Summergangs, Kingston upon Hull
Summergangs (archaic Somergang) is a suburb of Kingston upon Hull, near the A165 road, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. The area contains the model village development known as The Garden Village, Kingston upon Hull, and the East Park.
'Somergang' is referred to in the early 14th century as common pasture land, and to a cross in Somergang during the same period, also as a pasture called Suttecotes Som'gang (or Suttecotessomergang).
The name may derive from the indo-European word "gang/geng" meaning a road or way plus "summer", referring to a road which was only usable in summer, or from "South" + "Mer" (Mere). The etymologies refer to the wetness of the (low lying) land and to the use of the land during the (drier) summer months.
The fields in Summergangs were enclosed in 1748, a large residence with grounds was constructed soon after on the north side of the road, this was later called Holderness House after rebuilding in the 1830s. Apart from this the Summergangs area remained unused for housing until the 1850s.
By 1855 there were several windmills, a brickworks, as well as the Crown Inn at Mile House; all on the Holderness Road, as well as Holderness House, and the nearby Summergangs Cottages. East Park was opened in 1887, and expanded north-eastward in the next half century to occupy much of Summergangs north of Holderness Road and Holderness House; by the 1890s housing had begun to spread north-eastwards along Holderness Road from Drypool and The Groves as far as Holderness Road, and urbanisation had started to spread into the formerly rural area; along Durham and Jalland Street north-westwards, as well as eastwards along Southcoates Lane towards Southcoates.
In 1908 The Garden Village housing development opened, eventually taking up much of the land south-west of Holderness House and north of Holderness Road. All of the Summergangs area was converted into suburban or urban parkland from 1900 to the 1940s. Since the 1940s the pattern of land usage has remained the same up to 2010.
After the enclosure of Summergangs in 1748 a part owned by William Constable on the north side of the Hull to Hedon road (Holderness Road) was built upon, this dwelling was named Summergangs Hall, and modernised in 1800.
In 1838 the land was sold to Boswell Middleton Jalland who demolished the old house and built a new erection, Holderness House.[Map 1] The building is now a grade II listed building, and functions as a residential home for Ladies.
- East Park, Kingston upon Hull and The Garden Village, Kingston upon Hull – occupying the majority of the Summergangs area
- J. Arthur Rank (1888–1972), of the Rank Organisation, was born at 4, Chestnut Villas (371 Holderness Road)
- List of areas in Kingston upon Hull
- Allison, K.J., ed. (1969). Outlying villages: Drypool : Agriculture. A History of the County of York East Riding:. 1: The City of Kingston upon Hull. pp. 460–464.
- Brown, William, ed. (1906). "Yorkshire inquisitions of the reigns of Henry III. and Edward I". p. 48.
- Blashill 1900, p. 79.
- Allison, K.J., ed. (1969). "Outlying villages: Sutton : Agriculture". A History of the County of York East Riding. 1: The City of Kingston upon Hull. pp. 470–475.
- Blashill 1900, p. 130.
- The dictionary definition of gang at Wiktionary
- Cameron, Kenneth (1961). "15. Roads and Ways". English Place Names. books.google.co.uk. B.T. Batsford / Methuen & Co. Ltd. / Redwood Press Limited. p. 159.
- Poulson, George (1841). The history and antiquities of the seigniory of Holderness, in the East-Riding of the county of York. 2. Thomas Topping, Bowlalley-Lane, Hull / W. Pickering, London. p. 341.
- Blashill 1903, pp. 44–45.
- Blashill 1903, p. 62
- Ordnance Survey, 1855–1856, 1:10.560
- "East Park". Hull City Council. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- Ordnance Survey, 1893–1894, 1:10,560
- Ordnance Survey, 1910, 1928, and 1938–46 editions
- "Holderness Road (West), Hull City Council, section 6.8
- "Holderness House, Kingston Upon Hull". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
- "Holderness House". Holderness House Trust. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
- Philip's Street Atlas East Yorkshire (page 141)
- Blashill, Thomas (1900). Sutton-in-Holderness: the manor, the berewic, and the village community. Elliot Stock, London.
- Blashill, Thomas (1903). Evidences Relating to the Eastern Part of the City of Kingston-upon-Hull. A. Brown & Sons.
- "Holderness Road (West) : Conservation Area Character Appraisal" (PDF). Hull City Council. June 2004. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
- "Holderness Road (East) : Conservation Area Character Appraisal" (PDF). Hull City Council. September 2004. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
- Holderness House, Holderness Road, Kingston upon Hull
- Houlton, J.W. "Summergangs Hall". History of the Garden Village Area. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
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