Thorgal

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Thorgal
Thorgal Le Barbare.jpg
Cover of Le Barbare  (2002 Lombard Editions)
, art by Grzegorz Rosiński
Created byJean Van Hamme
Grzegorz Rosiński
Publication information
PublisherLombard Editions (French)
Cinebook Ltd (English)
Lion Comics (Tamil)
FormatsOriginal material for the series has been published as a strip in the comics anthology(s) Tintin magazine and a set of graphic novels.
Original languageFrench
Genre
Publication date1977 – present
Reprints
Title(s)See: Collected editions
The series has been reprinted, at least in part, in Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, German, Greek, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, and Turkish.

Thorgal is a fantasy adventure Franco-Belgian series by Belgian writer Jean Van Hamme and Polish graphic artist Grzegorz Rosiński. It has incorporated elements of Norse mythology, the legend of Atlantis as well as science fiction and horror.

Overview[edit]

The comic first appeared in serial form in Tintin magazine in 1977. It has subsequently been published in hardcover volumes by Le Lombard from 1980 on. Translations have appeared in English, Dutch, German, Polish, Italian and Spanish.

In 2002, it was adapted as an adventure video game, Thorgal: Curse of Atlantis, by Cryo Interactive Entertainment. Thorgal is critically acclaimed[1] and one of the most popular French language comics, with more than 11 million Thorgal books in print.[2] There are currently three ongoing successful spin-off series, in addition to the continuation of the main Thorgal series.

Main characters[edit]

  • Thorgal Aegirsson: Son of Varth and Haynee, grandson of Xargos – a captain of a spaceship on a way to Earth in search of energy. He is raised by Vikings after his ship crash-lands. He possesses character traits and morality that many Vikings consider a sign of weakness. Thorgal is still a courageous and skillful warrior and an archer of phenomenal skill. His life's goal is to find a place for his family to live in peace. For a time, he is stripped of his memory, and becomes the pirate lord Shaigan, though his compassion remained unalatered.
  • Aaricia: Thorgal's wife and the daughter of Gandalf the Mad, a Viking leader. She is bound to Thorgal from the moment of her birth by a magic object named Tjahzi's Tears. Aaricia is a spirited and strong-willed woman, who loves her family dearly despite all the mishaps Thorgal's fate brings to their lives.
  • Jolan: Thorgal's son. He possesses supernatural powers as the heritage of Thorgal's mysterious ancestry. For most of the series his power is limited to molecular agitation (usually the ability to disintegrate objects). He gradually learns to hone his ability.
  • Louve: Thorgal and Aaricia's daughter, who has the ability to communicate with animals.
  • Kriss of Valnor: A boung, beautiful, unscrupulous and deadly warrior, and also a skilled archer. She first appears in Les Archers, and then intermittently in the following stories. She is in some ways Thorgal's greatest nemesis, and repeatedly tries to hurt him and his family, but occasionally shows hints of admiration and even secret love for Thorgal. When Thorgal loses his memory, she tricks him into believing that they are married, and convinces Thorgal that he is the ruthless pirate lord Shaigan. She becomes pregnant with his son Aniel, whom her father Kahaniel of Valnor wished to reincarnate himself, but Thorgal eventually regains his memory and leaves to find his true family. Later, she ends up as a slave in Byzantium and apparently sacrifices her life to help Thorgal's family escape from the same slave pits, but is later revealed to be alive and queen in the northern lands.
  • Aniel: the young son of Thorgal and Kriss of Valnor, conceived while Thorgal lived as the pirate lord Shaigan. He and his mother fall prey to Byzantian slavers, and his vocal cords are cut to forestall crying, leaving him mute. Later, Kriss and Aniel escape the slave pits with Aaricia, Jolan and Louve, who had also been brought there. When Kriss is wounded by her pursuers and prepared to make her last stand, she asks Aaricia to take care of Aniel. Aaricia agrees and takes Aniel in as one of her own children. Aniel is later kidnapped to serve as a host body for Kahlim, grand master of the Red Mages of the oriental city of Bag Dadh (Le Feu écarlate). With the help of Armenos the Mage, both Kahaniel and Kahlim are exorcised from him, but having become hateful of Thorgal, he leaves with his mother.
Xargos (Tanatloc)
VilniaKahaniel de ValnorOlgavaVarth (Ogotai)HayneeGandalf the Mad
ManthorKriss de ValnorThorgal AegirssonAariciaBjorn Gandalfson
Aniel de ValnorJolanLouve

Other characters[edit]

