|Mark and Michael Polish|
|Born||Mark J. Polish
Michael J. Polish
October 30, 1970
El Centro, California, United States
|Occupation||Screenwriters, film producers, film directors, actors|
Mark Polish and Michael Polish (born October 30, 1970), known informally as the Polish brothers, are American twin screenwriters and film producers. Michael usually directs their films, and Mark often has an acting role.
Life and career
The Polish brothers were born in El Centro, California. Their father is from Montana, and is of part Austrian ancestry. Their paternal grandfather worked on the dams of Montana. Their mother's family is Mexican. The brothers were raised Catholic.
The Polish brothers began their film career with the 1999 Sundance debut of their first feature, Twin Falls Idaho. The identical twin siblings wrote and starred in the tale of conjoined twins. Michael directed. Sony Pictures Classics bought the rights for theatrical distribution of the film, which Janet Maslin of The New York Times said had "style, gravity and originality to spare."
…Internally it speaks to me, as just a human, a person alone. I can watch this movie alone and be a fan. Whether a filmmaker or not, I can be a fan because it has so many symbols and situations that reflect life itself, growing up. Even growing up in the suburbs, you still have friendships the same way these kids have friendships.
In 2000, the Polish brothers followed up Twin Falls with Jackpot. The story of a deluded karaoke singer (Jonathan Gries) on a tour of American dive-bars. It won the 2001 Independent Spirit John Cassavetes Award and the 2001 Seattle International Film Festival New American Cinema Award. The film was distributed theatrically by Sony Pictures Classics.
In 2002, the brothers were offered the opportunity to make a mainstream film. Instead, they began to put together the independent film Northfork. When financing collapsed days before principal photography, the filmmakers signed their house to creditors, and paid for their movie with personal credit cards. Starring James Woods and Nick Nolte, Northfork was chosen as an early selection by the Sundance Film Festival, and when the movie premiered at Sundance in 2003, Roger Ebert called it "a masterpiece."
In 2005, the Polish brothers, along with producing partner Jonathan Sheldon wrote and released The Declaration of Independent Filmmaking. The book, a how-to guide for first-time, do-it-yourself filmmakers, follows the filmmaking process and gives firsthand accounts of the Polish Brothers' travails in making their films. The Library Journal said the Polish Brothers "write in a way that illuminates the details more clearly than most technical scribes."
In 2006, the brothers would team with Warner Independent for their fourth film, The Astronaut Farmer. The Astronaut Farmer is about a former NASA astronaut, Charles Farmer (Billy Bob Thornton), who has been obsessively building a rocket in his barn. Warner Bros. released it wide throughout North America in 2007.
The brothers then shot two films back-to-back, just days apart while launching their new production company, Prohibition Pictures along with partners Ken Johnson, Janet DuBois, and Jonathan Sheldon. The Polish Brothers' fifth film, Manure (with Billy Bob Thornton and Téa Leoni) began shooting May 27, 2008 (and was released at the Sundance Festival in 2009 as The Smell of Success), and the Polish Brothers' sixth film, Stay Cool (with Winona Ryder, Mark Polish, Chevy Chase, Sean Astin, Hilary Duff, Jon Cryer, Josh Holloway) began filming in July 2008 (and was shown at Tribeca Festival in 2009).
In May 2010 the Polish brothers began filming For Lovers Only. Said to be inspired by the French New Wave and Claude Lelouch's 1966 double Oscar-winner A Man and a Woman, the romance focuses on a journalist Stana Katic (Castle) in Paris on assignment, who runs into a lover (Mark Polish) from her past. Presumably enraptured by reconciliation, the pair flee Paris and travel "by train, car, and motorcycle as their love affair takes them across France from Normandy to St. Tropez."
In 2013 Michael directed American adventure drama, Big Sur an adaptation of the 1962 novel of the same name by Jack Kerouac. The story is based on the time Kerouac spent in Big Sur, California and his three brief sojourns to friend Lawrence Ferlinghetti's cabin in Bixby Canyon. The film debuted on January 23, 2013 at the 2013 Sundance Film Festival, where it received generally positive reviews.
- Hellraiser: Bloodline (1996) – Twin Cenobite No. 1 (Michael) – Twin Cenobite No. 2 (Mark) (acting only)
- Twin Falls Idaho (1999) (Michael – director, cowriter, actor. Mark – cowriter, actor)
- Jackpot (2001) (Michael – director, cowriter. Mark – cowriter)
- Northfork (2003) (Michael – director, cowriter. Mark – cowriter, actor)
- The Astronaut Farmer (2006) (Michael – director, cowriter. Mark – cowriter, actor)
- The Smell of Success (2009) (Michael – director, cowriter. Mark – cowriter, actor)
- Stay Cool (2009) (Mark and Michael, cowriters)
- For Lovers Only (2010, online; 2011, film festival release) (Michael – coproducer, director. Mark – coproducer, writer, actor)
- Big Sur (2013) (Michael only – coproducer, director, writer)
- Headlock (2014) (Mark - director, writer, actor) 
- Amnesiac (2015) (Michael - director)
- 90 Minutes in Heaven (2015) (Michael only – coproducer, director, writer)
- The Declaration of Independent Filmmaking: An Insider's Guide to Making Movies Outside of Hollywood, with Jonathan Sheldon. Mariner Books 2005, ISBN 978-0156029520
- Simon Hattenstone (August 25, 2000). "Mark and Michael Polish | Film". London: The Guardian. Retrieved July 2, 2012.
- Ratliff, Larry (August 6, 2003). "San Antonio Express-News, Archives | mySA.com". Nl.newsbank.com. Retrieved July 2, 2012.
- Published: July 25, 1999 (July 25, 1999). "FILM; From Identical Twins, a Story of Two Conjoined – Page 3 – New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved July 2, 2012.
- "CANOE – JAM! – Dams and angels". Jam.canoe.ca. July 11, 2003. Retrieved July 2, 2012.
- "New York Times". Movies.nytimes.com. Retrieved July 2, 2012.
- "New York Times". Movies.nytimes.com. Retrieved July 2, 2012.
- Maslin, Janet (April 9, 1999). "New York Times". Movies.nytimes.com. Retrieved July 2, 2012.
- Books.google.com. Books.google.com. Retrieved July 2, 2012.
- Polish, Michael. Interview by Robert K. Elder. The Film That Changed My Life. By Robert K. Elder. Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 2011. N. p154. Print.
- "Chicago Sun-Times". Rogerebert.suntimes.com. July 11, 2003. Retrieved July 2, 2012.
- A. O. Scott (February 23, 2007). "New York Times". Movies.nytimes.com. Retrieved July 2, 2012.
- "New York Times". Movies.nytimes.com. June 5, 2012. Retrieved July 2, 2012.
- "Big Sur". rottentomatoes.com. September 9, 2013. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
- Chi, Paul (August 31, 2013). "Kate Bosworth Marries Michael Polish". People.com. Retrieved September 1, 2013.