The Tunnel (2001 film)
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Der Tunnel DVD cover
|Directed by||Roland Suso Richter|
|Written by||Johannes W. Betz|
Alexandra Maria Lara
Der Tunnel is a made-for-television German film released in 2001 and loosely based on true events in Berlin following the closing of the East German border in August 1961 and the subsequent construction of the Berlin Wall. Roland Suso Richter directed the film. The theatrical release is 20 minutes shorter than the original television version. The subtitled English version was not available until 2005.
The central character of the film is Harry Melchior, played by Heino Ferch and based on the real tunneler, Hasso Herschel. Despite being imprisoned for several years for his role in the June 1953 uprising in East Germany, Melchior competes for and wins the national swimming championship in 1961. With the aid of a false passport and disguise, Harry succeeds in fleeing to West Berlin. His best friend, Matthis (played by Sebastian Koch) manages to escape through the underground sewer, but Matthis's pregnant wife Carola (played by Claudia Michelsen) is not so lucky and remains in East Berlin.
Committed to getting their loved ones out of the GDR but knowing that ground routes are heavily guarded, Harry and Matthis have the idea of going underground. Matthis is an engineer by training. They link up with a small circle of others, initially Vittorio 'Vic' Constanza (played by Mehmet Kurtuluş) and Fred von Klausnitz (played by Felix Eitner). They find an unused factory building close to the Wall that has ample underground space. They are eventually joined by Fritzi Scholz (played by Nicolette Krebitz), whose fiancé Heiner (Florian Panzner) is also trapped in the east.
The work is slow, hard and sometimes dangerous, and the group reluctantly agrees to take in several more helpers. Over a span of months, the tunnel takes shape following Matthis' design with the necessary shoring, lights and even a railbed. Discovering a film crew from NBC in the city one day, the leaders convince the network to fund their efforts in exchange for exclusive footage of the digging and eventual escape.
In the meantime, communication with the would-be rescuees in the east is necessary but hazardous. Vic, an American citizen, can pass through the border freely. He is in contact with Lotte and with Carola. The latter, however, has been blackmailed by the Stasi to inform; if she does not cooperate, the state will take her soon-to-be-born baby. Carola informs on Vic and he is detained when trying to cross back to West Berlin. He is released after a while but cannot go back to the east. Fritzi's love, Heiner, makes a futile attempt to cross the barbed wire and walls, but he is shot 5 times by the East German border guards and left to die in a scene mirroring the true case of Peter Fechter. The American soldiers prevented Fritzi's friend from climbing to the wall to look for Heiner, who is being shot dead. Fritzi's friend was warned by the border troops to get out of the wall.
Overseeing the efforts to thwart tunnelers and other efforts at "illegal emigration" is Colonel Kröger (played by Uwe Kockisch).
Finally the pieces are all in place for the planned escape of about 30 people. Word is spread by surreptitious means, though the Stasi are watching closely. They go to the home of Fred's widowed mother to take her into custody, but she takes her own life first.
Carola has admitted to Lotte that she has been an informant but swears she can now be trusted. In a ruse that means leaving her baby with Lotte's family, she leads her Stasi tail to a remote location far from the actual escape site. Fritzi has crossed the border with a fake passport and Harry has entered through the tunnel. Surprising a border guard, Harry takes his uniform, steel helmet and gun, and blends into the troops swarming through the area. The would-be escapees gather in a café across from the building where the tunnel begins, and Fritzi gradually escorts them over. Tense moments ensue as Colonel Kröger closes in, and pursues the escapees through the tunnel. A sign has been erected marking the boundary of the French sector of West Berlin, and they have the political sense to know they can go no further.
- Heino Ferch - Harry Melchior
- Nicolette Krebitz - Friederike 'Fritzi' Scholz
- Sebastian Koch - Matthis Hiller
- Alexandra Lara - Lotte Lohmann
- Mehmet Kurtuluş - Vittorio Costanza
- Heinrich Schmieder - Theo Lohmann
- Dorothea Moritz - Hermine
- Claudia Michelsen - Carola Langensiep
- Felix Eitner - Fred von Klausnitz
- Uwe Kockisch - Oberst Krüger
- Karin Baal - Marianne von Klausnitz
- Wolf-Dietrich Sprenger - Fotograf Grüner
- Florian Panzner - Heiner
- Winner of the 2001 Bavarian TV Award (Heino Ferch and Roland Suso Richter)
- Winner of the 2001 German Television Award (best TV film/mini-series)
- Heino Ferch was awarded the Golden Camera in 2002
- Kern, Laura (April 29, 2005). "In a Divided Berlin, Digging Underground for Freedom". The New York Times.