Danilo II, Serbian Archbishop
|His Holiness, Archbishop of Serbs|
Archbishop of All Serbian and Maritime Lands
Saint Danilo II, fresco from Patriarchal Monastery of Peć
|Church||Serbian Orthodox Church|
|See||Monastery of Peć|
|Denomination||Eastern Orthodox Christian|
|Feast day||2 January [O.S. 20 December]|
|Canonized||by Serbian Orthodox Church|
Danilo II (Serbian Cyrillic: Данило II) was the Archbishop of Serbs 1324 to 1337, under the rule of Kings Stephen Uroš III (1321–1331) and Dušan the Mighty (1331–1355, crowned Emperor in 1345). As a Serbian monk, he was also a chronicler, active in court and Church politics, holding the office during the zenith of the Nemanjić dynasty-era; he wrote many biographies which are considered part of the most notable medieval Serbian literature. He was proclaimed Saint Danilo II (Свети Данило II) of the Serbian Orthodox Church, and is celebrated on the same day as Saint Ignatius of Antioch on 2 January [O.S. 20 December].
Life and work
Born around 1270, his given name is not recorded, only that he belonged to a Serbian noble family. He was endowed with a fine intellect and a noble disposition; he had received an excellent education at the hands of the most learned men in Medieval Serbia and in Byzantium. Danilo wrote biographies of Serbian medieval kings and archbishops, including the biography of Jelena, the wife of King Stephen Dragutin of Serbia (1276–1282). His monumental work is referred to in the poetry of Serbian folklore as knjige starostavne (the ancient books) and knjige carostavne (the royal books). As a result of his work, many historical details concerning both the rulers of medieval Serbia and the members of the Nemanjić dynasty have been preserved.
He is included in The 100 most prominent Serbs.
- Lazarević dynasty
- Battle of Kosovo
- Princess Milica of Serbia
- Stefan Lazarević
- Stefan Dušan
- Teodosije the Hilandarian (1246-1328), one of the most important Serbian writers in the Middle Ages
- Elder Grigorije (fl. 1310-1355), builder of Saint Archangels Monastery
- Antonije Bagaš (fl. 1356-1366), bought and restored the Agiou Pavlou monastery
- Lazar the Hilandarian (fl. 1404), the first known Serbian and Russian watchmaker
- Pachomius the Serb (fl. 1440s-1484), hagiographer of the Russian Church
- Miroslav Gospel
- Gabriel the Hilandarian
- Constantine of Kostenets
- Cyprian, Metropolitan of Kiev and All Rus'
- Gregory Tsamblak
- Isaija the Monk
- Grigorije of Gornjak
- Rajčin Sudić
- Jakov of Serres
- Romylos of Vidin
- Nicodemus of Tismana
- Dimitar of Kratovo
- Translated and adapted from Serbian: https://www.rastko.rs/kosovo/pecarsija/ljudi/vl_sava-danilo_II_l.html
- Episkop šumadijski Sava (2001) . "Sveti Danilo II arhiepiskop srpski". Srpski jerarsi od IX do XX veka (in Serbian). Projekat Rastko. Archived from the original on 2015-04-02.
- Лопандић, Душко (2009). "Архиепископ српски Данило II" (in Serbian). Politikin zabavnik. Archived from the original on 2014-06-04.
- Justin Sp Popović (1976). Žitija svetih (in Serbian). Izdanje Manastire sv. Ćelije kod Valjeva.
- Archbishop Danilo II; Đura Daničić (1866). Životi kraljeva i arhiepiskopa srpskih (in Serbian). US. Galca.
- "Архиепископ Данило II и његово доба". Међународни научни скуп поводом 650 година од смрти (in Serbian). Belgrade: САНУ. December 1987.
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|Eastern Orthodox Church titles|
| Archbishop of Serbs