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The rig on the Sunfish is also called a lateen rig, but differs in that it uses a lower spar as well, giving more control over sail shape than the traditional loose footed lateen sail. In this sense, it's closer to the proas crab claw sail, but the crab claw traditionally has curved spars, and a narrower angle. Anyone want to add a section on the "modern lateen" rig? scot 21:12, 22 May 2006 (UTC)
Changing spar of side to avoid bad tack
For what I have seen in some sailboats with lateen sail (eg. vela latina canaria, one does change the spar from one side to the other when tacking, to avoid the bad tack. The paragraph that talks about this "bad tack" should be changed to reflect this, shouldn't it? I am no expert on this kind of sailboat, only seen it on regattas on T.V., so if another contributor can confirm it we could change the text
Origin of term
Our article currently gives the etymology as "from a la trina, meaning triangular", with no cite.
However http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/lateen gives a different etymology from 2 reputable dictionaries:
- Origin: 1720–30; < F (voile) latine Latin (sail) ("Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2009.")
- French (voile) latine, lateen (sail), feminine of latin, Latin (from its use in the Mediterranean), from Old French; see Latin. (The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
- Can anyone provide sources for phonetic transmutation where the second phonem of a consonant cluster would disappear instead of the first? Far more plausible transmutation would be la trina > larina (initial T disappearing) > lareen126.96.36.199 (talk) 22:27, 21 September 2009 (UTC)
Use, or advantage
Unless I'm missing it, I don't believe the article really covers what advantages the lateen sail provides. How is it used differently from other kinds of sails? What role did lateen sails play in making Middle Eastern / North African ships better or faster or more maneuverable or whatever than certain European designs?
For those reading about the history of navigation and the cultural exchanges leading to changes in European ship design, navigation technology, etc that allowed for the Voyages of Discovery, this sort of information is at the core - it's absolutely crucial. I'm surprised to not find it here. I'd add it myself, but my sources are rather insufficient. LordAmeth (talk) 05:17, 20 September 2009 (UTC)
- Lateen sail can rise better to wind than square sail. While the Arabs never invented tacking, the Christians sure did, and it enabled to sail independently of the wind direction. A lateen rigged vessel is more manouevrable than a square rigged. While a Lateen sail is less effective on running than square sail, the square sails come on their own good only on constant winds, such as westerlies or tradewinds. On Mediterranean, where the wind conditions are unstable, the lateen sail revolutionized sailing with tacking.188.8.131.52 (talk) 22:24, 21 September 2009 (UTC)
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Section "Addressing the bad tack"
The whole section (including the heading, and its relation to the content) is completely incomprehensible to a layman and should be rewritten for the benefit of the general encyclopdia reader. --BjKa (talk) 15:00, 26 December 2013 (UTC)
Q: Regarding the lateen sail
Doesn't the "tacking against the wind" capability of the lateen sail also require presence of a keelboard (centerboard) or an equivalent? I thought that the effect of running against the wind was a mechanical action of the forces against the sail being transmitted to the ship which was translated by the keelboard (centerboard) into movement in what seems an "unnatural" direction otherwise...? The physics of the situation is clearly understood.
ASSUMING I am correct, this article should make some note of that. It was the combination of the two which was significant, not the sail itself.
Indeed, the wiki entry on the centerboard says much the same thing (emphasis mine):
A centreboard (often called a lifting foil in a modern racing dinghy) is used to provide lift to counter the lateral force from the sails. This is required for sailboats to move in directions other than downwind , since the force of the sail is never closer than 45 degrees to the apparent wind. Since most sailboats are symmetric along their axis of motion, when sailing upright, the lateral force can come from either side, which means that centreboards must use symmetric foil shapes so they will operate with equal efficiency on either tack.
The modern centerboard is credited much more recently than the lateen sail usage, but it seems clear that the first millenium BCE boats must also have been equipped with something similar.
--184.108.40.206 (talk) 21:52, 5 May 2017 (UTC)