Surp Asdvadzadzin Cathedral (Adana)

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Surp Asdvadzadzin Cathedral
Surp Asdvadzadzin Cathedral (Adana).jpg
Holy Mother of God
Religion
AffiliationArmenian Apostolic Church,
Diocese of Adana,
Holy See of Cilicia
ProvinceAdana
RegionCilicia
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusdemolished
LeadershipMuşeğ Seropyan
Year consecrated1840
Location
LocationTepebağ, Abidinpaşa Street,
Adana, Turkey
Geographic coordinates36°59′10″N 35°19′39″E / 36.98611°N 35.32750°E / 36.98611; 35.32750Coordinates: 36°59′10″N 35°19′39″E / 36.98611°N 35.32750°E / 36.98611; 35.32750
Architecture
Architect(s)Kireçciyan
TypeChurch
StyleArmenian
General contractorHagop Khalfa

Surp Asdvadzadzin Cathedral (English: Cathedral of the Holy Mother of God, Turkish: Aziz Meryem Ana Kilisesi), was the Armenian Apostolic cathedral of Adana, Cilicia, during the Ottoman Empire. The cathedral was built in 1840 and had served to the Armenian Apostolic community until 1922. Aramian high school and the Armenian Apostolic diocese were also built later in the church property.[1]

Cathedral view from west
Cathedral was not damaged at the massacre of 1909

Surp Asdvadzadzin Cathedral was re-built in 1840 at the site of the former Surp Asdvadzadzin Church that was built in the 13th century during the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. In 1890, under the leadership of Adana archbishop Mkrtich Vehapetyan, the Armenians of Adana celebrated the 50th anniversary of the church. The church was called the "Upper Church" back then because of its position being situated on the hill and St. Stepanos Church was called the "Lower Church" for being on the plain. Major expansion work completed at the church in the early 1900s by the archbishop Muşeğ Seropyan with the support of the Vali Bahri Paşa. The church thus, was converted into a cathedral and hosted the seat of the archbishop. Aramian high school was also built at this time. After the deportation of Adana Armenians at the course of Armenian genocide, the church building was used as a military depot. With the French rule commenced in 1918, the cathedral was restored to its origin; though after 3 years, Christians had to evacuate Cilicia with the withdrawal of French.

The government of Turkey had confiscated the building in 1923 and converted into a state building. In 1930s, the building was rented out to Baki Tonguç, a local cinema entrepreneur. He had opened the largest indoor Cinema Hall of Adana, Tan Sineması, which served until late 1960s.[2] The cathedral was demolished in 1970s, to open space for the construction of the regional headquarters of Turkish Central Bank (Turkish: Merkez Bankası). During the first 50 years of the Republic, Armenian cultural heritage had been largely demolished, destroyed or abandoned in an Anti-Armenian sentiment.[3]

Aramian school at the property

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yeghiayan, Puzant (1970), Ատանայի Հայոց Պատմութիւն [The History of the Armenians of Adana] (in Armenian), Beirut: Union of Armenian Compatriots of Adana, pp. 211–272
  2. ^ Adana with its Armenian cultural heritage, Istanbul: HDV Yayınları, 2018, ISBN 978-605-81657-3-1
  3. ^ "Cultural Genocide". Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute. Retrieved 12 March 2020.