Outwood Academy City
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Before being renamed as The City School, in 1969, the Stradbroke Road establishment had been (1964–1969) City Grammar School (CGS). CGS itself had previously occupied premises in Sheffield city centre where, until 1941, it had been the Sheffield Pupil Teacher Centre (SPTC). The original institution dates from the 1890s.
The Elementary Education Act 1870, commonly known as Forster's Education Act, set the framework for schooling of all children between the ages of 5 and 13 in England and Wales and established local School Boards. The main function of these bodies was to use local rates (taxes) to finance the building of schools in cases where the range of existing establishments was inadequate. A driving force behind the Act was a perceived need for Britain to remain competitive in the world by being at the forefront of manufacture and improvement. The only existing formal education until this time had been in Church schools and some ragged schools for the poor. Between 1870 and 1880, 3,000–4,000 schools were started or taken over by school boards.
The resulting new schools consequently required larger numbers of teachers. Furthermore, higher standards of educational attainment came to be expected in schools, so the quality of the teachers also needed to be raised. It became necessary, therefore, to develop efficient and affordable methods of improving the standards of teacher training. The solution adopted, along the 1870s, 80s and 90s, was the education of "pupil teachers" for a four-year period (14–18 years of age) in specific training Centres.
In Sheffield, the number of such Centres peaked at 11 establishments in the period 1881 to 1884, but it was later decided that the system would become more efficient with the centralisation of teacher training activities of this type in just one Centre. In 1894 the School Board purchased the premises formerly occupied by the old Free Writing School in School Croft, in the city centre, and in February of that year Mr. J. G. Picknet became head of the "Central Higher School". Two years later it was decided that this old building should be scheduled for demolition and that a new Centre should be constructed at a nearby site at the corner of Orchard Lane and Holly Street.
The new Sheffield Pupil Teacher Centre building was inaugurated on 9 October 1899 by Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire. An Alumni Association, the "Holly Guild" was formed around 1904 and the first official number of the school magazine "The Holly Leaf: A Chronicle of the Sheffield City Grammar School" was printed in 1907 (up to this time it had been distributed in handwritten format).
Pupil numbers declined from 376 in 1906 to 143 in 1912, but subsequent rapid increases in the period 1915 to 1920 led to the necessity to contract thirteen additional members of staff and classes also had to be held at other premises at Carver Street, Townhead Street, Arundel Street (College of Arts and Crafts) and the Central School in addition to the Centre itself. In 1922 the Centre implemented an annual admission of four forms of boys and girls who had qualified via the 11-plus, and it effectively became a Secondary School.
The idea of pupil-teachership lost support over the following two decades and Sheffield was one of the last two surviving urban authorities to maintain a Centre of this type. (The system was eventually discontinued in the city in 1944). The SPTC moved into premises at Orchard Lane on 11 September 1933 and changed its name to the City Secondary School shortly after the appointment of the new Head Master, Mr Northeast, in 1935. In 1941 it was again renamed, becoming City Grammar School.
The United Kingdom's secondary education structure was organised according to the Tripartite System between the 1944 Butler Education Act and 1976. This was known colloquially as the grammar school system. Secondary schools were divided into three categories, Grammar schools, Technical schools and Secondary Modern Schools. Pupils were allocated to each according to their performance in the 11-plus examination.
The new Sheffield City Grammar School adopted the Phoenix as its symbol and maintained the traditional SPTC school song "Carmen Ilicis", composed by Edward H. Taylor L.R.A.M. (music) and Alan W. Goodfellow, M.A. (lyrics), the first verse and chorus of which are:
The Oak, the Ash, the bonny Ivy tree
Are known in story, famed in song ;
But we who know thee, certain are
That, search the woodland near or far,
Ye ne'er will find, tho' seek ye long,
A bush so worthy song or eulogy
As Centre's Holly - ever green.
Nil nisi verum, nil nisi verum.
Omnes amici, omnes amici !
A reporter, writing about the City Grammar School in "Yorkshire Life" magazine, in 1960 commented, "... to me it is one of the city's most interesting schools ... it was co-educational at a time when it was considered revolutionary for the sexes to mingle in class ... there is a solid, down-to-earth atmosphere about it that fits the character of the city, and its pupils have the friendliness and assurance one expects from Sheffield's hard-working, self-respecting citizens ... ".
