Suicide bombings in Sri Lanka
Suicide Bombing was a popular tactic of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam . According to Jane's Information Group, between 1980 and 2000, the LTTE carried out 168 suicide attacks causing heavy damage on civilian, economic and military targets.
Civilians have been targeted on numerous occasions, including during a high-profile attack on Colombo's International Airport in 2001 that caused damage to several commercial airliners and military jets, and killed 16 people. The LTTE terrorist organization was also responsible for a 1998 attack on the Buddhist shrine, and UNESCO world heritage site, Sri Dalada Maligawa in Kandy that killed 8 worshippers. The attack was symbolic in that the shrine, which houses a sacred tooth of the Buddha, is the holiest Buddhist shrine in Sri Lanka. Other Buddhist shrines have been attacked, notably the Sambuddhaloka Temple in Colombo that killed 9 worshippers.
List of suicide attacks
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The first prominent suicide bombing by the LTTE occurred in 1987 when Captain Miller drove a truck laden with explosives into a Sri Lankan army camp killing 40 soldiers. He is heralded by the LTTE as the first Black Tiger.
The use of suicide bombing by the LTTE became notorious in the 90s when they developed a unique suicide bomb vest that would be emulated by terrorist groups around the world including the Middle East. On May 21, 1991, the LTTE achieved the distinction of being the first terrorist group to kill a world leader when they had Thenmozhi Rajaratnam blow herself up at a campaign rally for Rajiv Gandhi killing him and 14 other bystanders.
- List of massacres in Sri Lanka
- List of attacks attributed to the LTTE
- List of attacks attributed to Sri Lankan government forces
- Suicide in Sri Lanka
- List of people assassinated by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
- "Sri Lanka (LTTE) Historical Background". IISS Armed Conflict Database. International Institute for Strategic Studies. 2003. Archived from the original on 2009-01-12. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- Venkataramanan, K (24 July 2001). "LTTE Attacks Colombo Airport, Airbase". Rediff.com India. Press Trust of India. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- "LTTE's bomb Attack - Sri Dalada Maligawa in Sri Lanka". Society for Peace, Unity and human Rights in Sri Lanka. January 1998. Archived from the original on 2009-01-22. Retrieved 2009-02-10.
- "LTTE Tamil Tiger suicide bomb attack near Sambuddhaloka temple in Colombo, Sri Lanka targeting civilians". Society for Peace, Unity and Human Rights in Sri Lanka. 16 May 2008. Archived from the original on 31 January 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- "Suicide terrorism: a global threat". Jane's Information Group. 20 October 2000. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-09.
- Secrets of their success
- Suicide bombers feared and revered
- Ramesh Vinayak (1 February 1999). "The Nation: Terrorism: The RDX Files". India-today.com. Archived from the original on 9 October 2010. Retrieved 7 March 2010.
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