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Sphero, Inc.
Company typePrivate
Founded2010; 14 years ago (2010)
  • Ian Bernstein
  • Adam Wilson
HeadquartersBoulder, Colorado United States

Sphero, Inc. (formerly Orbotix) is an American consumer robotics and toy company based in Boulder, Colorado.

Their first product, the Sphero, is a white spherical robot launched in December 2011 capable of rolling around under the control of a smartphone or tablet.[2][3] A remastered version, the Sphero 2.0, was launched in August 2013.[4] Both products are now discontinued.

In 2015, Sphero struck a licensing deal with Disney to create a BB-8 robot based on the Star Wars: The Force Awakens film.[5] Following the success of that robot, Sphero also created a model of R2-D2 and Lightning McQueen. The Disney products were discontinued in 2018 after their partnership ended.[6]

Sphero's current product lineup includes several spherical robots like the original Sphero: the Sphero Mini, BOLT, and SPRK+.

On February 19, 2019, Sphero announced a programmable tank-tracked kit called the Sphero RVR (pronounced "rover") on Kickstarter.[7][8] It is advertised as a "go anywhere, do anything programmable robot" with modular parts and all-terrain capability. It has an increased focus on education, and has been released in October 2019 at $249.[9]

In August 2019, Sphero acquired New York City-based startup, littleBits.[10][11][12]


Sphero 1.0 and 2.0[edit]

The original Sphero was initially prototyped by its inventors, Ian Bernstein and Adam Wilson, with a 3D-printed shell and electronics taken from a smartphone.[1] It was then demonstrated at CES in 2011.[13][14]

It was released in 2011 and is a white orb that has a diameter of 74 millimetres (2.9 in) and weighs 168 grams (0.370 lb).[15] The processor on board is a 75 MHz ARM Cortex M4. It has two 350 mAh LiPo batteries, two color LEDs, an accelerometer, and a gyroscope. Bluetooth is used for communication and inductive charging for power.[15][16] A refreshed version, Sphero 2.0, was released in 2013, featuring a twice-as-fast speed and increased LED brightness.[17]

The toys are controlled with a smartphone or tablet running iOS, Android or Windows Phone via Bluetooth.[2][18] Since they have an accelerometer and a gyroscope, it can also be used as a controller for games on iOS and Android platforms.[18][19] As it includes an SDK, several apps and games have been developed for the platform.[2][18]

Users can program the toys with an app called Sphero Macrolab which includes a set of predefined macros, and orbBasic which uses a BASIC-based language.[20]

Both Sphero 1.0 and 2.0 have been discontinued.

Sphero 1.0 is not compatible with either Sphero Play or Sphero EDU apps[citation needed].


An Ollie Darkside with turbo tires on.
An Ollie Darkside with turbo tires on.

The Sphero Ollie, released in 2014, uses tires instead of being a rolling ball. With its ability to spin, it is more intended for doing tricks.[21] Instead of using inductive charging, the Ollie uses a micro-USB port for charging. It goes at speeds up to 23 km/h (14 mph).[22]


In July 2014, while participating in Disney's technology accelerator program for startups, Sphero's staff were invited into a private meeting with Disney CEO Bob Iger, who showed them then-unseen photos from the production of the 2015 film Star Wars: The Force Awakens and images of BB-8—a spherical droid character introduced in the film, and were offered a licensing deal to produce an official BB-8 toy based on Sphero's technology. Disney also made a minority investment in Sphero. The BB-8 toy was released on September 4, 2015; it is accompanied by a special Star Wars-themed control app, which also features augmented reality "holographic" messages.[5][23]

It has been discontinued after the Disney-Sphero partnership ended.[6]


Following on from the success of the BB-8 robot, Sphero has released a R2-D2 robot that is powered by Sphero technology. This is accompanied by an app which is available for iOS and Android (operating system) powered devices.[24] The R2-D2 droid, unlike the BB-8 and Sphero droids is not inductively charged, instead, a micro-USB connection is used.

It has been discontinued after the Disney-Sphero partnership ended.[6]

Ultimate Lightning McQueen[edit]

In 2017, Sphero released a robotic car modeled after Lightning McQueen as part of their partnership with Disney.[25]

It has been discontinued after the Disney-Sphero partnership ended.[6]

Sphero Bolt[edit]

Sphero Bolt is a transparent version of the Sphero robot, with a diameter of 73 millimetres (2.9 in) and weighs 200 grams (0.44 lb).[26] It is sealed and has an inductive charger. This model has the most sensors of the various Sphero robots, including motor encoders, gyroscope, accelerometer, 8x8 LED matrix display, compass, infrared, and light sensors.[26]

Sphero SPRK+[edit]

Sphero SPRK+ is also a transparent version of the Sphero robot, with a diameter of 73 millimetres (2.9 in) and weighs 181 grams (0.399 lb).[26] It is sealed and has an inductive charger. This model is intended for educational use.

