The Stick style was a late-19th-century American architectural style, transitional between the Carpenter Gothic style of the mid-19th century, and the Queen Anne style that it had evolved into by the 1890s. It is named after its use of linear "stickwork" (overlay board strips) on the outside walls to mimic an exposed half-timbered frame.
The style sought to bring a translation of the balloon framing that had risen in popularity during the middle of the century, by alluding to it through plain trim boards, soffits, aprons, and other decorative features. Stick-style architecture is recognizable by the relatively plain layout, often accented with trusses on the gables or decorative shingles.
The stickwork decoration is not structurally significant, being just narrow planks or thin projections applied over the wall's clapboards. The planks intersect mostly at right angles, and sometimes diagonally as well, resembling the half-timbering of medieval – especially Tudor – buildings.
The style was commonly used in houses, train stations, life-saving stations, and other buildings from the era.
The Stick style did have several characteristics in common with the later Queen Anne style: interpenetrating roof planes with bold panelled brick chimneys, the wrap-around porch, spindle detailing, the "panelled" sectioning of blank wall, radiating spindle details at the gable peaks. Highly stylized and decorative versions of the Stick style are often referred to as Eastlake.
Stick–Eastlake is a style term that uses details from the Eastlake movement, started by Charles Eastlake, of decorative arts on stick-style buildings. It is sometimes referred to as Victorian stick, a variation of stick and Eastlake styles. Stick–Eastlake enjoyed modest popularity in the late 19th century, but there are relatively few surviving examples of the style when compared to other more popular styles of Victorian architecture.
The Herman C. Timm House in New Holstein, Wisconsin, has stickwork painted in a darker brown for contrast.
Saint Peter's-By-The-Sea Episcopal Church, Cape May Point, New Jersey, Stick-Eastlake architecture
The John N. A. Griswold House in Newport, RI
The Vollmer House in San Francisco, CA
- Chatham Train Station in Chatham, Massachusetts
- Delaware and Hudson Railroad Passenger Station (Altamont Free Library) in Altamont, New York
- John N. A. Griswold House in Newport, Rhode Island
- Hinds House in Santa Cruz, California
- Orfordville Depot in Orfordville, Wisconsin
- Emlen Physick Estate in Cape May, New Jersey
- John Reichert Farmhouse in Mequon, Wisconsin
- Swampscott Railroad Depot in Swampscott, Massachusetts
- Herman C. Timm House in New Holstein, Wisconsin
- Hereford Inlet lighthouse in North Wildwood, New Jersey
- Point Fermin Lighthouse in San Pedro in Los Angeles, California
- Ladd Carriage House in Portland, Oregon
- Howland Library (Howland Cultural Center) in Beacon, New York
- William J. Clark House in Branford, Connecticut
- Vollmer House in San Francisco, California
- ^ McAlester, Virginia & Lee (1984). A Field Guide to American Houses. Alfred A. Knopf. pp. 254–261. ISBN 0-394-73969-8.
- ^ Perissinotti, Frank (2002). "Diagram of a Stick-Eastlake house". Visual Communications - History of Architecture.
- ^ Shrock, Joel (2004). The Gilded Age. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-313-32204-4.
small wooden boards [...] that were often horizontal, diagonal, and vertical. [...] These decorative cross timbers were also called stickwork.
- ^ Lanier, Gabrielle M. (1997). Everyday Architecture of the Mid-Atlantic: Looking at Buildings and Landscapes. JHU Press. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-8018-5325-8.
- ^ Palmer, Allison Lee (2011-06-10). Historical Dictionary of Romantic Art and Architecture. Scarecrow Press. p. 229. ISBN 978-0-8108-7473-2.
The stick-style home, popular from 1860 to 1890, was a wooden home with a gabled roof that featured diagonal wooden trusses in the gables much like the Tudor revival.
- ^ "The Train Depot", Village of Altamont website
- Foster, Gerald L., American houses: a field guide to the architecture of the home, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2004. Cf. p. 387 and various.
- Media related to Stick style architecture in the United States at Wikimedia Commons
- Stick-Eastlake architecture
- Stick-Eastlake architecture in the United States
- 19th-century architecture in the United States
- American architectural styles
- House styles
- Queen Anne architecture in the United States
- Victorian architectural styles
- Victorian architecture in the United States
- Wooden buildings and structures in the United States