Thiruchendur Murugan Temple

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Thiruchendur Murugan Temple
திருச்செந்தூர் முருகன் கோவில்
Temple's Raja Gopuram
Raja gopuram or Western tower
Thiruchendur Murugan Templeதிருச்செந்தூர் முருகன் கோவில் is located in Tamil Nadu
Thiruchendur Murugan Templeதிருச்செந்தூர் முருகன் கோவில்
Thiruchendur Murugan Temple
திருச்செந்தூர் முருகன் கோவில்
Location in Tamil Nadu
Name
Other names Sri Subramanya Swamy Temple
Proper name Thiruchendur Murugan Thirukovil
Devanagari Sri Subramanya Swamy Mandir
Sanskrit transliteration Sri Subramanya Swamy Mandir
Tamil Senthilandavar Thirukovil
Geography
Coordinates 8°29′45″N 78°7′45″E / 8.49583°N 78.12917°E / 8.49583; 78.12917
Country India
State Tamil Nadu
Location Tiruchendur
Culture
Primary deity Senthilandavan (Murugan) or Sri Subramanya Swamy
Important festivals Aavani festival,Maasi festival,Soorasamharam, Thaipoosam,Panguni uthiram,Vaikasi visagam,Karthigai viratham
Architecture
Architectural styles Dravidian architecture
History and governance
Website tiruchendur.org

Thiruchendur Murugan Temple (Tamil: திருச்செந்தூர் முருகன் கோவில்) is an ancient Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Muruga situated in Tamil Nadu, India.The puranic name or historical name for this temple is jayanthipuram.It is also one of the Arupadaiveedu (six major abodes) or Six sacred temples of Kaumaram religion. It is the only one among the Six sacred temple complexes to be situated near the sea shore. Other five are situated in mountain region.

It is one of the largest temple complexes (by area) of India and it is one of the most visited temple complex in India (devotees from countries like Singapore,Malaysia,Sri Lanka,England,Australia). It is the only temple in Tamil Nadu which has a separate bus terminal.The sannathi street of this temple is the longest of its kind among the temples of Tamil Nadu. This is the only temple where Raja gopura is situated in western gate. This temple is the largest temple among all the temples built by saints.This temple is not constructed by Kings,it is built by three holy saints. It is one of the richest temple (by wealth) of Tamil Nadu.This is the only Hindu temple which has no Eastern gateway. This temple is the fourth Hindu temple in Tamil Nadu to get ISO certification.[1] This is the only temple in Tamil Nadu where sanctum sanctorium is below the ground level.The 133 feet Rajagopura,built in the shores of Bay of Bengal,very near to the sea,just within 200 meters is still a mystery and an outstanding example for the Tamil temple architecture and an example for extreme civil engineering of Ancient Tamils.

Location[edit]

It is located in the eastern end of the town Thiruchendur in the district of Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu, India. It is 60 km south-east of Tirunelveli, 40 km from Tuticorin and 75 km north-east of Kanyakumari.The temple complex is on the shores of Bay of Bengal.The terrain is partially a sandal mountain and sea shore.

Significance[edit]

Each of the six major abodes of Lord Muruga has an event mentioned in the puranas (major religious texts). Thiruchendur is said to be second in importance among his six abodes. This place is also referred to by other names in religious poems and literature as Thirucheeralaivai, Thiruchenthil, and Thiruchenthiyoor. The deity is worshipped by various names such as Senthilandavan, Senthilkumar, and so on. The six Arupadiveedus are: Palani (120 km west of Madurai), Swamimalai (150 km east of Madurai), Thiruthani (50 km from Chennai), Pazhamudircholai (10 km north of Madurai) and Thiruparamkunram (10 km south of Madurai). The devotees of Lord Muruga emphasize that Thiruvoragam, one of the four Padaiveedu referred to by sage Nakkeerar in his poem Thirumurugattupadai is none other then Kumarakoil, also known as Kumarashetram by Keralites (Malai Nattavar). The temple is situaatead in the foothills of Velimalai also known as Velvi Malai, the southern tip of the western ghats. The place is where Lord Muruga married his second consort Valli Devi. The marriage was love marriage (Kandarva Kalyanam). The "thala varalaru" cites numerous names of places, river, water bodies, caves and purana stories in support of this. Reference "The Velimalai Kumarakoil Thala Varalaru" written by Annalar Adigal.

