Thomas Indian School

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Thomas Indian School
Thomas Indian School Admin Bldg 1983.jpg
Thomas Indian School Administration Building, 1983
Thomas Indian School is located in New York
Thomas Indian School
Thomas Indian School is located in the United States
Thomas Indian School
LocationNY 438 on Cattaraugus Reservation, Irving, New York
Coordinates42°32′22″N 78°59′48″W / 42.53944°N 78.99667°W / 42.53944; -78.99667Coordinates: 42°32′22″N 78°59′48″W / 42.53944°N 78.99667°W / 42.53944; -78.99667
Architectural styleGeorgian Revival
NRHP reference #73001188[1]
Added to NRHPJanuary 25, 1973

Thomas Indian School, also known as the Thomas Asylum of Orphan and Destitute Indian Children, is an historic school and national historic district located near Irving at the Cattaraugus Indian Reservation in Erie County, New York. The complex was built in about 1900 by New York State as a self-supporting campus. Designed by the New York City firm Barney and Chapman, the campus contains the red brick Georgian Revival style main buildings and a multitude of farm and vocational buildings.[2]

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973.[1]

Numerous works address the stories of former residents of Native American boarding schools in Western New York and Canada, such as Thomas Indian School, Mohawk Institute Residential School (also known as Mohawk Manual Labour School and Mush Hole Indian Residential School) in Brantford, Southern Ontario, Haudenosaunee boarding school, and the Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Carlisle, Pennsylvania; the impact of those and similar schools on their communities; and community efforts to overcome those impacts. Examples include: the film Unseen Tears: A Documentary on Boarding School Survivors,[3] Ronald James Douglas' graduate thesis titled Documenting ethnic cleansing in North America: Creating Unseen Tears,[4] and the Legacy of Hope Foundation's online media collection: "Where are the Children? Healing the Legacy of the Residential Schools".[5]


  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ "Cultural Resource Information System (CRIS)" (Searchable database). New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2016-07-01. Note: This includes T. Robins Brown (December 1972). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Thomas Indian School" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-07-01. and Accompanying five photographs
  3. ^ ICTMN Staff (December 2, 2010). "Unseen Tears: A Documentary on Boarding School Survivors". Indian Country Today Media Network.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  4. ^ Douglas, Ronald James, M.F.A., State University of New York at Buffalo (2010). "Documenting ethnic cleansing in North America: Creating unseen tears (AAT 1482210)".CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Legacy of Hope Foundation. "Healing the Legacy of the Residential Schools". Where are the Children?.

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