  • Ogotai (also known as Varth): the war-loving, merciless "god" brought by the sea into the land of Qâ (a presumably South American pre-Columbian civilization). He leads his people into countless conquests of the neighboring tribes and orders endless human sacrifices to himself. He has superior intelligence, knowledge of highly advanced technology, and supernatural powers, which he uses to trick people into believing he is a true god. In reality, he is a grief-stricken, crazed man, driven by the vengeance against the planet he believes responsible for the death of his beloved wife and son.
  • Tanatloc (also known as Xargos): another "god" living in the land of Qâ. He is the nemesis of Ogotai, with whom he shares a secret past. He is kept hidden from his people.
  • Darek and Lehla: brother and sister children of banished Vikings who met Aaricia and her family after they had been banished from their village following Shaigan's raids against their people. They joined Thorgal and his family on their journey, but after a few adventures they decided to stay behind on an island Thorgal and Louve had just liberated from a tyrant (Arachneà). However, Lehla later turns up a slave in the northern lands, where she is liberated by Thorgal and taken along for his search for Aniel (Le bateau-sabre). They later recover Darek from slavery in the jungle kingdom of Zhari (Aniel), and subsequently join Thorgal's extended family.
  • The Key Guardian: a powerful magician, who is (or maybe just assumes the form of) a beautiful woman. The gods have entrusted her with the task of guarding the passages between worlds. She walks between the worlds, wearing nothing but a golden girdle that grants her powers and immortality. She has (like many other female characters appearing in the series) a crush on Thorgal, but she respects his loyalty to his family.
  • Tjall (called by some people Tjall-The-Fiery): the young, hot-headed nephew of Treefoot and friend of Thorgal. An excellent archer with a good heart and a silly mind, who has a crush on Kriss. He later dies while accompanying Thorgal to the City of the Lost God (La Cité du Dieu Perdu), saving him from a raging mob.
  • Argun Treefoot: He's uncle of Tjall. He's a warrior past his prime and with a pegleg, but still an exceptional archer and bowmaker. One of Thorgal's few friends.
  • Solveig: she is a Viking who is the best friend of Aaricia. Devoted friend she will help the family Aegirsson.
  • Shaniah: a teenage girl from a village enamored in the adult and married Thorgal. Out of jealousy she causes a great tragedy in Thorgal's life, but later redeems herself by giving her own life to save Aaricia.
  • Gandalf the Mad: Aaricia's father and king of the Vikings of the North. He became the leader of his tribe after Thorgal's adoptive father's death. Greedy, cruel and mad, he makes repeated attempts at Thorgal's life, whom he perceives a threat to the legitimacy of his own rule.
  • Tiago and Ileniya: brother and sister descendants of a group of space-farers who had landed on Midgard and formed the fabled kingdom of Atlantis. They foiled their elders' plan to enslave the world and travelled together with Thorgal and his family. Soon afterwards, however, they were all taken as slaves to a Byzantinian governor and his sadistic son Heraclius, who made Ilyena his personal 'pet". When Tiago tried to stop Heraclius from abusing his sister, the nobleman murdered him; in revenge, Ileniya killed Heraclius later on and, facing imminent death, joined her brother by throwing herself off a cliff.
  • Snake Nidhogg: a powerful, mythological monster creature, which Thorgal dared to go against in his youth with the help of the goddess Frigg. Based on Níðhöggr from Norse mythology.
  • Volsung of Nichor: A cunning, treacherous schemer. He first appears as Thorgal's competitor in Three Elders of Aran, but apparently dies in the tests they have to face. Actually, Nidhogg saves him to be her servant; his mission is to gain the Girdle of Immortality from the Guardian of the Keys. For betraying her, she transforms Volsung into a toad and keeps him with her trapped in the neverness.
  • Muff: A dog that belongs to Jolan & Louve. He appears for the last time in "The Blue Sickness", when he stayed on the island of Our Ground, together with Darek de Svear and his sister Lehla, because he was too old to travel any further.
  • Alinoë: Appeared in the volume of the same name as a violent, primitive boy with green hair and was revealed to be part of Jolan's imagination and he vanished when Jolan's mysterious bracelet was removed by Thorgal.
  • Manthor: a Viking Half-God who cures Thorgal in "Sacrifice". He is the son of Kahaniel of Valnor and the half-brother of Kriss of Valnor.
  • Vigrid: One of the lesser Gods of Asgard who is indebted towards Aaricia for having helped him after having gone blind. He repays this debt by helping her husband reach Manthor and bringing her back to her ancestral home. However, his love for Aaricia eventually made him abandon a task set by the gods, compelling Frigg to banish him from Asgard to Svartalfheim (Louve #5: "Skald"). However, he finally earns his eventual pardon by taking the recalcitrant Niddhog's destined place as the guardian of Yggdrasil (Louve #7: "Niddhog").
  • The Kingdom of Zhar (first featured in Le Mal Bleu)
    • Zarkaj and Zajkar: The twin princes of Zhar. To avoid dynastic disputes, Zajkar was chosen to be killed right after birth, but survived and was taken in by the Myrms. After growing to manhood, and with Thorgal's help, he reclaims his rightful place and reconciles with his brother, with whom he rules the realm as a diarchy.
    • Armenos: A reclusive mage and inventor. He first saves Thorgal and his family from the Blue Death disease, and later Aniel from his dual possession (Aniel).
    • Zim: A member of the Myrms, Zharians afflicted with dwarfism and made outcast swamp-dwellers. Zim falls in love with Thorgal upon his first visit, but respects his faithfulness to his family. When Thorgal returns to Zhar after completing his search for Aniel, Zim loses her life in the last decisive battle against a horde of Amazons.

