Stryphnodendron adstringens

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Stryphnodendron adstringens
Stryphnodendron adstringens.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae[1]
(unranked): Mimosoid clade[1]
Genus: Stryphnodendron
Species: S. adstringens
Binomial name
Stryphnodendron adstringens
(Mart.) Coville

Stryphnodendron adstringens (Portuguese: barbatimão) is a species of legume in the genus Stryphnodendron found in Brazil.

Holcocera cerradicola is a moth, whose larvae feed on S. adstringens.

Chemistry[edit]

S. adstringens stem bark is used to produce tannins of the prorobinetinidins (flavanols oligomers containing robinetinidol) or prodelphinidins type. These are robinetinidol-(4β → 8)-epigallocatechin, robinetinidol-(4α → 8)-epigallocatechin, robinetinidol-(4β → 8)-epigallocatechin 3-O-gallate, robinetinidol-(4α → 8)-epigallocatechin 3-O-gallate, robinetinidol-(4α → 6)-gallocatechin and robinetinidol-(4α → 6)-epigallocatechin, in addition to the tentatively characterized, robinetinidol [4β → 6(8)]-gallocatechin and robinetinidol-(4α → 8)-gallocatechin.[2][3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Legume Phylogeny Working Group (LPWG). (2017). "A new subfamily classification of the Leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny". Taxon. 66 (1): 44–77. doi:10.12705/661.3. 
  2. ^ Prorobinetinidins from Stryphnodendron adstringens. Palazzo de Mello J.; Petereit F.; Nahrstedt A., Phytochemistry, 1996.
  3. ^ Influence of tannins from Stryphnodendron adstringens on growth and virulence factors of Candida albicans. Kelly Ishida, João Carlos Palazzo de Mello, Diógenes Aparício Garcia Cortez, Benedito Prado Dias Filho, Tânia Ueda-Nakamura and Celso Vataru Nakamura, Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy, 2006 58(5):942-949

External links[edit]