The temple is situated so close to the sea that waves from the Gulf of Mannar lap at the eastern perimeter wall of the temple. The devotees take a holy dip in the sea and the Nali Kinaru (small well), the source of fresh salt free water before entering the temple for worship.

The temple has devotees across the world including Singapore, Malaysia, America, Canada, London, etc. This temple plays a significant role in the faith of the world's Tamils.

History[edit]

Image of the Western tower

An Asura by name Surapadma was ruling Veera Mahandrapuri, an island fortress, as his Capital. He performed many austerities invoking Lord Siva and Lord Siva granted him many boons. Later he became arrogant and captured three worlds and made the Heavenly immortals to do menial task. Devas were unable to bear his torture and complained to Lord Siva. Lord Siva opened His frontal eye to create a son to kill the asuras. Six sparks of fire where issued from the frontal eye of Lord Siva. The divine sparks of grace were received by river Ganges through Agni, the God of Fire and passed on to the Himalayan lake Saravana Poigai. Here they were transformed into six babies.

These babies were suckled by the six Kirithika nymphs. Lord Siva and Goddess Parvathi Devi came to Saravana Poigai. When the Goddess Uma fondly clasped the babies, they became Lord Arumuga with six faces and twelve arms. When the child Arumuga had grown into a youth God, Lord Siva asked Him to destroy asuras and free Devas from their cruel bondage. Lord Muruga reached Tiruchendur with his huge army and encamped. He sent his lieutenant Veerabahu to the asuras as an emissary and asked Surapadma to release the Devas. Since Surapadma turned down the request, war was started.

The intense battle continued for few days. During the first five days of the War the brothers of Surapadma and all other asuras perished. On sixth day in the battle between Lord Muruga and Surapadma, the lance of Lord Muruga pierced Surapadma (who got himself transformed as a frightful mango tree ) and broke it in twain. The broken pieces instantly transformed themselves into a mighty Peacock and a Chanticleer. Lord Muruga took Peacock as his vahana (Vehicle) and Chanticleer on his banner.

After Surasamharam ( Destruction of Surapadman) Lord Muruga desired to worship his father Lord Siva. Hence Mayan, the divine architect constructed this shrines at Tiruchendur. Even now Lord Subramaniyan is seen in the posture of worshiping Lord Siva in the Sanctum sanctorum.

As detailed in Skanda Purana, one of the eighteen Hindu puranas, While the deities hailed the glory of Kartikeya for having killed Tarakasur, Kartikeya himself was saddened by his act. He told the deities--'I regret for having killed Tarakasur because he was a great devotee of Lord Shiva. Is there any way to atone for my sin?'Lord Vishnu consoled him---'Killing a wicked person, who nourishes himself on the blood of innocent people, is not a sinful deed. But, still, if you feel guilty then there is no better way to atone for your sin than worshipping Lord Shiva. Install Shivalingas and worship them with deep devotion.' Kartikeya instructed Vishnukarma to make three divine Shivalingas. Later on Kartikeya installed these Shivalingas at three different places and worshipped them with appropriate rituals. In course of time these three holy places came to be known as Pratigyeshwar, Kapaleshwar and Kumareshwar. Kartikeya, while worshipping at Kapaleshwar sprinkled holy water on the Shivalinga and prayed so that Tarakasur's soul rested in peace. He also offered sesame seeds to Lord Kapaleshwar and prayed --'May my offerings made in the form of sesame seeds reach Tarak—the descendant of Sage Kashyap.' This way, Kartikeya was absolved of his sins.

