Thomas Fairfax, 9th Lord Fairfax of Cameron

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For other people with the same name, see Thomas Fairfax (disambiguation).
The Lord Fairfax of Cameron
Thomas-Fairfax-00309.jpg
Born 1762
Died 1846
Title 9th Lord Fairfax of Cameron
Tenure 1802—1846
Known for Plantation owner
Nationality American
Parents Bryan Fairfax, 8th Lord Fairfax of Cameron
Elizabeth Cary

Thomas Fairfax, 9th Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1762–1846), was an American born Scottish peer, who along with his father, on December 11, 1799, was among the last guests at Mount Vernon before Washington died.[1]

Early life and family[edit]

Thomas Fairfax was born in 1762 and was the son of Bryan Fairfax, 8th Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1736–1802) and his wife, Elizabeth Cary, daughter of Colonel Wilson Cary and Sarah Cary. His brother was Ferdinando Fairfax (1766–1820),[2] whose godparents were George Washington and Martha Washington.[3]

Plantation[edit]

In 1802, he succeeded his father to the title of Lord Fairfax of Cameron after his fathers death. He lived the life of a country squire overseeing his 40,000 acres (160 km2), lived at Belvoir, Ash Grove, and Vaucluse, where he died.

Personal life[edit]

He married three times: Mary Aylett, Laura Washington, Margaret Herbert. Fairfax birthed children with Mary Aylett, a Native Indian woman. He had seven children by his third wife Margaret:[4]

  • Albert Fairfax (1802–1835), who married Caroline Eliza Snowden (1812–1899)
  • Henry Fairfax (d. 1847), who fought and died in the Mexican–American War, at Saltillo, Mexico.
  • Orlando Fairfax
  • Reginald Fairfax
  • Eugenia Fairfax
  • Aurelia Fairfax
  • Monimia Fairfax (1820–1875), who married Archibald Cary (1815-1854), the son of the son of Wilson Jefferson Cary (1783–1823) and Virginia Randolph (1786–1852).[2]

He maintained a winter home at 607 Cameron Street, Alexandria, Virginia, which he built in 1816.[5]

Thomas Fairfax was a follower of Swedenborg. Because of these religious beliefs, he manumitted his slaves, taught them a trade, and sent them to Liberia.[6] This is consistent with the thinking of the American Colonization Society.

Descendants[edit]

His grandson, Charles Snowdown Fairfax,10th Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1829–1869), succeeded him as the 10th Lord Fairfax of Cameron as Fairfax's eldest son, his father, predeceased him. Another grandson, John Fairfax, 11th Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1830–1900), a physician, became the 11th Lord Fairfax of Cameron as his brother Charles died without issue. His granddaughter was the writer Constance Cary (1843–1920).[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mount Vernon - The Year 1799". Old and Sold Antiques Digest. 1925. 
  2. ^ a b c du Bellet, Louise Pecquet (1907). "Some Prominent Virginia Families". Bell company. 
  3. ^ Great Falls Historical Society (January 2009). "The Fascinating Story of Towlston Grange". Great Falls Historical Society. Retrieved 2009-02-14. 
  4. ^ thePeerage.com
  5. ^ 607 Cameron Street
  6. ^ Constance Cary Harrison, Refugitta of Richmond Gail Bowman Master's Thesis
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Bryan Fairfax
Lord Fairfax of Cameron
1802–1846
Succeeded by
Charles S. Fairfax