There Be Dragons
|There Be Dragons|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Roland Joffé|
|Produced by||Roland Joffé
Ignacio G. Sancha
Guy J. Louthan
|Written by||Roland Joffé|
|Music by||Stephen Warbeck (original)
Robert Folk (American re-cut)
|Edited by||Richard Nord|
|Distributed by||Samuel Goldwyn Films|
There Be Dragons is a 2011 American-Spanish-Argentine historical epic film written and directed by Roland Joffé. It is a drama set during the Spanish Civil War of the 1930s and features themes such as betrayal, love and hatred, forgiveness, friendship, and finding meaning in everyday life. The film was released on 6 May 2011. It includes the story of soldiers, a journalist, his father, and a real life priest, Josemaría Escrivá, the founder of Opus Dei who was canonized as a Roman Catholic saint.
Story and themes
Director Roland Joffé said There Be Dragons is "a story about people trying to find meaning about their lives." The epic film tells the story of a Spanish journalist, Robert, who is mending relations with his dying father, Manolo, who took part in the Spanish Civil War. The journalist discovers through his investigations that his father was a close childhood friend of Josemaría Escrivá, a candidate for sainthood, with whom he had a complicated relationship. Manolo became a soldier during the Spanish Civil War and became obsessed with a beautiful Hungarian revolutionary, Ildiko. She rejects him and gives herself to a brave militia leader Oriol. Manolo becomes jealous and takes a path of betrayal.
The film includes the early life of Josemaría Escrivá, the controversial founder of Opus Dei. Escrivá, who died in 1975, was canonized by John Paul II in 2002. Joffé, who initially shied away from the project, was "ultimately intrigued by the chance to dramatize the life of a modern-day saint, particularly considering Escrivá's 'liberating' view that a path to God could be found in an ordinary life."
There Be Dragons is a drama which explores themes such as betrayal, forgiveness, friendship, and finding the meaning of life in everyday life. According to Joffé, they are "making a film about love, human love and divine love, about hate, about betrayal, about war, about mistakes, about everything it is to be a human being." The theme of forgiveness, says Charlie Cox, who plays St. Josemaria, is "always going to be a key when you're talking about Christianity at all, especially if you’re talking about a man who is canonized." Josemaria, Cox adds, "understood that the reason one must forgive is because that hatred and that anger and that resentment lives in you."
Joffé, a self-described "wobbly agnostic" who was nominated for the Academy Award for his film The Mission which deals with a Jesuit mission in South America, said that he is "very interested in the idea of embarking on a piece of work that took religion seriously on its own terms and didn't play a game where one approached religion denying its validity."
"Reconciliation matters" is the main take away message that Joffe expects from the viewers. Life, he said, is an opportunity to love: "It's a choice, and in making that decision you become free. You do not become free when you hate. The weird thing is when you really love, you feel it like a breath of freedom, you think ‘Oh my God, I’ve chosen this, and it’s beautiful’.” He emphasized that Christianity is about love and the teaching of St. Josemaria "encourages a spiritual relationship with God in 'very simple things', in cooking a meal, being with one’s family, or even having a fight." Joffé states that this is "a film about what it means to be a saint in this day and age."
The title refers to its theme exploring the unknown territories of hatred, guilt, and forgiveness, said the producer Ignacio G. Sancha. "There be dragons" is a shorter version of the phrase "here there be dragons" from the Latin hic sunt dracones, an ancient way of denoting in maps a place where there is danger, or an unknown place, a place to be explored.
- Charlie Cox as Josemaría Escrivá
- Wes Bentley as Manolo
- Dougray Scott as Robert
- Golshifteh Farahani as Leila
- Olga Kurylenko as Ildiko
- Rodrigo Santoro as Oriol,
- Derek Jacobi as Honorio
- Lily Cole as Aline
- Unax Ugalde as Pedro
- Tomas Decurgez as Francisco
The film is produced by Roland Joffé, who is the director. Guy J. Louthan and Opus Dei members Ignacio G. Sancha and Ignacio Núñez are also producers.
Sancha and Núñez created a fund that has resources from private equity funds and other institutional and private investors. The television network and media company, Antena 3, the first private station in Spain, is also funding the film. The production services have been provided by Morena Films of Spain and Historias Cinematográficas of Argentina.
The New York Times, which called the film a religious epic, reported that a different script written by Barbara Nicolosi was first offered to Hugh Hudson and Alejandro González Iñárritu, who both turned it down. Joffé also initially turned down the offer to work as the film's director. "But he said he reconsidered after he saw a video of Escrivá answering a question from a Jewish girl who wanted to convert to Catholicism. Escrivá told her that she should not convert, because it would be disrespectful to her parents. 'I thought this was so open-minded,' Mr. Joffé said." At that point, Joffé signed on to direct, with the condition of writing a new screenplay from scratch and becoming a producer. "In writing his own script, Mr. Joffé came up with a convoluted plot in which a young journalist discovers that his estranged father has a long-buried connection to Escrivá," reported the Times. Joffé traveled to Spain, Italy and South America to do additional research in order to write his script. After an official credits arbitration conducted by the Writers Guild of America (WGA), the Guild has decided that the writing credits of the film will be "Written by Roland Joffé", which is the highest writing credit possible. With this decision, the WGA has confirmed that Joffé's screenplay is completely original and that the script written by Barbara Nicolosi bears no relationship whatsoever with the film There Be Dragons.
