Suryamal Misran

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Suryamal Misran
Born 1815
Bundi, Rajasthan, India
Died 1868
Occupation Poet

Suryamal Misran (also spelled Suryamall Mishran; 1815–1868) was a poet from Bundi, Rajasthan, India.[1] He hailed from the Charan caste. He knew six languages and was a scholar of grammar, logic, history and politics.[2] He wrote in Hindi, Pingal and Dingal. His important works include Vansh Bhaskar, Vir Satsai, Balwant Vilas and Chhandomayush.[2]

"The boars lay waste the greenery, the elephants muddle the lake, While the lion is lost in his lioness' love oblivious of the stake

Don't be called now Simhas (lions), O Thankurs, while alien mercy you seek

Only those whose paws fell the elephants, are worth the name, not the meek."
--Suryamall Mishran[3]


Misran was a court poet and marely belongs to Charan Cast, His birthplace was Bundi, which was ruled by the great Hada Chauhan dynasty. In the poetry world they are known as "Mahakavi."He undertook the work Vans Bhaskar at the order of Maharao Raja Ramsingh of Bundi. The word Vans means genealogy and Bhaskar means the sun, hence Vans Bhaskar is intended to be a chronicle of the Hada Chauhan dynasty, who claimed to originate from the sun. He intended to write Vans Bhaskar in two volumes and twelve parts as an analogy with the sun, which has two solstices and twelve months in a year. He left the work unfinished at the eighth part of the second volume because of differences with his patron, whose territory became British protectorate, while poet supported the Indian Rebellion of 1857.[4]

Mishran's glorification of local heroes helped to develop the spirit of nationalization in Rajasthan.

In popular culture[edit]

In the recent years, his persona has been staged in theater, most notably in Rajendra Panchal's play Katha Sukavi Suryamall Ki performed by Perafin group of Kota.[5][6]


  1. ^ S.M. Mishran
  2. ^ a b Mukherjee, S. (1999, January). Dictionary of Indian Literature, One, Beginnings 1850. Orient Longman Ltd.
  3. ^ Sisir Kumar Das (1991). A history of Indian literature. Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 81-7201-006-0. 
  4. ^ Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature. [S.l.]: Sahitya Akademi, 1996.
  5. ^  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^  Missing or empty |title= (help)