Talk:American Red Cross

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National Response Plan[edit]

This section is out of date. ARC is no longer the principal agency for Emergency Function 6 (mass care, housing, and human services) in what is now called the National Response Framework. FEMA is now the lead for this function, working closely with the Red Cross (FEMA takes responsibility, and coordinates, but mostly ARC does the work still). People decided that after Katrina, having the Red Cross telling other government agencies what to do, even within just this function, doesn't make sense. I thought about just taking it out, but maybe someone would be willing to rewrite it instead, to reflect this? Nam1123 (talk) 17:22, 9 June 2009 (UTC)

I made changes to reflect the most recent information about the National Response Framework. Riaglo (talk) 16:47, 18 August 2011 (UTC)

CFR 21[edit]

From an edit by User:209.213.198.25 to the article): The blood collection and distribution of American Red Cross is regulated under the Code of Federal Regulations Title 21 as some of the drug and computer systems associated with the collecting, testing, and distribution of blood products is regulated as a medical device. Is this true in its entirety? This statement should be reviewed for accuracy. Just post the letter that is the best piece of evidence and is NPOV. The current statement is biased for there is no history behind the CFR 21 reference.

I don't know about NPOV, but the information seems too specific to be encyclopedic in nature. Unless someone can word it in such a way that it makes sense to a medical moron such as me, I say its best left outside the article. SwissCelt 19:55, 7 Jun 2005 (UTC)
Reference to CFR 21 has been removed from the article. -ErinHowarth (talk) 19:36, 23 January 2009 (UTC)

neutrality[edit]

Could someone explain why the neutrality of the biomedical section is disputed? It was flagged, but no explanation given. March 1, 2006

The neutrality tag has been removed. -ErinHowarth (talk) 19:36, 23 January 2009 (UTC)

Comair[edit]

I'm wondering why Comair Air Crash is listed under Other Responses? It doesn't seem feasible to list every ARC disaster response in this article nor is it clear what the criteria for inclusion should be. I would rather see details about the ARC's responsibilities in responding to air transportation accidents as delineated by NTSB. ~~Dizman

The section on the Comair Flight remains a part of the article. I imagine it was added because it ranks as one of the worst air disaster in the United States. I agree that entry is not well written. It's' difficult to grasp the significance of the event without reading the article about the event itself. It might be better to create a brief list of the most significant Red Cross responses with links to the articles and then on those articles add more details about the Red Cross response. -ErinHowarth (talk) 19:36, 23 January 2009 (UTC)

Just a thought[edit]

I think maybe this article should be split up. Maybe put the DR's (Disaster Responses) on separate pages and maybe put the controversies on separate pages. Cori Fournier 13:55, 16 February 2007 (UTC) D.S.H.R. Field Supervisor American Red Cross

I agree that the page seems unwieldy at present. I would like to see the biomedical controversies listed under biomedical section and the disaster services controversies listed under the disaster services section. -ErinHowarth (talk) 19:36, 23 January 2009 (UTC)
I disagree. The topic is the American Red Cross, and moving the controversies to another page will give ARC the benefit of "out of sight, out of mind" and thus a boost in public perception. If the organization is not able to withstand such scrutiny, they should remedy the issues, not just try to hide them. 75.208.135.181 (talk) 19:46, 26 September 2010 (UTC)

References[edit]

I've gone through the article checking the references, and adding in details to help us find them again when the URL no longer works. Unfortunately, there are quite a few that were already dead links. I looked for replacements but couldn't find any. For the moment I've just commented them out in the hope that others who have actually seen them might be able to find them again. -- Siobhan Hansa 23:22, 18 April 2007 (UTC)

GA Status[edit]

Am I alone in believing that this article should be nominated for GA Article status? (♠ Taifar ious1♠) 10:04, 15 October 2007 (UTC)

I dont know what that means but the article doesn't seem very well put together in terms of references and to me it seems a bit negative.  For an organization such as The Red Cross I thought I'd see more accolades, information about the good work they do, etc.  Too many "controversies" as if someone has a personal vendetta against the organization.  I wish I knew more about it to add to it, but the reason I'm here is to learn more. Unfortunately that didn't really happen.  —Preceding unsigned comment added by 38.100.143.106 (talk) 20:05, 19 February 2010 (UTC) 

ANRC is Congressionally Chartered[edit]

This article needs history of the congressional chartering. It also needs history of business status. Is it a 501c3 non-profit or what?