Fictional character biography[edit]

After of being lost at sea, the ship of Viking leader Leif Haraldson suddenly finds its way home, guided by a mysterious light in the fog. To the superstitious Vikings, the light is seen as a sign from the gods. Once on shore, they find a sort of capsule, which appears to be the source of the mysterious light. Leif opens the capsule and finds a newborn baby boy. He names the child Thor-gal Aegirs-son, after Thor, the Norse God of Thunder, and Aegir, the ruler of the sea, because he considers Thorgal to be a gift from the Gods. Leif takes Thorgal under his care as his adoptive son.

As Thorgal grows up, he is curious about his origins and often ostracized by his peers for not being a "real" Viking. On his sixth birthday, Leif gives him two strange artifacts taken from the capsule he was found in. One is a jewel made from "the metal that doesn't exist". The jewel brings Thorgal on his first adventure, and binds his fate forever with that of Aaricia (his future wife). When Thorgal is twelve, the other gift prompts him to visit an old wiseman, who reveals to Thorgal his origins and true identity. He tells him that he's one of the last survivors of a group of technologically advanced space-farers who came to the planet in search of new energy sources. His people have great supernatural powers like changing the molecular composition of matter with their mind; powers that Thorgal himself seems not to have. Thorgal learns about his real parents and grandfather, and the events that preceded his birth. The old man decides to erase Thorgal's memory of their encounter and the knowledge he just learned, believing that it will be better for Thorgal to grow up as a "normal" Viking boy with no supernatural powers. Thorgal, however, continues to grow up as curious and conflicted about his true identity as ever.

Soon after this event Leif Haraldson dies and Gandalf the Mad is chosen as his successor. Gandalf repeatedly tries to get rid of Thorgal, because -– as he constantly reminds everyone – Thorgal is an outsider and not of Viking blood. In reality, Gandalf feels threatened because Thorgal is Leif's heir. In the meantime, Thorgal's relationship with Aaricia, Gandalf's daughter, develops and strengthens. While her wishes do not have much influence on her father, she is able to save Thorgal from certain death (by her father's hand) through her determination and ingenuity.

The first album of the series starts some years later, when Thorgal is already an adult, and Gandalf devises a plan to kill him after realizing how deep the love his daughter has for Thorgal really is.

Collected editions[edit]

The albums consist of several story arcs and many stand-alone stories.

Jean Van Hamme (story) and Grzegorz Rosiński (art)[edit]

  • 1. La Magicienne Trahie (1980)
  • 2. L'Ile des Mers gelées (1980)
  • 3. Les Trois Vieillards du pays d'Aran (1981)
  • 4. La Galère Noire (1982) (start of the Brek Zarith story arc)
  • 5. Au-delà des Ombres (1983)
  • 6. La chute de Brek Zarith (1984) (end of the Brek Zarith story arc)
  • 7. L'enfant des étoiles (1984) (3 short stories from Thorgal's youth)
  • 8. Alinoë (1985)
  • 9. Les Archers (1986)
  • 10. Le Pays Qâ (1986) (start of the Qâ story arc)
  • 11. Les Yeux de Tanatloc (1986)
  • 12. La Cité du Dieu Perdu (1987)
  • 13. Entre Terre et Lumière (1988) (end of the Qâ story arc)
  • 14. Aaricia (1989) (4 short stories from Aaricia's youth)
  • 15. Le Maître des Montagnes (1989)
  • 16. Louve (1990)
  • 17. La Gardienne des Clés (1991)
  • 18. L'épée-soleil (1992)
  • 19. La Forteresse Invisible (1993) (start of the Shaigan story arc)
  • 20. La Marque des Bannis (1994)
  • 21. La Couronne d'Ogotaï (1995)
  • 22. Géants (1996)
  • 23. La Cage (1997) (end of the Shaigan story arc)
  • 24. Arachnéa (1999)
  • 25. Le Mal Bleu - (1999)
  • 26. Le Royaume sous le Sable (2001)
  • 27. Le Barbare (2002)
  • 28. Kriss de Valnor (2004)
  • 29. Le Sacrifice (2006)

