|Incorporated as a town||1842|
|• Total||23.16 sq mi (59.98 km2)|
|• Land||5.38 sq mi (13.93 km2)|
|• Water||17.78 sq mi (46.05 km2)|
|Elevation||62 ft (19 m)|
|• Density||116/sq mi (44.7/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0582737|
Southport is a town and archipelago in Lincoln County, Maine, United States. The population was 622 at the 2020 census. It includes the villages of Capitol Island, Hendricks Harbor, Newagen, Pine Cliff, Squirrel Island, and West Southport. The majority of the town's residents live on its main island, Southport Island.
The Abenaki people that originally inhabited the island called it Capanewagen. Cape Newagen, an English corruption of the Abenaki name, was the name of an early English fishing outpost at the southern tip of the island. The island would later be known as Newagen Island by Europeans.
While the first European settlement was established in 1623, the island was abandoned by the English when they were driven from the region by the Abenaki during King Phillip's War in 1676. After the war, colonists returned to the island, only to be driven out again during King William's War in 1689.
After 40 years, colonists again returned to the region in 1730. In 1764, Townsend, named after Lord Townshend, was officially incorporated. The name of the town was changed to Boothbay in 1842, and Southport split from Boothbay the same year, becoming incorporated as a town on February 12, 1842.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 23.16 square miles (59.98 km2), of which, 5.38 square miles (13.93 km2) of it is land and 17.78 square miles (46.05 km2) is water. Southport is on Southport Island in the mouth of the Sheepscot River. The islands of Southport include the Ark, Boston Island, Burnt Island, Cape Island, Capitol Island, Squirrel Island, Cedarbush Island, the Cuckolds, David Island, the Green Islands, Hunting Island, Lower Mark Island, Mouse Island, Pratts Island, Southport Island, and Squirrel Island.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 606 people, 316 households, and 195 families living in the town. The population density was 112.6 inhabitants per square mile (43.5/km2). There were 1,051 housing units at an average density of 195.4 per square mile (75.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.5% White, 1.7% from two or more races, 1.3% Asian, 0.3% African American and 0.2% Native American. Hispanic and/or Latino of any race were 0.2% of the population.
There were 316 households, of which 14.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 4.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 1.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.3% were non-families. 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.92 and the average family size was 2.38.
The median age in the town was 60.1 years. 12% of residents were under the age of 18; 2.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 13% were from 25 to 44; 35.6% were from 45 to 64; and 37% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 684 people, 331 households, and 218 families living in the town. The population density was 127.0 people per square mile (49.0/km2). There were 912 housing units at an average density of 169.3 per square mile (65.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.83% White, 0.58% Asian, and 0.58% from two or more races.
There were 331 households, out of which 19.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 3.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.1% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.07 and the average family size was 2.52.
In the town, the population was spread out, with 14.6% under the age of 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 15.4% from 25 to 44, 35.7% from 45 to 64, and 30.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 53 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $38,125, and the median income for a family was $52,750. Males had a median income of $35,500 versus $24,583 for females. The per capita income for the town was $33,481. About 4.2% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over.
Sites of interest
- Ralph H. Cameron, U.S. Senator from Arizona
- Rachel Carson, marine biologist and conservationist
- Margaret Hamilton, film actress
- Wilder Hobson, journalist
- Hart Day Leavitt, educator and editor
- Gustaf Tenggren, illustrator
- Claggett Wilson, painter
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
- "Census - Geography Profile: Southport town, Lincoln County, Maine". Retrieved January 30, 2022.
- Bright, William Oliver Bright (2004). Native American Placenames of the United States. p. 81.
- "The origin of the name Boothbay, part I". Boothbay Register. Retrieved 2022-04-06.
- Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts: A.J. Coolidge. pp. 59–60.
coolidge mansfield history description new england 1859.
- Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts: A.J. Coolidge. p. 310.
coolidge mansfield history description new england 1859.
- Maine League of Historical Societies and Museums (1970). Doris A. Isaacson (ed.). Maine: A Guide 'Down East'. Rockland, Me: Courier-Gazette, Inc. p. 325.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Francis Byron Greene, History of Boothbay, Southport and Boothbay Harbor, Maine 1623–1905; Portland, Maine 1906
- Town of Southport, Maine
- Southport Memorial Library
- Boothbay Register newspaper
- Boothbay Region Historical Society
- Epodunk profile
- Maine Genealogy: Southport, Lincoln County, Maine