Another aspect: Congress changed the Red Cross "Service to Military Families" protocols as a result of hearings into difficulties during Vietnam War. This somewhat coincided with the advent of the "All-Volunteer" Army and assumed a return to the typical overseas deployment scenario, namely ca. 240,000 US soldiers in Cold War Germany, only now they would be all-volunteers (plus, of course, the much shorter tour deployment in South Korea). Nothing on the horizon envisioned the protracted war in Iraq. The specific congressional hearing is referenced, by endnote source, in "Chance and Circumstance: The Draft, The War, and The Vietnam Generation" by Lawrence M. Baskir and William A. Strauss. New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 1978. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 67.108.49.206 (talk) 14:16, 29 October 2007 (UTC)
The military depends upon data provided by Red Cross agents re Service to the Military (esp. to military dependents) for the functioning of government. Nothing implemented in the last 45 years, such as the Army Community Service entities on Army installations, affects the military dependence upon Red Cross agents for information for the functioning of government. The military relies upon such Red Cross services, inasmuch as the military has no such military staffed nation-wide Health & Welfare agency for military dependents, especially those hundreds of miles from the nearest military installation (and, for example, the husband-soldier is in Iraq), which may or may not be of the same service as the, for example, overseas stationed service member. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 67.108.49.206 (talk) 04:37, 27 November 2007 (UTC)
The following is from the on-line, Volunteer Handbook, CORNHUSKER REGIONAL CHAPTER, Lincoln, Nebraska (http://www.redcrosslincolnne.org/media/Vounteer_Handbook_Aug.08.doc):

"The United States Congress has mandated that all Red Cross chapters must provide services for the military and their families and provide relief assistance during all disasters, domestic and international."

—Preceding unsigned comment added by 76.14.240.177 (talk) 00:39, 15 October 2008 (UTC)

Service to the Armed Forces[edit]

"Armed Forces Emergency Services" has changed names to "Service to Armed Forces" as of last month, so I have changed that section heading. The program is the same for now, although services are expected to be refined in the near future.67.100.218.210 19:47, 5 November 2007 (UTC)

Child birth notification as an "emergency" is a stretch. Here would be a better "emergency": A military dependent is religiously "shunned" by members of her religious group; her husband is, for example, in Iraq. Red Cross "Contact" workers, whether they be credentialed in Social Work, or not, are not likely prepared to do religiously intertwined social work. Yet, the American Red Cross is under congressional mandate to provide data on military dependents for the functioning of government in certain cases.

Fair use rationale for Image:Crux Rubra.jpg[edit]

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BetacommandBot (talk) 14:02, 25 February 2008 (UTC)

Service to the Armed Forces[edit]

This section is extremely interpretive, and displays a non-encyclopedic level of opinion in its wording. It should be rewritten —Preceding unsigned comment added by 76.119.8.21 (talk) 00:40, 9 October 2008 (UTC)

I've attempted to clean it up. For the record, I only became a Red Cross volunteer twenty years after the Red Cross assisted me in getting a surgeon to look at my knee at Madigan General Hospital when I was injured on Active Duty in 1970. And they gave me a free cup of coffee ;-) GCW50 (talk) 16:53, 11 December 2008 (UTC)

Defense of Critcisms[edit]

I get the strange feeling that there is an overwhelming defense of the criticisms here that a Red Cross staffer from their NHQ is having their way with the page. I will endeavor to research whether or not this cited "high praise" is accurate. It seems more like a whitewash. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 208.51.187.194 (talk) 20:45, 6 May 2011 (UTC)

First Aid Training and Certification[edit]

I'm surprised that there is no discussion of the role of the Red Cross in First Aid training and certification.Bill (talk) 02:43, 22 May 2011 (UTC)

Disaster Responses Section[edit]

Many of these disasters are out of date and poorly written, with no indication of what makes them notable. The June 2008 Midwest Floods looks like it was lifted directly off of a press release. Some discussion on how to structure this article is needed - should a more comprehensive list of notable disasters be moved to a separate article? There is also a need to decide how to organize international disasters that the ARC responded to. Riaglo (talk) 18:27, 18 August 2011 (UTC)

Haiti[edit]

This information definitely needs to go in the critcism section: [1], [2], [3]. Softlavender (talk) 07:29, 9 November 2012 (UTC)

Failure at Hurricane Sandy relief[edit]

More info to go into the Criticisms section: [4], which also mentions a November 2, 2012 New York Times article (which can be looked up and cited as well) criticizing the Red Cross for its failure at Sandy relief. Softlavender (talk) 07:51, 6 December 2012 (UTC)

The criticism of American Red Cross Katrina was not directed to a few rogue volunteers. It was hurled at the American Red Cross and their private profiteers themselves! — Preceding unsigned comment added by 8.225.200.133 (talk) 17:45, 24 May 2013 (UTC)

Criticism[edit]