Notes[edit]

The 29th volume, The Sacrifice, was the final volume scripted by Jean Van Hamme. Here, Thorgal escapes the curse of Odin. He finds peace in the only home he knows: the Viking village of his adopted father, but then must make a choice.

Danish translation of the series appeared in a different order, beginning with the chronicles of Thorgal's youth.[3] The first album in the series La Magicienne Trahie is number 22 in the Danish series.[3]

In Denmark numbers 22-23 (#1-2) were first published by the publisher Interpresse under the name "Cormak", probably to capitalize upon the popular series Conan.[citation needed] The name was soon changed back to "Thorgal" when Carlsen Comics took over the series.[3][4]

Yves Sente (story) and Grzegorz Rosiński (art)[edit]

  • 30. Moi, Jolan (2007)
  • 31. Le bouclier de Thor (2008)
  • 32. La bataille d'Asgard (2010)
  • 33. Le bateau-sabre (2011)
  • 34. Kah-Aniel (2013)

Notes[edit]

Following the 29th volume, the series was written by Yves Sente. These albums initially focussed on Jolan rather than Thorgal.

Xavier Dorison (story) and Grzegorz Rosiński (art)[edit]

  • 35. Le Feu écarlate (2016)

Yann (story) and Grzegorz Rosinski (art)[edit]

  • 36. Aniel (2018)

Yann (story) and Fred Vignaux (art)[edit]

  • 37. L'Ermite de Skellingar (2019)
  • 38. La Selkie (2020)

Les Mondes de Thorgal - Kriss de Valnor ("The Worlds of Thorgal – Kriss of Valnor") (a spin-off)[edit]

Yves Sente (story) and Giulio De Vita (art)[edit]

  • 1. Je n'oublie rien! (I Forget Nothing!, 2010)
  • 2. La sentence des Walkyries (The Sentence of the Valkyries, 2012)
  • 3. Digne d'une reine (Fit for a Queen, 2012)
  • 4. Alliances (Alliances, 2013)
  • 5. Rouge comme le Raheborg (Red like Raheborg, 2014)

Xavier Dorison and Mathieu Mariolle (story) and Roman Surzhenko (art)[edit]

  • 6. L'Île des enfants perdus (The Island of Lost Children, 2015)

Xavier Dorison and Mathieu Mariolle (story) and Fred Vignaux (art)[edit]

  • 7. La Montagne du temps (2017)
  • 8. Le Maître de justice (2018)

Spin-off Les Mondes de Thorgal - Louve (Thorgal - Louve)[edit]

Yann Le Pennetier (story) and Roman Surzhenko (art)[edit]

  • 1. Raïssa (Raissa, 2011)
  • 2. La Main coupée du dieu Tyr (The Severed Hand of the God Tyr, 2012)
  • 3. Le Royaume du chaos (The Kingdom of Chaos, 2013)
  • 4. Crow (Crow, 2014)
  • 5. Skald (Skald, 2015)
  • 6. La Reine des Alfes noirs (Queen of the black elves, 2016)
  • 7. Nidhogg (Nidhogg, 2017)

Spin-off Les Mondes de Thorgal - La Jeunesse de Thorgal (Thorgal - The Youth of Thorgal)[edit]

Yann Le Pennetier (story) and Roman Surzhenko (art)[edit]

  • 1. Les Trois Sœurs Minkelsönn (The Three Minkelsonn Sisters, 2013)
  • 2. L'Œil d'Odin (The Eye of Odin, 2014)
  • 3. Runa (Rune, 2015)
  • 4. Berserkers (Berserkers, 2016)
  • 5. Slive (Slivia, 2017)
  • 6. Le Drakkar des glaces (2018)
  • 7. La dent bleue (2019)

Besides series[edit]

  • Aux Origines des mondes (Thorgal's world) (2012) - a collection of interviews about the creation of spin-off Thorgal series, interviewed by Patrick Gaumera with Grzegorz Rosiński, Giuliano de Vita, Yves Sente, Roman Surzhenko and Yann Le Pennetier.