In the press conference held in Buenos Aires on 24 August 2009, Sancha stated that "our role is to create a space of free creativity for Roland, who has absolute free hand as a filmmaker. The value of the project lies in the fact that someone completely independent from the subject or the Catholic Church, and who is an agnostic, is portraying Josemaría according to his own view."
Director Roland Joffé wanted to share Josemaria's story on film because he admired the way the saint's faith influenced his day-to-day life. "Josemaria’s idea was that you find sanctity; you find your religious experience not only in liturgical things or in the church, but in the very act of living in your daily life," Joffé reported to CBN.com.
There Be Dragons features Argentine production director Eugenio Zanetti, who won the Oscar in 1996 for Restoration. The costume designer is Yvonne Blake, who won an Oscar for Nicholas and Alexandra and designed the costumes for Superman. Two-time Oscar winner Michèle Burke is in charge of the special make-up effects. Stephen Warbeck, who won an Oscar for Shakespeare in Love, composed the original score.
Fr. John Wauck served as an on-set adviser, playing the same role that Daniel Berrigan played for Jeremy Irons in The Mission. Luis Gordon, a former spokesman of the prelature of Opus Dei, stated that "The film team asked us for help in gathering information and we gave them access to the documentation."
The film was heavily re-edited by Ken Blackwell and re-released in the United States in January 2012 with the sub-title "Secretos de Pasión". The new cut of the film was re-scored by Robert Folk, and a soundtrack was released on Varese Sarabande Records.
The film was not well received either at the box office or by critics. Based on 19 published review, Metacritic gives the film a score of 33 out of 100. Out of 38 reviews on Rotten Tomatoes, only 4 were positive, giving the film a score of 11%, while among the reviews sent by the audience, 61% liked it. With an estimated budget of $36,000,000, during its opening weekend the film collected $705,537 at the US box office, compared to $1,251,124 in Spain, the film is considered a box office flop. Critics generally praised the film's production values but panned Joffé's screenplay and direction. Stephen Holden, of The New York Times, described the film as an "interminable two-hour Sunday school sermon punctuated with battlefield carnage". One of the few positive reviews stated: "Demonstrat[es] an increasingly rare sense of scope and pageantry" (Variety).
According to Joaquin Navarro-Valls, one of the investors, the film "has started a movement of many people who feel moved to forgive. The producers are daily receiving messages of thanks (some are on the Internet) from people who see the film and decide to return home after years of separation, from spouses who are reconciled, from parents and children who have come to accept one another again, from others who return to God after a long time of being distanced from him."
- "There Be Dragons, an interview with Ignacio Nunez". Fest21. Vanessa McMahon. May 17, 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-12.
- "There Be Dragons Total Lifetime Grosses". Box Office Mojo. May 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-09-05.
- "Director Roland Joffé Explains "There Be Dragons"
- Catholic Herald Staff Reporter (4 September 2009). "British actors line up for film about life of Opus Dei founder". Catholic Herald. Retrieved 2009-09-06.
- Laurie Goodstein (August 21, 2009). "Bringing a Saint's Life to Screen". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-09-05.
- Nicole Neroulias (August 31, 2009). "After 'Da Vinci,' Opus Dei cautiously optimistic about new film". Nola.com. Archived from the original on September 5, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-04.
- Reuters live phone conference
- Phil Fox Rose (May 3, 2011). "Interview: Charlie Cox – The man who plays St. Josemaria Escrivá in the upcoming There Be Dragons talks about forgiveness, Opus Dei and how playing a saint has affected him". Busted Halo. Retrieved 2011-05-07.
- Thaddeus M. Baklinski (2009-08-26). "Academy Award Nominee to Film Movie on Opus Dei Founder". Lifesite News. Retrieved 2009-09-04.
- Catholic News Agency (31 October 2009). "Upcoming movie about St. Josemaria Escriva focuses on love, forgiveness and redemption, says director". Catholic News Agency. Retrieved 2010-11-18.
- DPA (2009-08-26). "Director of The Mission shooting film on Opus Dei founder – Feature". Earthtimes. Retrieved 2009-09-04.
- Director Roland Joffé Explains "There Be Dragons"", CBN.com.
- Austen Ivereigh (2009-06-08). "Opus Dei founder gets 'The Mission' treatment". America Magazine. Retrieved 2009-09-04.
- Associated Press (August 24, 2009). "Roland Joffé filming Opus Dei pic". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- There Be Dragons, at Metacritic.com
- There be Dragons, at RottenTomatoes.com
- Box office / business for There Be Dragons (2011), IMDb.com
- Stephen Holden, "A Guess-the-Flavoring Game, and Then Along Comes a War", The New York Times, May 5, 2011.
- Peter Bruges, There Be Dragons, Variety Mar. 24, 2011
- Jesus Colina, Movie Inspires Forgiveness Movement, Zenit News Agency, 2011-05-04
- Official website
- There Be Dragons at the Internet Movie Database
- There Be Dragons at Rotten Tomatoes
- There Be Dragons at Metacritic
- There Be Dragons at Box Office Mojo
- The Dragons of the Spanish Civil War, Spanish review by Enrique Sánchez Costa.
Commentary during production
- Fr. John Wauck priest of Opus Dei blogs on his experiences on the set of the movie There be Dragons
- A live Press Conference transcript about “THERE BE DRAGONS”, a film directed by Roland Joffe (October 29th, 2009)
- Video about the film from Rome Reports
- Empire on line
- Lifesite news
- "Director of The Mission shooting film on Opus Dei founder". Earth Times. 2009-08-26. Retrieved 2011-05-08.
- America Magazine
- The New York Times
- A compilation of data about the film with videos and images (Spanish)