Stefan Dąb-Biernacki

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General
Stefan Dąb-Biernacki
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Stefan Dąb-Biernacki
Born (1890-01-07)7 January 1890
Gnojno
Died 9 February 1959(1959-02-09) (aged 69)
London
Allegiance  Poland
Years of service 1914-1918 (Polish Legions)
1918-1940 (Polish Army)
Rank General
Battles/wars World War I
Polish-Soviet War
World War II
Awards Officer's badge "Parasol"
Knight's Cross of the Order of Virtuti Militari Gold Cross of Virtuti Militari Silver Cross of Virtuti Militari
Commander's Cross with Star of the Order of Polonia Restituta Commander's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta Cross of Independence
Cross of Valour Cross of Valour Cross of Valour Cross of Valour
Gold Cross of Merit Medal of 10 year anniversary of Independence Medal Commemorating 1918-1921
Chevalier of the Legion of Honour (France) Order of the White Eagle (Serbia) Order of Lāčplēsis (Latvia)

Stefan Dąb-Biernacki (7 January 1890, Gnojno - 9 February 1959, London) was a Polish general.[1]

Early career[edit]

Member of the Polish Legions in World War I, fought in the Polish-Soviet War commanding regiments and later 1DPLeg. Has distinguished himself during the retreat from Ukraine, and battles in 1920 on Vistula and Niemen, receiving Virtuti Militari medal, but was also criticized by some for overly risky strategies resulting in heavy casualties.

Commander of 1DPLeg until 1926, worked with GISZ until 1930, later an inspector of the army. In 1931 he caused controversy by ordering one of his political opponents, journalist Stanisław Cywiński, assaulted and demanded his imprisonment in Detention Camp Bereza Kartuska.

World War II[edit]

During the 1939 Invasion of Poland he served as commander of Army Prusy and later of the Northern Front. After the defeat at battle of Tomaszów Lubelski he managed to evacuate to France through Hungary. Criticized for his actions; particularly abandoning his units during retreat beyond Vistula. Was imprisoned by the Allies in London, then allowed to leave for the Irish Free State. Eventually allowed to settle in Wales.

Honours and awards[edit]

References[edit]

  • Janusz Odziemkowski, Leksykon Wojny Polsko-Rosyjskiej 1919-1920, Oficyna Wydawnica RYTM, 2004, ISBN 83-7399-096-8, p. 220