In computing, a stylus (or stylus pen) is a small pen-shaped instrument that is used to input commands to a computer screen, mobile device or graphics tablet. With touchscreen devices, a user places a stylus on the surface of the screen to draw or make selections by tapping the stylus on the screen. In this manner, the stylus can be used instead of a mouse or trackpad as a pointing device, a technique commonly called pen computing.
The stylus is the primary input device for personal digital assistants. It is used on the Nintendo DS and 3DS handheld game consoles, and the Wii U's Wii U GamePad. Some smartphones, such as Windows Mobile phones, require a stylus for accurate input. However, devices featuring multi-touch finger-input are becoming more popular than stylus-driven devices in the smartphone market; capacitive stylus, different from standard stylus, can be used for these finger-touch devices (iPhone, etc.). Also the stylus (S-Pen) is used in the famous Galaxy Note series manufactured by Samsung Electronics.
Graphics tablets use a stylus containing circuitry (powered by battery or operating passively by change of inductance), to allow multi-function buttons on the barrel of the pen or stylus to transmit user actions to the tablet. Most tablets detect varying degrees of pressure sensitivity, e.g. for use in a drawing program to vary line thickness or color density.
Beyond the side of the input mechanism, there has been a need for the physical output of the stylus. Recently, new pen-based interfaces have been proposed to simulate the realistic physical sensations on digital surfaces (e.g., tablet computer, smart phone etc.) to allow users to feel as if they feel like analog-pen writing, for instance, RealPen Project.
The first use of a stylus in a computing device was the Styalator, demonstrated by Tom Dimond in 1957.
- Shelly, Gary B.; Misty E. Vermaat (2009). Discovering Computers: Fundamentals. Cengage Learning. ISBN 978-0-495-80638-7. Retrieved 3 November 2009.
- "Giz Explains: The Magic Behind Touchscreens". Gizmodo. 13 August 2008. Retrieved 3 November 2009.
- Charles Arthur (20 October 2009). "Windows Mobile: where's the love? And where's the sales figure?". The Guardian. London.
- Brandon, John (15 December 2008). "The Age of Touch Computing: A Complete Guide". PC World.
- Cho, Youngjun. "RealPen: Providing Realism in Handwriting Tasks on Touch Surfaces using Auditory-Tactile Feedback". ACM. pp. 195–205.
- Dimond, Tom (1957-12-01). "Devices for reading handwritten characters". Proceedings of Eastern Joint Computer Conference. pp. 232–237. Retrieved 2008-08-23.
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