Stepnogorsk (Kazakh: Степногор/Stepnogor, Russian: Степногорск) is a town in Akmola Region, Kazakhstan. It was established in 1959, and has been a town since 1964. It is located about 200km North-East of Astana. It began as a secret town with code names Tselinograd-25 (Russian: Целиноград-25), Makinsk-2 (Russian: Макинск-2). The town is known as a nuclear and biochemical site. Population: 46,712 (2009 Census results);47,372 (1999 Census results).