Talk about a biased fluff piece. There are a LOT of critics of the ARC. I know one instance where at an emergency levy, they served hot coffee to the men, free of charge...until the cameras left, then they charged the guys. More recently, in Haiti, they said they were going to build homes, accepted hundreds of millions of dollars in donations and have built 6 homes. Meanwhile the president gets a salary of $500,000 plus no doubt all sorts of fringe benefits. by way of contrast, the president of the USA makes $400,000 plus expense accounts of 169k (for travel, entertaining, and misc duty related expenses). I see nothing about their being significant criticism of the organization because of Haiti. Why not? I also don't understand why the criminal negligence they have committed is minimized as a "controversy" rather than clear evidence that it is a corrupt, bureaucratic organization more concerned with good pr than good works.Abitslow (talk) 11:19, 18 June 2015 (UTC)

If you are outraged by the salary of the CEO/president or other executives, please take a look at The New York Times "Executive Pay by the Numbers". The American Red Cross has annual revenues of $3.5 billion, most CEOs of private sector companies with revenues of ~$3 billion make $20+ million a year. Although Red Cross is a non-profit, if you want the talent that can lead an organization bringing in billions in revenue, you are going to have to pay a decent salary. Otherwise, every single qualified person is going to choose making $20+ million/yr in the private sector rather than making $500,000/yr in the non-profit sector. Also, all I see is from you is lots of bashing but no sources; I just wanted to remind you that the talk page is not a forum or a soap box for your criticism. If you have any reliably sourced material to contribute to the article, please provide it. Abierma3 (talk) 08:24, 21 July 2015 (UTC)
You might want to compare it to Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) USA, whose executive director salary was $163,783. http://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/about-us/financial-information
Maybe the ARC could save money by hiring their directors from MSF. --Nbauman (talk) 19:49, 14 December 2015 (UTC)

You are so right. This article is a fluff piece. I can't believe the ProPublica investigation (a juggernaut of investigative journalism) was reduced to a tiny paragraph under controversy. MoodyGroove (talk) 21:26, 27 December 2015 (UTC)MoodyGroove

ProPublica story[edit]

https://www.propublica.org/article/the-corporate-takeover-of-the-red-cross
The Corporate Takeover of the Red Cross
Red Cross CEO Gail McGovern, who was hired to revitalize the charity, has cut hundreds of chapters and thousands of employees.
by Justin Elliott, ProPublica December 14, 2015

...

McGovern and her handpicked team of former AT&T colleagues have presided over a string of previously unreported management blunders that have eroded the charity’s ability to fulfill its core mission of aiding Americans in times of need.

Under McGovern, the Red Cross has slashed its payroll by more than a third, eliminating thousands of jobs and closing hundreds of local chapters. Many veteran volunteers, who do the vital work of responding to local fires and floods have also left, alienated by what many perceive as an increasingly rigid, centralized management structure. Far from opening offices in every city and town, the Red Cross is stumbling in response to even smaller scale disasters.

--Nbauman (talk) 19:32, 14 December 2015 (UTC)

ProPublica is an aggressive, overly-political, libelous organization which somehow has managed to keep itself afloat as a respectable investigative journalism operation despite its complete lack of journalistic ethics. Essentially all of ProPublica's statements of fact are factual; their analysis is highly-faulty in extreme ways.
One repeating theme in ProPublica IJ is the "leaked internal document," whereby they get a hold of Red Cross Lessons Learned documentation--which includes listings of all things that went wrong, why they went wrong, what the American Red Cross must do in the future to prevent such problems, and what continuing effort must be made related to the issues encountered--and carry out a smear campaign accusing the American Red Cross of covering up and ignoring serious operational problems. This is particularly egregious because the evidence they cite directly demonstrates the American Red Cross investigating and addressing those very problems.
ProPublica and NPR published an article about ARC Haiti Relief following the same formula of muddied facts and malicious analysis: they claim the Red Cross spent money but it went nowhere, because they don't see new buildings and cities and schools. The Red Cross published details about their spending, and ProPublica claims they're keeping those details a secret. The Red Cross provided sanitation services, vaccine distribution, food, water, temporary shelter, and infrastructure improvement--training the Haitian Government to better-respond to disaster in the future--and ProPublica asks where all the schools and roads and homes are. With ARC providing clear and effective aid, ProPublica has drawn a libelous narrative about ARC completely wasting nearly all of its resources and providing nothing of value to Haiti.
ProPublica's most egregious transgression in that article is accusing The American Red Cross of having 40% overhead because contractors make a profit. By this logic, all of the material suppliers also make a profit, and have overhead; and every worker obtains wages, and thus makes a profit; and so 100% of the Red Cross's spending is overhead.
Thanks to ProPublica's faulty and malicious reporting, Congress expressed its own concerns and considered holding an investigation into the American Red Cross. The American Red Cross is one of the most efficient charities in the world, and ProPublica's unethical journalism has drawn criticism and redirected funding away from ARC and to much-less-efficient programs. Even Doctors Without Borders, a highly-effective charity with a different specialization than ARC, has approximately 88% program efficiency, versus ARC's 92%. United Way Worldwide achieves a 91% efficiency, and Susan G. Komen for the Cure achieves only an 82% efficiency.
That means ARC stands head-and-shoulders over most charities and is a model even for the most-efficient public charity groups; and ARC is itself the *best* disaster-response aid group in human history, while its peers are specialized for medical aid, education, poverty relief, and specific causes such as cancer. ProPublica has sought to interfere with the American Red Cross through the simple mechanism of making their readers feel that their trust was violated: people trust ARC, they give ARC money, and they will be very angry if they believe ARC is violating that trust by operating ineffectively and irresponsibly; and if they feel a journalistic outlet such as ProPublica has exposed this, then they will come back to ProPublica for protection against that kind of violation in the future. ProPublica has traded its journalistic integrity away in favor of profit.
In my not-so-humble opinion, covering ProPublica-style controversies without also documenting the readily-available information to the contrary is NPOV by way of citing a known-unreliable, heavily-biased source and presenting it as an unbiased source. --John Moser (talk) 14:03, 7 September 2016 (UTC)

