MV Tatsuta Maru
Tatsuta Maru, c. 1931
|Name:||MS Tatsuta Maru|
|Operator:||Nippon Yusen (NYK)|
|Builder:||Mitsubishi Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Nagasaki, Japan|
|Laid down:||3 December 1927|
|Launched:||12 April 1929|
|Completed:||15 March 1930|
|Out of service:||9 February 1943|
|Renamed:||1938, Tatuta Maru|
|Fate:||lost in war|
|Status:||torpedoed and sunk by submarine|
|Tonnage:||16,975 gross register tons (GRT)|
|Length:||583 ft (178 m)|
|Beam:||71 ft (22 m)|
|Propulsion:||4 Sulzer diesels, quadruple screws|
The Tatsuta Maru (龍田丸 Tatsuta maru?), also known as Tatuta Maru after 1938, was a Japanese ocean liner owned by Nippon Yusen Kaisha. The ship was built in 1927-1930 by Mitsubishi Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. at Nagasaki, Japan.
The Tatsuta Maru was built for the trans-Pacific Orient-California fortnightly service. Principal ports-of-call included Hong Kong, Shanghai, Kobe, Yokohama, Honolulu, Los Angeles & San Francisco.
Both vessels were built by Mitsubishi at Nagasaki on the southern island of Kyushu. The Tatsuta Maru was launched on April 12, 1929. She undertook her maiden voyage on March 15, 1930, sailing from Yokohama to San Francisco.
The 16,975-ton vessel had a length of 583 feet (178 m), and her beam was 71 feet (22 m). The ship had 4 diesel motors, quadruple screws and an average speed of 21-knots. The Asama Maru was the second Japanese passenger liner to be propelled by diesel engines.
In December 1941 the liner was part of an elaborate Japanese deception plan to mask the unannounced attack on the US Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor. She sailed from Yokohama on 2 December bound for San Francisco with the task of exchanging American evacuees from East Asia for Japanese nationals in the United States. She was scheduled to reach the US on 14 December and despite rumours of war the American press wrongly concluded that meant nothing was likely to happen for some time.
The master of the ship had sealed orders to turn around at midnight on 7 December and return to Japan while maintaining radio silence. Subsequently, the Tatsuta Maru was requisitioned as a troopship for the Imperial Japanese Navy.
- Levine, David. Graphic Design from the 1920s and 1930s in Travel Ephemera: "Plan of Passenger Accommodation Motor Ships 'Asama Maru' & ' Tatsuta Maru,'" 1929.
- Derby, Sulzer diesel motors: Asama Maru. August 29, 2008.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1935). The Nomeclature of the N.Y.K. Fleet, p. 50.
- Tate, E. Mowbray. (1986). Transpacific steam: the story of steam navigation from the Pacific Coast of North America to the Far East and the Antipodes, 1867-1941, p. 68
- Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Tatsuta Maru, ID#4035362.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1935). The Nomeclature of the N.Y.K. Fleet. Tokyo : Nippon Yusen Kaisha. OCLC 27933596
- Tate, E. Mowbray. (1986). Transpacific steam: the story of steam navigation from the Pacific Coast of North America to the Far East and the Antipodes, 1867-1941. New York: Cornwall Books. ISBN 978-0-8453-4792-8; OCLC 12370774
- A.J. Barker (1971) Pearl Harbor: Purnell's History of the Second World War Book 10
- DerbySulzer: Tatsuta Maru