Square (cipher)

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Designers Joan Daemen, Vincent Rijmen
First published 1997
Successors AES, CRYPTON, Twofish, Serpent
Cipher detail
Key sizes 128 bits
Block sizes 128 bits
Structure substitution-permutation network
Rounds 8

In cryptography, Square (sometimes written SQUARE) is a block cipher invented by Joan Daemen and Vincent Rijmen. The design, published in 1997, is a forerunner to Rijndael, which has been adopted as the Advanced Encryption Standard. Square was introduced together with a new form of cryptanalysis discovered by Lars Knudsen, called the "Square attack".

The structure of Square is a substitution–permutation network with eight rounds, operating on 128-bit blocks and using a 128-bit key.

Square is not patented.


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