Sphero Mini[edit]

Sphero Mini is a smaller version of the Sphero robot, with a diameter of 42 millimetres (1.7 in) and weighs 46 grams (0.101 lb).[26][27] It is the first Sphero robot to have interchangeable shells. These shells are very colorful, and come in white, blue, pink, green, and orange. The Mini is the cheapest robot made by Sphero at $49. The Mini has a new feature called Face Drive which lets the user drive the robot through the app with different head movements. The Mini is charged with a micro USB port, which means that unlike the Sphero 2.0, it is not waterproof. You can create your own games in the Sphero Edu app with Sphero Mini.

Sphero RVR[edit]

Sphero RVR (pronounced "rover") is a programmable robot kit introduced by Sphero on Kickstarter on February 19, 2019. It is advertised as a "go anywhere, do anything programmable robot."

It can be programmed using the app, either visually or via text JavaScript. The robot is modular, with various sensors and boards able to be attached, including Arduino and Raspberry Pi. It has a swappable battery charged via a USB-C port.

It has an increased focus on education.[7][8]

It was released in October 2019 at $249.[9]

Sphero indi[edit]

Sphero indi is a programmable robot designed for younger learners. The primary function of the robot is its inclusion of an image sensor to detect different colored cards that it can drive over.

It can be used with the Sphero Edu Jr. app or with no smart device at all.


  1. ^ a b Kimberly, Weisul (May 28, 2013). "This Robotic Ball May Change Everything". Inc. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Harry McCracken (August 15, 2013). "Sphero 2.0 Is a More Heroic Robotic Ball". Time. Time Inc.
  3. ^ Bonnington, Christina (December 19, 2011). "Review: Orbotix Sphero". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  4. ^ Heater, Brian (August 14, 2013). "Sphero 2.0 rolls out at speeds 'slightly slower than a Lamborghini' (video)". Engadget. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  5. ^ a b McFarland, Kevin (September 3, 2015). "The Story (And Tech) Behind That Awesome Star Wars BB-8 Toy". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d Carman, Ashley (December 17, 2018). "Sphero discontinues its BB-8, R2-D2, and other licensed Disney products". The Verge. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  7. ^ a b "Sphero RVR – The go anywhere, do anything programmable robot". Kickstarter. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  8. ^ a b Stein, Scott (February 19, 2019). "Sphero RVR wants to be your future hackable robot kit". CNET. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  9. ^ a b "Sphero makes its 'RVR' programmable tank robot available to all".
  10. ^ "Sphero has acquired littleBits". TechCrunch. August 23, 2019. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  11. ^ Paynter, Ben (August 23, 2019). "Sphero acquires littleBits in a bid to rule the $150B educational toy market". Fast Company. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  12. ^ Stein, Scott. "Sphero acquires Littlebits, consolidating the educational tech landscape". CNET. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
  13. ^ Mike Schramm (January 8, 2011). "Hands-on with Sphero at the CES 2011". TUAW.
  14. ^ Chris Velazco (September 14, 2011). "Sphero Sports New Body, Rolls Closer To Official Release". TechCrunch. AOL.
  15. ^ a b "Orbotix Sphero". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved February 7, 2014.
  16. ^ "Tech Specs" (Press release). Orbotix. Retrieved February 7, 2014.
  17. ^ Bonnington, Christina (August 14, 2013). "Review: Orbotix Sphero 2.0". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  18. ^ a b c Chelsea Stark (August 30, 2012). "Robotic Ball Sphero Rolls Gaming to a Whole New Level". Mashable.
  19. ^ Eric Savitz (January 9, 2013). "CES: Hey, Sphero! Shall We Play A Game?". Forbes.
  20. ^ Susie Ochs (August 21, 2013). "Review: Sphero 2.0 is a brighter, faster, smartphone-controlled ball of fun". Macworld.
  21. ^ Peckham, Matt (September 4, 2014). "Hands On: Ollie Is an Acrobatic Mini-Robot Designed for Speed". Time. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  22. ^ "Ollie FAQ". July 2, 2018. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  23. ^ "Disney's support for start-ups led to one new company winning a dream Star Wars contract". TheNational.ae. August 15, 2015. Retrieved September 5, 2015.
  24. ^ "Sphero | Unlocking the true potential of play". Sphero. Retrieved October 7, 2017.
  25. ^ Stein, Scott (May 24, 2017). "Sphero's newest toy is a Pixar character come to life". CNET. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  26. ^ a b c d "Three Different Robots. All Kinds of Awesome". Sphero. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  27. ^ "With the Sphero Mini, you get a robotic ball for just $49.99". TechCrunch. Oath Inc. September 29, 2017. Retrieved February 21, 2019.