English version[edit]

Thorgal, Child of the Stars was published by Donning Company Publishers in 1986 with ISBN 0-89865-501-3.

Cinebook Ltd has begun reprinting the series[5] starting with Child of the Stars and Aaricia in 2007.
0. The Betrayed Sorceress (ISBN 9781849184434) - Collects La Magicienne Trahie and L'Ile des Mers gelées [1 and 2])

  1. Child of the Stars (ISBN 9781905460236) - (collects Child of the Stars and Aaricia [7 and 14])
  2. The Three Elders of Aran (ISBN 9781905460311) - (collects The Three Elders of Aran and The Black Galley [3 and 4])
  3. Beyond the Shadows (ISBN 9781905460458) - (collects Beyond the Shadows and The Fall of Brek Zarith [5 and 6])
  4. The Archers (ISBN 9781905460670) - (collects Alinoë and Les Archers [8 and 9])
  5. The Land of Qa (ISBN 9781905460809) - (collects Le Pays Qâ and Les Yeux de Tanatloc [10 and 11])
  6. City of the Lost God (ISBN 9781849180016) - (collects La Cité du Dieu Perdu and Entre Terre et Lumière [12 and 13])
  7. The Master of the Mountains (ISBN 9781849180238) - (contains Le Maître des Montagnes [15])
  8. Wolf Cub (ISBN 9781849180351) - (contains Louve [16])
  9. The Guardian of the Keys (ISBN 9781849180504) - (contains La Gardienne des Clés [17])
  10. The Sun Sword (ISBN 9781849180573) - (contains L'épée-soleil [18])
  11. The Invisible Fortress (ISBN 9781849181037) - (contains La Forteresse Invisible [19])
  12. The Brand of the Exiles (ISBN 9781849181365) - (contains La Marque des Bannis [20])
  13. Ogotai's Crown (ISBN 9781849181426) - (contains La Couronne d'Ogotaï [21])
  14. Giants (ISBN 9781849181563) - (Contains Géants [22])
  15. The Cage (ISBN 9781849181860) - (Contains La Cage [23])
  16. Arachnea (ISBN 9781849182478) - (Contains Arachnéa [24])
  17. The Blue Plague (ISBN 9781849182904) - (Contains The Blue Plague [25])
  18. The Kingdom Beneath the Sand (ISBN 9781849183451) - (Contains The Kingdom Beneath the Sand [26])
  19. The Barbarian (ISBN 9781849183994) - (Contains The Barbarian [27])
  20. Kriss of Valnor (ISBN 9781849184229) - (Contains Kriss de Valnor [28])
  21. The Sacrifice (ISBN 9781849184267) - (Contains Le Sacrifice [29])
  22. I, Jolan (ISBN 9791032807309) - (Contains Moi, Jolan [30])
  23. Thor's Shield (ISBN 9791032807835) - (Contains Le Bouclier de Thor [31])
  24. The Battle of Asgard - (Contains La Bataille D'Asgard [32])
  25. The Blade Ship - (Contains Le Bateau Sabre [33])
  26. Kah-Aniel - (Contains Kah-Aniel [34])
  27. The Scarlet Fire - (Contains Le Feu écarlate [35])
  28. Aniel - (Contains Aniel)

The 2008 Cinebook edition of The Land of Qa was edited to remove a woman's naked breast (page 27).

Other media[edit]

In 2002 Le Lombard published a video game for Microsoft Windows, entitled Thorgal: Curse of Atlantis and developed by Cryo Interactive Entertainment.

In 2016 there is announced that comic is going to be a series directed by Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck. The script was started in 2017 and it stands as in development in 2018 on imdb.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aviva Rothschild, D. (1995). Rosinski. ISBN 9781563080869. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
  2. ^ "Les ventes - Thorgal". www.thorgal.com. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b c "Thorgal - ComicWiki" (in Danish). Comicwiki.dk. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
  4. ^ Miaśkiewicz, Waldemar (2007). "Rola pierwszych żon (A review of I, Jolan)". Nowa Fantastyka (in Polish) (12). p. 76.
  5. ^ Thorgal at Cinebook

External links[edit]