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WikiProject Germany (Rated Start-class, Low-importance)
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I'm currently translating the quite extensive German article. Not done yet, so please don't erase the (hidden) German text on the article page. Thanks! Taiwantaffy (talk) 13:51, 28 July 2010 (UTC)


"The appellation villa denoted that Kirchardt was then a small community not long settled." No, often long-established, villa still meant a self-sufficient agricultural community centered on a (perhaps defensible) farmstead and worked by villeins (a later usage). More than a few Roman villas in western Germany passed into the Merovingian fisc and were granted to found monasteries.--Wetman (talk) 20:13, 13 August 2010 (UTC)