Synarthrosis

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Synarthrosis
Identifiers
Dorlands
/Elsevier
s_32/12776698
TA A03.0.00.003
FMA 7491
Anatomical terminology

A synarthrosis is a type of joint which permits very little or no movement under normal conditions. Most synarthroses joints are fibrous. The upper part of The Skull is one example of synarthrosis.

Suture joints and Gomphosis joints are synarthroses.[1]

Types[edit]

They can be categorised by how the two bones are joined together:

  • Gomphoses are found in the sockets of the teeth. The socket of a tooth is often referred to as a gomphosis (type of a joint in which a conical peg fits into a socket). Normally, there should be an absolutely minimal amount of movement of the teeth in the mandible or maxilla.
  • Synostoses are where two bones that are initially separated eventually fuse together, essentially becoming one bone. In humans the plates of the cranium fuse together as a child approaches adulthood. Children whose cranial plates fuse too early may suffer deformities and brain damage as the skull does not expand properly to accommodate the growing brain, a condition known as craniostenosis.
  • Synchondroses are cartilaginous joint connected by hyaline cartilage, as seen in the epiphyseal plate.
  • Sutures are fibrous joints made of a thin layer of dense fibrous connective tissue that unites skull bones.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Module - Introduction to Joints". Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  2. ^ Principles of Anatomy & Physiology, 12th Edition, Tortora & Derrickson, Pub: Wiley & Sons

External links[edit]