Near the temple is also a holy temple dedicated to Ayya Vaikundar considered to be an avatar of Lord Vishnu. The followers of Ayya Vaikundar is called Ayyavazhi sect of the Vishnavite, and his teachings are contained in Akilathirattu, a holy book. Ayya Vaikundar was the architect of "Samabandhi Bhojan" meaning feeding of poor and downtrodden among the backward communities and scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, who were considered to be untouchable by the rulers of the erstwhile Trivancore (now Kerala State) together under one roof. This was not liked by the rulers and they gave him many physical and mental trouble including putting him in the company of a hungry tiger in a lock up. But they were perplexed by his mystic acts and released him unconditionally.

Major deities[edit]

  • Sri Muruga Perumal (Main god-moolavar)
  • Sri Shanmuga (Primary substitute-Urtchavar)
  • Panchalingam (Worshipped by Lord Murugan)
  • Jayanthinathar (Who killed demon surapadma)
  • Kumaravidanga peruman (Who is going to archery)
  • Sri Valliamman (Companion of Muruga)
  • Sri Devasena (Companion of Muruga)
  • Sri Dakshina moorthy (God of knowledge)
  • Sri Mahalingeswarar (Equivalent to thousand lingas)
  • Sri Venkateshwara (Uncle of Lord Muruga)
  • Aandal (Aunty of Lord Muruga)
  • Sri Vallabhai vinayaga (Brother of Lord Muruga)
  • Sri Satru Samhara Moorthy (who destroys our enemies)
  • Sri Sandikeswara (Protector of temple wealth)
  • Sri Saneeswara
  • Sri Bairava (Kaala Bhairava Moorthi - Sign of Lord Shiva)
  • Sri Nataraja (Dancing pose of Lord Shiva)
  • Sri Thoondukai vinayaka (Elder brother of Muruga)
  • Sri Anjaneya
  • Sri Dharma Sastha(Brother of Muruga)
  • Sri Idumba(Devotee of Lord muruga)

[2]

Tiruchendur Temple Raja Gopuram entrance

Festivals[edit]

Image of elephant in the temple

The temple has festivals almost throughout the year.In the Tamil month of chithirai (April) Tamil new year is celebrated.In the Tamil month of Vaikasi visakam festival is celebrated.In the Tamil month of Avani annual festival is celebrated.In the Tamil month of Aipasi amavasya is celebrated.In the Tamil month of karthigai,karthigai viratham is celebrated.In the Tamil month of thai,poosam festival and pongal festival is celebrated.In the Tamil month of Maasi,Annual greater festival is celebrated.In the Tamil month of panguni,uthiram festival is celebrated.Besides these festivals soorasamharam is celebrated in the month of November. During these festivals people used to take kavadi to the temple.Some people will pull the cars connected with the nails pierced in their bodies.Some people will pierce their toungue with the spear.Besides these the god will come out of temple in Golden chariot in every week.

Sathru Samhara Pooja[edit]

Satru Samhara Pooja is a divine ritual or custom or practice of Kaumaram a subsect of Hinduism,in which God Subramanya is worshipped to destroy our enemies.Tiruchendur Murugan Temple is well known for this pooja.It is believed that performing this ritual renders a person joy and authority.It protects one from evil eyes,curses of gods,planets and ancestors.It further enhances family relationship,removes dullness,fear,mental block,frees one from debts,helps to cure fatal diseases,bestows progeny,gives good health and six siddhis.This pooja is recommended to the persons who constantly face enemies (especially police and military men),one in political field,business competitors,for whom possessed with black magic,evil eyes and spirits,Ancestral curses,and those suffering from chronic diseases.It is believed that this pooja will protect the performer from negative and evil forces.Tamil Nadu Chief Minister and Karnataka Chief Minister has performed this pooja to get override with their political enemies.This pooja is performed in the premises of Sri Satru Samhara Moorthy temple situated in western side of 2nd circular way around the sanctum sancorium inside the temple complex.

Temples to be visited[edit]

Picture gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]