St Patrick's Street
St. Patrick's Street looking south in 2006
|Grand Parade, Merchant's Quay, Lavitt's Quay|
St Patrick's Street (Irish: Sráid Naomh Pádraig) is the main shopping street of the city of Cork in the south of Ireland. Since its redevelopment in 2004, it has twice won the award as Ireland's best shopping street. St Patrick's Street is colloquially known to some locals as "Pana".
The street dates from the late 18th Century as the city expanded beyond the walls of the ancient city which was centered on North & South Main Street. During the 1780s many of the streets that now form the city centre of Cork were formed by the spanning of the river channels between the islands of the Lee.
Parts of Patrick Street were extensively damaged during the Irish War of Independence in an event known as the "Burning of Cork" in 1920. This included the Munster Arcade and Grant's department store.
From 1898 to 1931, the street was served by the Cork Electric Tramways and Lighting Company. Services started on 22 December 1898, however closed on 30 September 1931 due to increasing popularity of bus services operated by The Irish Omnibus Company, and the takeover of the company's electricity plant by the Irish Electricity Supply Board.
In 2004, the street was redeveloped by architect Beth Gali in order to make the street more friendly to pedestrians. This included repaving of the street and widening of pedestrian pavements in order to create plazas.
Between March and April 2018, Cork City Council banned afternoon traffic on Patrick Street, with only public transport traffic allowed between 3:00 p.m. and 6:30 p.m. This was lifted within a few weeks due to a reported impact on city centre traders.
Businesses and landmarks
The street is home to a number of retail and department stores, including Brown Thomas, Dunnes Stores, Debenhams (located in the previous Roches Stores building), Marks & Spencer and Penneys, at the northern end of the street. The opposite end includes smaller units, with jewellery stores such as Pandora, video game stores like GameStop, and health store Holland & Barrett. In the early 21st century, the street saw various modernisation and rejuvenation projects. These included the opening of Opera Lane in 2010, the redesigning of shop facades in 2016, and the development of the former Capitol Cinema site in 2017.
- "Cork history initiative - Patrick Street". Cork Past & Present. Cork City Library.
- "St Patrick's Street-Historic Outline". Cork Past & Present. Cork City Library.
- "Patrick Street - Redevelopment". Cork Past & Present. Cork City Library. 22 September 2004. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
- Roche, Barry (March 27, 2018). "Cork bans private cars on Patrick Street in the afternoons". The Irish Times. Retrieved April 19, 2018.
- Bermingham, Darragh (April 21, 2018). "Victory for the traders: city businesses celebrate as car ban parked". Evening Echo. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
- "Cork set for multi-million euro retail rebuild". Irish Examiner. 28 April 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
- "Stores in The Capitol confirmed; Oyster Tavern to reopen". Irish Examiner. 26 March 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
- "Selected places of interest". Cork Past & Present. Cork City Library. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
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