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Article has Copy-paste problems[edit]

From the article's introduction:

"The American Red Cross ... is a humanitarian organization that provides emergency assistance, disaster relief and education inside the United States. It is the designated US affiliate of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

The organization offers services in four other areas: communications services and comfort for military service and family members; the collection, processing and distribution of blood and blood products; educational programs on preparedness, health and safety; and international relief and development programs.[4]"

From another site (http://www.americanmedical-id.com/red-cross):

"The American Red Cross is a humanitarian organization that provides emergency assistance, disaster relief and education inside the United States. It is the designated U.S. affiliate of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

Today, in addition to domestic disaster relief, the American Red Cross offers services in five other areas: community services that help the needy; communications services and comfort for military members and their family members; the collection, processing and distribution of blood and blood products; educational programs on preparedness, health, and safety; and international relief and development programs.

From disaster services section of the article:

"Although ARC is not a government agency, its authority to provide disaster relief was formalized when, in 1905, it was granted a congressional charter to "carry on a system of national and international relief in time of peace and apply the same in mitigating the sufferings caused by pestilence, famine, fire, floods, and other great national calamities, and to devise and carry on measures for preventing the same. " The Charter is not only a grant of power, but also an imposition of duties and obligations to the nation, to disaster victims and to the people who support its work with their donations.

Disaster relief focuses on emergency disaster-caused needs. When a disaster threatens or strikes, ARC provides shelter, food and health and mental health services (Psychological First Aid) to address basic human needs. The core of Red Cross disaster relief is assistance to individuals and families to enable them to resume their normal daily activities."

From another site (http://www.easternpanhandlearc.org/disaster-services/):

"Although the American Red Cross is not a government agency, its authority to provide disaster relief was formalized when, in 1905, the Red Cross was chartered by Congress to “carry on a system of national and international relief in time of peace and apply the same in mitigating the sufferings caused by pestilence, famine, fire, floods, and other great national calamities, and to devise and carry on measures for preventing the same.” The Charter is not only a grant of power, but also an imposition of duties and obligations to the nation, to disaster victims, and to the people who generously support its work with their donations.

Red Cross disaster relief focuses on meeting people’s immediate emergency disaster-caused needs. When a disaster threatens or strikes, the Red Cross provides shelter, food, and health and mental health services to address basic human needs. In addition to these services, the core of Red Cross disaster relief is the assistance given to individuals and families affected by disaster to enable them to resume their normal daily activities independently."

Even the names of some of the sectional organization in the article:

  • History and organization,
  • Blood services,
  • Health and safety services,
  • Disaster services,
  • Disaster responses,
  • International services,
  • Service to the Armed Forces,
  • Controversies.

And their official "Guide to Services" ([5]):

  • American Red Cross Congressional Charter,
  • American Red Cross,
  • Disaster Services,
  • Service to the Armed Forces,
  • Health and Safety Services, Blood Services,
  • International Services,
  • American Red Cross Volunteers,
  • The International Movement in Brief,
  • Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

It's not just similar topics, which might be understandable, but 5 out of 8 of the headings are word-for-word exactly the same.

There may be more copy-paste issues. The article should not rely so closely on first-party sources (WP:IS) and should make sure to avoid Wikipedia:Copy-paste. Forbes72 (talk) 01:33, 11 October 2016 (UTC)

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