|Born||Stefan Artur Schnabel
February 2, 1912
|Died||March 11, 1999
|Spouse(s)||Marion Kohler (married 1947–1999)|
Stefan Artur Schnabel (2 February 1912, Berlin, Germany – 11 March 1999, Rogaro, Italy) was a German-born American actor who worked in theatre, radio, films and television. After moving to the United States in 1937 he became one of the original members of Orson Welles's Mercury Theatre repertory company. He portrayed Dr. Stephen Jackson on the CBS daytime TV series, The Guiding Light, for 17 years.
Stefan Artur Schnabel was born February 2, 1912, in Berlin, Germany. He was the younger son of the classical pianist Artur Schnabel and contralto Therese Behr Schnabel. His older brother was the pianist Karl Ulrich Schnabel.
"My father used to say that there was never a doorknob in our house that wasn't in somebody's hand," Schnabel said in a 1981 interview. "Both of my parents were musicians and teachers and so our house was always filled with pupils, and I would entertain them by dancing or doing something in pantomime since most of the pupils were foreigners." As a child Schnabel was assigned to teach the German language to his parents' American and Australian students. As a result, he had such proficiency in English that he was able to join The Old Vic repertory theatre company when his family emigrated to England after Hitler's rise to power. He studied with the Old Vic for four years. He made his debut in 1933 as an off-stage wind noise in The Tempest, and later played in Antony and Cleopatra (1934), Major Barbara (1935), As You Like It (1936), and the 1937 production of Hamlet starring Laurence Olivier.
In March 1937 Schnabel moved to New York and began working in radio. Among the first of the more than 5,000 radio shows on which he performed was The Shadow, starring Orson Welles. Schnabel joined Welles's Mercury Theatre repertory company and appeared as Metellus Cimber in its inaugural Broadway production, a landmark modern-dress production of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar (1937–38) that evoked Nazi Germany. When Welles created the CBS radio series, The Mercury Theatre on the Air, Schnabel performed on episodes including the legendary broadcast, "The War of the Worlds".
When Mercury Productions moved to the West Coast, Schnabel was one of the actors Welles cast in Heart of Darkness,:63–65 the film he first proposed for RKO Pictures before settling instead on Citizen Kane. After elaborate pre-production the project never reached production because Welles was unable to sufficiently trim its budget to compensate for lost revenue in the wartime overseas market.:30–31
Schnabel made his screen debut in a subsequent Mercury production, the 1943 film, Journey into Fear. He was in more than 60 films, including The Iron Curtain (1948), Houdini (1953), The Counterfeit Traitor (1962), Firefox (1982) and Green Card (1990).
Schnabel became a naturalized U.S. citizen in August 1941. He served with the U.S Army's Office of Strategic Services during World War II, broadcasting propaganda messages to his native Germany and working with the underground in England, Germany, France and the Netherlands. He was awarded a Certificate of Merit.
After his war service Schnabel performed in the Orson Welles–Cole Porter Broadway musical extravaganza, Around the World (1946). His other stage credits include the 1938 Mercury Theatre production of The Shoemaker's Holiday; Eva Le Gallienne's 1944 revival of The Cherry Orchard; Peter Ustinov's Love of Four Colonels (1953); and A Very Rich Woman (1965) by Ruth Gordon. He portrayed physicist Hans Bethe in In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer (1969), appeared in Tom Stoppard's adaptation of Schnitzler's Undiscovered Country (1981), and was again on Broadway in Mike Nichols's production of Andrew Bergman's Social Security (1986).
"When I first became Dr. Jackson, he was a curmudgeon, a very gruff character with a heart of gold. Now I am exclusively good and sweet," Schnabel told The New York Times in 1981. "A soap opera is the only dramatic form I know where you can develop a character for 25 years. … As an actor, if your role on a soap opera is long-lasting, it's possibly the only financial security you know, and it enables you to more or less pick and choose what you want to do with the rest of your time."
Schnabel and actress Marion Kohler, a fellow member of the Around the World cast, were married in 1947. They lived in Rowayton, Connecticut, for 45 years, founded the Rainbow Theater in Norwalk, and appeared there together in plays including T. S. Eliot's The Confidential Clerk and Friedrich Dürrenmatt's The Physicists. In 1992 the couple moved to Rogaro, Italy.
Schnabel died March 11, 1999, following a heart attack.
- Journey into Fear (1943)
- Ancestry.com. New York, Naturalization Records, 1882–1944 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012. The National Archives and Records Administration; Washington, D.C.; Petitions for Naturalization from the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, 1897-1944; Series: M1972; Roll: 1293
- Vallance, Tom (March 25, 1999). "Obituary: Stefan Schnabel". The Independent. Retrieved 2015-03-05.
- "Therese Behr Schnabel (1876-1959)". The Schnabel Music Foundation. Retrieved 2015-03-05.
- Frankel, Haskell (March 15, 1981). "A Career Touched with Luck". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-03-05.
- "Julius Caesar". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 2015-03-05.
- Lloyd, Norman (1993). Stages of life in theatre, film, and television. New York: Limelight Editions. ISBN 9780879101664.
- Welles, Orson; Bogdanovich, Peter; Rosenbaum, Jonathan (1992). This is Orson Welles. New York: HarperCollins Publishers. ISBN 0-06-016616-9.
- "Journey into Fear". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved 2015-03-05.
- "Stefan Schnabel". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved 2015-03-05.
- Ancestry.com. New York, Index to Petitions for Naturalization filed in New York City, 1792–1989 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2007.
- Gussow, Mel (March 17, 1999). "Stefan Schnabel, 87, Actor on Stage and TV". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-03-05.
- "Stefan Schnabel". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 2015-03-05.
- "Around the World". The Billboard. 8 (23): 53. June 8, 1946. Retrieved 2015-03-05.
- "Me and Orson Welles". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2015-03-05.