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First TIROS-N satellite.jpg
Mission typeweather
COSPAR ID1978-096A
SATCAT no.11060
Spacecraft properties
Launch mass734 kilograms (1,618 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date11:23, October 13, 1978 (UTC) (1978-10-13T11:23Z)[1]
RocketAtlas F[1]
Launch siteVandenberg Air Force Base
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
Perigee altitude829 kilometers (515 mi)
Apogee altitude845 kilometers (525 mi)
Period101.70 min

TIROS-N satellite is the first of the TIROS-N series. It is a weather satellite launched in October 13, 1978.[2] It was designed to become operational in 2 years. Its mass is 734 kilograms.[2] Its perigee to Earth is 829 kilometers. Its apogee is 845 kilometers away from Earth. Its inclination is 98.70 degrees. It was managed by the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA); designed and launched by NASA. The spacecraft was 3-axis stabilized.[2] TIROS-N was operated for 868 days until deactivated by NOAA on February 27, 1981.[3]

Gallery of cyclones captured by this satellite[edit]


  1. ^ a b "NSSDCA-Master Catalog-TIROS-N". nssdca.gsfc.nasa.gov. NASA. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c "Tiros N". Archived from the original on June 24, 2014. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
  3. ^ "TIROS-N/NOAA Program -- 1978-1986". NASA. Archived from the original on December 9, 2014. Retrieved May 10, 2014.

External links[edit]