.

William Dalrymple notes that Öljaitü intended Soltaniyeh to be "the largest and most magnificent city in the world" but that it "died with him" and is now "a deserted, crumbling spread of ruins."[5]

Ecclesiastical history[edit]

Established on 1 April 1318 as Latin Metropolitan Archdiocese of Soltania (Latin and Curiate Italian) or Soltaniyeh.

It 1329 the Latin Diocese of Samarcanda became its suffragan for the Chagatai Khanate, at least until Tamerlane (founder of the Timurids) swept its see Samarkand.

Suppressed as residential see around 1450.

Residential archbishops[edit]

(all Roman Rite and European missionary members of the same Latin Order)

Metropolitan Archbishops of Soltania
  • Francesco da Perugia, Dominican Order O.P. (1318.08.01 – ?)
  • Guillaume Adam, O.P. (1322.10.06 – 1324.10.26); previously Archbishop of Smirna (Smyrna) (Asian Turkey, now Izmir) (1318 – 1322.10.06); later Metropolitan Archbishop of Bar (Montenegro) (1324.10.26 – death 1341)
  • Giovanni di Cori, O.P. (1329.08.09 – ?)
  • Guglielmo, O.P. (? – ?)
  • Giovanni di Piacenza, O.P. (1349.01.09 – ?)
  • Tommaso, O.P. (1368.02.28 – ?)
  • Domenico Manfredi, O.P. (1388.08.18 – ?)
  • Giovanni di Gallofonte, O.P. (1398.08.26 – ?)
  • Nicolò Roberti (1401.01.24 – ?); previously Bishop of Ferrara (Italy) (1393.02.04 – 1401.01.24)
  • Thomas Abaraner, O.P. (1425.12.19 – ?)
  • Giovanni, O.P. (1425.12.19 – ?)

Titular see[edit]

Transformed at its suppression as residential see in 1450 into a Latin Titular archbishopric, which was itself suppressed in 1926.

It has had the following incumbents, of both the fitting archiepiscopal (intermediary) and the (lower) episcopal ranks :

See also[edit]

Sources and external links[edit]


  1. ^ "Statistical Center of Iran > Home".
  2. ^ Soltaniyeh can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3081931" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Statistical Center of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.
  4. ^ Clavijo, Ruy Gonzalez de (1859). Narrative of the embassy of Ruy Gonzalez de Clavijo to the court of Timour at Samarcand, A.D. 1403-6. p. 93. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  5. ^ Dalrymple, William (1989). In Xanadu. pp. 128–129.
  6. ^ سلطان گنبدها | جدید آنلاین. Retrieved on 2012-02-10.
  7. ^ Flash video.

Further reading[edit]

Preceded by Capital of Ilkhanate (Persia)
Succeeded by