Southern pig-footed bandicoot

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Southern pig-footed bandicoot
PigFootedBandicoot.jpg

Extinct  (1950s) (IUCN 3.1)[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Marsupialia
Order: Peramelemorphia
Family: Chaeropodidae
Genus: Chaeropus
Species:
C. ecaudatus
Binomial name
Chaeropus ecaudatus
(Ogilby, 1838)
Subspecies
  • C. ecaudatus ecaudatus Ogilby, 1838
  • C. ecaudatus occidentalis Gould, 1845
Synonyms
  • Chaeropus occidentalis Gould, 1845
  • Chaeropus castanotis Gray, 1842

The southern pig-footed bandicootChaeropus ecaudatus – was a small species of herbivorous marsupial in the genus Chaeropus, the pig-footed bandicoots.

Taxonomy[edit]

The description of the population was revised in 2019, separating a central western population as Chaeropus yirratji and recognised two earlier descriptions as subspecies Chaeropus ecaudatus ecaudatus (found in southeastern Australia) and Chaeropus ecaudatus occidentalis (found in western and southwestern Australia).[2]

Description[edit]

It has been believed to be extinct since the mid-20th century, having reportedly vanished from its final refuge in southern Australia by 1945.[3] It was presumably the first of the two species of Chaeropus to go extinct.

It is thought to have been distributed in shrubland habitats in the southern regions of Australia's deserts, and its range likely extended to Western Australia. It physically closely resembled the northern pig-footed bandicoot (C. yirratji), but it had fewer holes on its palate and shorter feet. It also had a different dentition than C. yirratji, indicating that it may have had a different diet. The two species were formerly considered conspecific until a study released in 2019 found them to be separate species.[4][5] This species likely went extinct due to predation by introduced red foxes and feral cats, as well as habitat degradation by introduced livestock.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Burbidge, A.; Dickman, C. & Johnson, K. (2008). "Chaeropus ecaudatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008. Retrieved 28 December 2008. Database entry includes justification for why this species is listed as extinct
  2. ^ "New species of extinct pig-footed bandicoot described from Australia". www.nhm.ac.uk. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  3. ^ Francis Harper (1945). Extinct and Vanishing Mammals of the Old World. New York, American Committee for International Wild Life Protection.
  4. ^ "WA and UK researchers discover new species of extinct Australian mammal". Western Australian Museum. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  5. ^ Louys, Julien; Cramb, Jonathan; Price, Gilbert J.; Stemmer, David; Brewer, Philippa; Brace, Selina; Miguez, Roberto Portela; Simões, Bruno F.; Travouillon, Kenny J. (2019-03-13). "Hidden in plain sight: reassessment of the pig-footed bandicoot, Chaeropus ecaudatus (Peramelemorphia, Chaeropodidae), with a description of a new species from central australia, and use of the fossil record to trace its past distribution". Zootaxa. 4566 (1): 1–69. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4566.1.1. ISSN 1175-5334.
  6. ^ "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 2019-03-14.