CGS continued at the city centre site until 19 February 1964 when the first assembly was held for the 760 pupils at the newly completed, £300,000, Stradbroke Road premises. (Sheffield City Council data for 1959/60 had evaluated the cost of the Orchard Lane buildings and furniture, at that time, to be £80,121 14s. 3d.).
The April 1969, Spring Edition of the Holly Leaf carried an editorial which began with "NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN...that the City Council of Sheffield propose to re-organise, from September 1969, the City Grammar School to form a co-educational comprehensive school." It continued, regarding the choice of a name for the new institute; "For a time we looked like becoming Bashforth School...good sense and the persistent efforts of the Head-master prevailed, and September will see the creation of City School." The editorial finishes; "Good luck, City School."
In 2007 Ofsted put the school into 'Special Measures', but following a June 2008 inspection this decision was rescinded. In 2012 the school was again placed into 'Special Measures'. David Lack took over as a temporary Headteacher.
Between 2010 and 2012 as part of the Building Schools for the Future (BSF) programme the original 1964 concrete buildings were largely demolished and the 1969 extension buildings were comprehensively refurbished. A new three storey building was constructed by contractors 'Vinci' and located to the immediate East of the original site on fields that were previously used for hockey. The site of the 1964 building was converted into a multi-use games area (MUGA) and staff car parking.
In January 2014 following a compulsory academy conversion, The City School became part the Outwood Grange Academy Trust and changed its name to Outwood Academy City.
Headmasters and Principals (SPTC & CGS)
- 1899 - 1919, Arthur J. Arnold (S.P.T.C)
- 1919 - 1931, Joseph Batey, Principal (S.P.T.C.)
- 1931 - 1934, Alfred Meetham, Principal (S.P.T.C.)
- 1935 - 1950, Stephen Northeast, Headmaster (S.P.T.C./CGS)
- 1950 - 1955, Ronald H. Davies MSc, Headmaster (CGS)
- 1956 - 1970, Lindsay Harvatt MA, Headmaster (CGS)
Headteachers (The City School and Outwood Academy City)
- 1970 - ????, Mr. Hughes, Headteacher
- ???? - 1986, Alan Debes
- 1986 - 1999, Ed Gabbani, Headteacher
- 1999 - 2007, Julie Warne, Headteacher
- 2007 - 2008, David Lack, Headteacher
- 2008 - 2012, Matt Percival, Headteacher
- 2012 - 2014, Julie Slater, Headteacher
- 2014 - Present, Mr.Brooks, Headteacher
Notable former pupils
- Jarvis Cocker, musician
- Jamie Reeves (born 3 May 1962), strongman and former winner of the title of World's Strongest Man
- Phil Turner, footballer
- Danny Willett, golfer
City Grammar School
- James Buckley, Chief Executive from 1992-2004 of the Baltic Exchange
- Bernard Cotton CBE, President from 1973–84 of the Yorkshire and Humberside Development Association
- Tim Ellis, Bishop of Grantham from 2006–13
- David Ford (footballer)
- Roy Hattersley, Labour politician, MP from 1964-97 of Birmingham Sparkbrook
- Jim Marshall Labour MP from 1974–83 and 1987-2004 for Leicester South
- Sir Peter E. Middleton GCB - English banker, current Chancellor of the University of Sheffield
- Sir Roger Singleton, Chief Executive from 1984-2006 of Barnardo's
- Mark White (musician), with ABC (band)
- History and Memories of S.P.T.C. through to C.G.S.
- You Will Have A New Building Soon - written 1963 by Stephen Northeast - former Headmaster
- Yorkshire Life Illustrated, March 1960
- South Yorkshire Times, January 1964 http://www.omnesamici.co.uk/CGS64SYT.html
- Sheffield Education: Handbook of Information, 1959-1960 http://www.omnesamici.co.uk/CGS59stafflist.html
- Short, sharp aftershock Education Guardian, 18 September 2007
- David Webster, Sons of Samson Volume 2 Profiles, page 103 (Ironmind Enterprises), ISBN 0-926888-06-4