Thomas H. Bayly

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For other people named Thomas Bayly, see Thomas Bayly (disambiguation).
Muscoe Thomas Henry Bayly
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1853 – June 23, 1856
Preceded by John Millson
Succeeded by Muscoe Russell Hunter Garnett
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 7th district
In office
May 6, 1844 – March 3, 1853
Preceded by Henry A. Wise
Succeeded by William Smith
Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs
In office
March 4, 1851 – March 3, 1855
Preceded by John Alexander McClernand
Succeeded by Alexander C. M. Pennington
Chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means
In office
March 4, 1849 – March 3, 1851
Preceded by Samuel Vinton
Succeeded by George S. Houston
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates from Accomack County
In office
Alongside Robert Poulson, Thomas Cropper and John Ailworth
Personal details
Born (1810-12-11)December 11, 1810
Drummondtown, Virginia
Died June 23, 1856(1856-06-23) (aged 45)
Drummondtown, Virginia
Resting place Accomac, Virginia
Political party Democratic
Alma mater University of Virginia
Occupation Attorney
Military service
Service/branch Virginia Militia
Years of service 1837–1846
Rank Brigadier General
Unit 21st Brigade

Thomas Henry Bayly (December 11, 1810 – June 23, 1856) was a nineteenth-century politician, lawyer and judge from Virginia. He was the son of Thomas M. Bayly.


Born at the family estate called "Mount Custis" near Drummondtown, Virginia, Bayly attended the common schools as a child and went on to study law at the University of Virginia, graduating in 1829. Admitted to the bar in 1830, he practiced law in Accomac County, Virginia and engaged in agricultural pursuits. He served in the Virginia House of Delegates from 1836 to 1842 and was appointed brigadier general of the 21st Brigade in the Virginia Militia in 1837 which he served as until 1846. Bayly was elected judge of the Superior Court of Law and Chancery in 1842.

In 1844, he left that post when he was elected as a Democrat to fill a vacancy in the United States House of Representatives. He served in the House until his death in 1856, acting as chairman of the House Committee on Ways and Means from 1849 to 1851 and chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs from 1851 to 1855. He died on June 23, 1856 at his estate, Mount Custis, near Drummondtown, Virginia, and was interned in the family cemetery there. Bayly also has a cenotaph at Congressional Cemetery in Washington, D.C..

The University of Virginia Art Museum is housed in the Thomas H. Bayly Building.[1]


  • 1844; Bayly was first elected to the U.S. House of Representatives with 54.5% of the vote, defeating Whig Hitt Carter.
  • 1845; Bayly was re-elected with 53.54% of the vote, defeating Whig George W. Southall.
  • 1847; Bayly was re-elected with 52.47% of the vote, defeating Whig John J. Jones.
  • 1849; Bayly was re-elected with 64.75% of the vote, defeating Whig Francis Mallory.
  • 1851; Bayly was re-elected unopposed.
  • 1853; Bayly was re-elected with 58.93% of the vote, defeating Independents Louis C.H. Finney and George W. Lewis.
  • 1855; Bayly was re-elected with 79.09% of the vote, defeating Independents Robert L. Montague, Richard Lee Turberville Beale, Joseph

Eggleston Segar, and a man identified only as Jennings.


External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Henry A. Wise
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 7th congressional district

Succeeded by
William Smith
Preceded by
John S. Millson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 1st congressional district

Succeeded by
Muscoe Russell Hunter Garnett
Political offices
Preceded by
John Alexander McClernand
Chairman of House Foreign Affairs Committee
Succeeded by
Alexander C. M. Pennington
New Jersey
Preceded by
Samuel Vinton
Chairman of House Ways and Means Committee
Succeeded by
George S. Houston