Stefan Dragutin of Serbia
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Polish Wikipedia. (February 2015)|
King Dragutin, (founder's portrait (fresco) in Saint Achillius Church, painted during his lifetime, around 1296)
|King of Serbia|
|Predecessor||Stefan Uroš I|
|Successor||Stefan Uroš II Milutin|
|Spouse||Catherine of Hungary|
|Issue||Stefan Vladislav II of Syrmia
Elizabeth, Banness of Bosnia
|Father||Stefan Uroš I of Serbia|
|Mother||Helen of Anjou|
|Died||12 March 1316|
He ruled Serbia until his abdication in 1282, when he became ill. He continued to rule the royal domains of Syrmia as King of Syrmia, and his younger brother succeeded him as ruler of Serbia. Later he became a monk and changed his name to Teokist. In the list of Serbian saints, Stefan Dragutin is venerated on 12 November or 30 October (Old Style and New Style dates).
Dragutin was the eldest son of king Stefan Uroš I of Serbia by Helen of Anjou. He married Catherine, daughter of Hungarian king Stephen V. He was the leading Hungarophile in Serbian politics, and because of this he came in conflict with his father, from whom he then usurped the throne in 1276 with help of Hungary, after a clash with his forces at Battle of Gacko.
Dragutin divided the kingdom in three parts: Queen Helen held Zeta, Trebinje, Plav and Poibarje; his younger brother Milutin held the southern lands, while Dragutin held the larger, northern part. He began to attack the Byzantine Empire but had no success.
Kingdom of Syrmia
In 1282 he broke his leg while hunting and became ill; he passed the throne to his younger brother Stefan Milutin at the council at Deževo 1282, while keeping for himself some northern parts of the country. Since his son Vladislav married the relative of a Hungarian king, Dragutin in 1284 gained from Ladislaus IV of Hungary areas of Mačva with Belgrade, and the Bosnian areas Soli and Usora, which he ruled until 1316, establishing family relations with Bosnian ban Stephen I Kotromanić. His new state was named Kingdom of Srem. The first capital of his state was Debrc (between Belgrade and Šabac), and later he moved his residence to Belgrade. He is the first of the Serb rulers who ruled from the capital of Belgrade.
In that time the name Srem was designation for two territories: Upper Srem (present day Srem) and Lower Srem (present day Mačva). Kingdom of Srem under the rule of Stefan Dragutin was actually Lower Srem. Some historical sources mention that Stefan Dragutin also ruled over Upper Srem and Slavonija, but the other sources mention another local ruler who ruled over Upper Srem. The name of this ruler was Ugrin Csák.
Near the end of the 13th century Stefan Dragutin expanded his territory, adding Braničevo and Kučevo. He came into conflict with his brother Milutin when Milutin wanted to create stronger political ties with the Byzantine Empire and obviously did not intend to give the throne to Dragutin's son Vladislav as agreed. Conflict between the brothers was calmed by the clergy in 1313. Near the end of his life he separated from his Hungarian friends and strengthened his connections in Serbia. He later became a monk and changed his name to Teoktist. He died in 1316 and was buried in the Đurđevi Stupovi monastery near Novi Pazar. After Dragutin died, his son Stefan Vladislav II became the new ruler of the Kingdom of Srem.
His legacy includes some splendid monasteries, most notable among them: monastery Mala Remeta on Fruška Gora, dedicated to the Shroud of the Mother of God; St. Achillios church near Arilje (1296); and a monastery Đurđevi stupovi with St. George church in Ras (now Novi Pazar), where he was buried.
- Stefan Vladislav II, king of Srem (1316–1325).
- Elizabeth of Serbia, married in 1284 to Stephen I, Ban of Bosnia, becoming mother of Stephen II, Ban of Bosnia.
- Urošic (Урошиц), died as a monk.
- John V.A. Fine, Jr., The Late Medieval Balkans, Ann Arbor, 1987.
- Miomir Filipović — Fića, Tri cara i trideset i jedan kralj srpskog naroda, Čikago, 1992.
- Drago Njegovan, Prisajedinjenje Vojvodine Srbiji, Novi Sad, 2004.
- Small encyclopedia "Sveznanje" published by "Narodno delo", Belgrade, in 1937 which is today in public domain. Part of this article might be written from the point of view of that place and time and may not reflect modern opinions or recent discoveries.
- Age, marriage and progeny information from The genealogy and coats of arms of Serbian dynasties and feudals (Родословне таблице и грбови српских династија и властеле); editors Aleksa Ivić (1928), Dušan Spasić, Aleksandar Palavestra and Dušan Mrđenović (1987); Bata, Belgrade, ISBN 86-7685-007-0 (1928), ISBN 86-7335-050-6 (1987) (in Serbian language).
- Mihailo Dinić, Област краља Драгутина после Дежева [King Dragutin's territory after Deževo], Glas 203, 1951, 61-82
- Dragana Lazarević, Teritorija kralja Dragutina Glasnik, Međuopštinski Istorijski Arhiv Valjeva (1990)
Stefan Dragutin of SerbiaDied: 12 March 1316
Stefan Uroš I
|King of Serbia
Stefan Uroš II Milutin
|King of Syrmia
Stefan Vladislav II